Visual Function and Ocular Pigmentation in Albinism
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001153
: December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted
: March 4, 2008
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
To study the relationship between visual function and ocular (iris, retina/choroidal) pigmentation in patients with albinism and other hypomelanotic disorders. To identify the carrier state in relatives of patients with ocular albinism.
Condition or disease
AlbinismAlbinism, OcularAlbinism, Oculocutaneous
Visual function and ocular pigmentation are being studied in patients with albinism and other disorders associated with hypopigmentation. The degree of ocular pigmentation is assessed clinically by estimating the melanin content of the iris, retinal pigment epithelium, and choroid. Visual function is measured in the conventional manner to study central vision, and electrophysiological methods to detect a misrouting of the visual pathways. The purpose of this study is to document the visual deficit and the pigmentary changes of patients with albinism, to observe their natural course, and to determine whether misrouting of the visual pathways is present and is correlated with pigmentation.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients have been recruited into the study by referral from an ophthalmologist or pediatrician.
Entrance into the study was dependent upon clinical evidence of decreased or absent pigmentation in skin, hair, and/or eyes.
The definition was purposefully broad to include the broad range of phenotype variations and clinical heterogeneity.
The purpose of the study id to be able to document iris and retina/choroidal pigmentation and correlated these finding with visual function.