A Study of Two Adherence Plans to Help HIV-Positive Patients Take Their Medications Correctly

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001129
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : October 1, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to look at different ways to help patients follow their anti-HIV medication schedules.

It is very important that HIV-positive patients take their anti-HIV medications correctly so they get the best possible benefit from them. Taking the drugs correctly, called "adherence," may keep HIV virus levels in the blood (viral load) low for a longer time. However, anti-HIV medication schedules are often complicated, and many patients have difficulty remembering to take their drugs at the correct time. This study will look at 2 different ways to teach patients about the importance of taking their medications correctly and to remind them when to take their medications.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Device: Electronic Medication Reminder System Behavioral: Medication Manager Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Adherence to antiretroviral (AR) therapy has become increasingly important in the management of HIV infection. Adherence to AR regimens is thought to be a critical factor in maintaining therapeutic drug levels, thus helping ensure viral suppression and minimizing the risk of drug resistance. However, AR regimens are often complex with demanding dosing schedules. Patients often miss doses because they simply forget; other factors such as substance abuse, depression, and low literacy levels also contribute to nonadherence. Adherence is influenced not only by individual behavior but also by the services, the quality of the patient-provider relationship, and the amount of social support offered the patient. There is no currently agreed upon, widely used, and generalizable intervention for improving adherence over the long course of HIV therapy. This study provides a long-term comparative evaluation of two interventions.

Clinical sites, rather than individual patients, are randomized to one of four groups: a medication manager, an electronic medication reminder system, a medication manager plus an electronic medication reminder system, or usual care. Special training sessions are held for the staff of participating units assigned to medication manager and/or electronic medication reminder system interventions. The medication manager is a research staff member who works individually with study patients, addressing the knowledge, motivation, and skills necessary for adherence. The electronic medication reminder system is ALR (A Little Reminder). This is a small, portable alarm that is programmed to sound and flash at the times of the patient's scheduled AR medication doses. Patients enrolling into either the FIRST or MDR-HIV study at clinical sites authorized to carry out this study are offered the option of participating in the adherence intervention to which the clinical site has been randomly assigned. Data collected through the FIRST and the MDR-HIV protocols are used to address the Adherence study objectives. Patients on the FIRST protocol are assessed for time to first plasma HIV-RNA level above 2,000 copies/ml. Also, patients on the FIRST and MDR-HIV studies are assessed for changes in viral load, resistance, CD4 cell counts, adherence, and other factors.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 1248 participants
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Adherence Strategies Using a Medication Manager and an Electronic Medication Reminder System for HIV-Infected Patients Receiving HAART
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are enrolling in a qualifying CPCRA AR therapeutic study. Currently, the FIRST and MDR-HIV studies are the only qualifying protocols.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are enrolling at a clinic site that is unable to participate in this study for some reason.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001129

United States, California
Community Consortium / UCSF
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
Virginia Cafaro M.D.
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
United States, Colorado
Denver CPCRA / Denver Public Hlth
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80204
Univ Hosp Infectious Diseases Clinic
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80204
United States, Connecticut
Yale Univ School of Medicine / AIDS Program
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510
United States, District of Columbia
Washington Reg AIDS Prog / Dept of Infect Dis
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20422
United States, Georgia
AIDS Research Consortium of Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
United States, Illinois
AIDS Research Alliance - Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60657
United States, Louisiana
Louisiana Comm AIDS Rsch Prog / Tulane Univ Med
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Michigan
Wayne State Univ - WSU/DMC / Univ Hlth Ctr
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Henry Ford Hosp
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, New Jersey
Southern New Jersey AIDS Clinical Trials
Camden, New Jersey, United States, 08103
North Jersey Community Research Initiative
Newark, New Jersey, United States, 07103
United States, New Mexico
Partners in Research / New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87131
United States, New York
Bronx-Lebanon Hosp Ctr
Bronx, New York, United States, 10453
Harlem AIDS Treatment Grp / Harlem Hosp Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10037
United States, Oregon
The Research and Education Group
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97210
United States, Pennsylvania
Philadelphia FIGHT
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
United States, Texas
Univ TX Health Science Ctr
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Virginia
Richmond AIDS Consortium / Div of Infect Diseases
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Chair: Sharon Mannheimer
Study Chair: Edward Morse

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00001129     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CPCRA 062
11617 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 1, 2013
Last Verified: September 2013

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
RNA, Viral
Patient Compliance
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load
Reminder Systems
Treatment Experienced
Treatment Naive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases