A Study of Patients With AIDS Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001120
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : September 12, 2008
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to find out why cancers develop in HIV-positive patients.

Cancer is a leading cause of death in AIDS patients. Common cancers in HIV-infected patients include Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), a cancer of the immune system. Risk factors include certain chemicals, viruses, and perhaps even anti-HIV drugs. Doctors would like to find out which risk factors are most important and how they relate to cancer in AIDS patients.

Condition or disease
Sarcoma, Kaposi Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin HIV Infections Lymphoma, AIDS-Related

Detailed Description:

AIDS-associated malignancy represents a model system for investigations of carcinogenesis. There are few human conditions in which cancer rates are of the magnitude they are in HIV infection. While studies have investigated pre-cancer markers in HIV-infected patients, they have not correlated these markers with tumor samples. This study contributes to understanding oncogenesis of HIV-associated malignancies by establishing a collection of tumors linked with pre-cancer sera and lymphocyte specimens, as well as prospective questionnaire data.

At study entry, patients receive a comprehensive physical exam. Clinic staff interview the patient to collect data regarding medication history (particularly antiretroviral exposure), diet, occupational history, substance abuse, and sexual practices. This information is used to identify behavioral and environmental factors contributing to oncogenesis. In addition, baseline blood samples are analyzed for HHV-8 and EBV levels, anti-EBV and anti-HHV-8 antibodies, CD23, Th2 cytokines, tumor growth factors, chromosomal translocations associated with NHL, and other potential predictors of malignancy. At Month 6 and annually thereafter, patient records are abstracted for data on vital status, AIDS-defining illnesses, medications, and most recent CD4+ T cell and HIV RNA levels. At Years 1, 2, and 3, patients undergo physical exams and blood tests for malignancy surveillance. Any malignancies are biopsied and analyzed for oncogene identification and virology. The medical records of patients who die on study are reviewed to determine the cause of death and to rule out unreported cancer. No treatment is provided by this study.

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 5000 participants
Official Title: Oncogenic Viral Pathogenesis and Cancer Risk Factors Among Patients With the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: A Prospective Cohort Study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

You may be eligible for this trial if you:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have a CD4+ cell count of 200 cells/mm3 or below.
  • Are 18 years of age or older.

Exclusion Criteria

You will not be eligible for this trial if you:

  • Are not available for follow-up for at least 3 years.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001120

United States, California
Willow Clinic
Menlo Park, California, United States, 94025
San Francisco Gen Hosp
San Francisco, California, United States, 941102859
Marin County Specialty Clinic
San Rafael, California, United States, 94903
San Mateo AIDS Program / Stanford Univ
Stanford, California, United States, 943055107
Stanford Univ Med Ctr
Stanford, California, United States, 943055107
United States, Hawaii
Univ of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96816
United States, Indiana
Indiana Univ Hosp
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 462025250
United States, Louisiana
Charity Hosp / Tulane Univ Med School
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Tulane Univ School of Medicine
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Hosp
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Harvard (Massachusetts Gen Hosp)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, New York
SUNY / Erie County Med Ctr at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14215
Bellevue Hosp / New York Univ Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Mem Sloan - Kettering Cancer Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10021
St Mary's Hosp (Univ of Rochester/Infectious Diseases)
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Univ of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, North Carolina
Univ of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 275997215
Duke Univ Med Ctr
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
Univ of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 452670405
Case Western Reserve Univ
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
MetroHealth Med Ctr
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 441091998
Ohio State Univ Hosp Clinic
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 432101228
United States, Washington
Univ of Washington
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David A. Wohl Univ of North Carolina
Study Chair: Ann C. Collier Univ of Washington
Study Chair: William G. Powderly
Principal Investigator: Charles S. Rabkin Identifier: NCT00001120     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG A5035
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 12, 2008
Last Verified: May 2006

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Prospective Studies
Sarcoma, Kaposi
Herpesvirus 4, Human
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Cohort Studies
Risk Factors
Lymphoma, AIDS-Related
Antibodies, Viral
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Viral Load
Herpesvirus, Kaposi Sarcoma-Associated
Translocation (Genetics)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Sarcoma, Kaposi
Lymphoma, AIDS-Related
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Slow Virus Diseases
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
Lymphoma, B-Cell