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A Phase I Multicenter Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Vaccinia-Derived HIV-1 Recombinant Envelope Glycoprotein (gp160)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000968
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: March 17, 2014
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Immuno-US
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  Purpose
To determine the safety of vaccinia-derived HIV-1 recombinant envelope glycoprotein (gp160) in human volunteers; to evaluate the immunogenicity of this preparation in human volunteers. Although recent advances have been made in antiviral therapy against AIDS, there is currently no cure for AIDS. It is likely that ultimate control of the disease depends on the development of safe and effective vaccines against HIV.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections Biological: gp160 Vaccine (Immuno-AG) Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I Multicenter Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Vaccinia-Derived HIV-1 Recombinant Envelope Glycoprotein (gp160)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Enrollment: 60
Study Completion Date: August 1993
Detailed Description:

Although recent advances have been made in antiviral therapy against AIDS, there is currently no cure for AIDS. It is likely that ultimate control of the disease depends on the development of safe and effective vaccines against HIV.

Healthy, adult volunteers without identifiable high-risk behavior for HIV-1 infection are vaccinated. In phase 1, at each participating unit, four volunteers receive a dose of gp160 (12.5 mcg); two volunteers receive placebo. Volunteers are monitored 1 month before proceeding to the second phase. In phase 2, four volunteers receive gp160 (50 mcg); two volunteers receive placebo. Primary immunization and two booster immunizations at day 30 and day 180 are done in an outpatient setting. Volunteers are closely monitored for the first 2 weeks postimmunization (primary and boosters), and extensively followed for a minimum of 2 years. Volunteers may be offered an additional boost of the same preparation at 18 months. Per 07/28/92 amendment, 18 volunteers will receive 200 mcg gp160 in an unblinded study. Volunteers in phase 2 who received four doses of 50 mcg gp160 receive an additional boost of 200 mcg gp160 at 18-19 months post initial vaccination. Per 05/13/94 amendment, volunteers in phase 2 who received the additional 200 mcg boost receive another 200 mcg boost 18-24 months after the last injection (St. Louis University site only).

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must be:

  • Normal, healthy, HIV-negative adults who fully comprehend the purpose and details of the study.
  • Available for 1 year of follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • History of positive PPD (tuberculin test).
  • Positive syphilis serology (e.g., VDRL).
  • Positive for circulating hepatitis B antigen.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • They or their sexual partners have identifiable high-risk behavior for HIV infection.
  • History of immunodeficiency or chronic illness.
  • Evidence of depression or under treatment for psychiatric problems during the past year.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Immunosuppressive medications.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Blood transfusions or cryoprecipitates within the past 6 months.

Risk Behavior: Excluded:

  • High-risk behavior for HIV infection.
  • History of intravenous drug use.
  • More than one sexual partner in the last 6 months.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00000968


Locations
United States, Missouri
St. Louis Univ. School of Medicine AVEG
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Immuno-US
Investigators
Study Chair: Belshe R
  More Information

Publications:
Keefer MC, Wolff M, Gorse GJ, Graham BS, Corey L, Clements-Mann ML, Verani-Ketter N, Erb S, Smith CM, Belshe RB, Wagner LJ, McElrath MJ, Schwartz DH, Fast P. Safety profile of phase I and II preventive HIV type 1 envelope vaccination: experience of the NIAID AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1997 Sep 20;13(14):1163-77.
Belshe RB, Clements ML, Keefer MC, Graham BS, Corey L, Sposto R, Wescott S, Lawrence D. Interpreting HIV serodiagnostic test results in the 1990s: social risks of HIV vaccine studies in uninfected volunteers. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Group. Ann Intern Med. 1994 Oct 15;121(8):584-9.
Stanhope PE, Clements ML, Siliciano RF. Human CD4+ cytolytic T lymphocyte responses to a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp160 subunit vaccine. J Infect Dis. 1993 Jul;168(1):92-100.
VanCott TC, Bethke FR, Burke DS, Redfield RR, Birx DL. Lack of induction of antibodies specific for conserved, discontinuous epitopes of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein by candidate AIDS vaccines. J Immunol. 1995 Oct 15;155(8):4100-10.
Belshe RB, Clements ML, Dolin R, Graham BS, McElrath J, Gorse GJ, Schwartz D, Keefer MC, Wright P, Corey L, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of a fully glycosylated recombinant gp160 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 vaccine in subjects at low risk of infection. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group Network. J Infect Dis. 1993 Dec;168(6):1387-95.
Gorse GJ, Patel GB, Newman FK, Mandava M, Belshe RB. Recombinant gp160 vaccination schedule and MHC HLA type as factors influencing cellular responses to HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network. Vaccine. 1995 Sep;13(13):1170-9.
Gorse GJ, Rogers JH, Perry JE, Newman FK, Frey SE, Patel GB, Belshe RB. HIV-1 recombinant gp160 vaccine induced antibodies in serum and saliva. The NIAID AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network. Vaccine. 1995 Feb;13(2):209-14.

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000968     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AVEG 004
10543 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
First Submitted: November 2, 1999
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: March 17, 2014
Last Verified: April 2012

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Vaccines, Synthetic
Drug Evaluation
HIV Envelope Protein gp160
AIDS Vaccines
HIV Seronegativity
HIV Preventive Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Vaccinia
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Poxviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Vaccines
Krestin
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Interferon Inducers
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents


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