Studies of the Ocular Complications of AIDS (SOCA)--HPMPC Peripheral CMV Retinitis Trial (HPCRT)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Eye Institute (NEI) Identifier:
First received: September 23, 1999
Last updated: September 16, 2009
Last verified: September 2009

To test and evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous cidofovir (Vistide, previously known as HPMPC) for the treatment of retinitis.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
Drug: Cidofovir
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Eye Institute (NEI):

Study Start Date: April 1994
Study Completion Date: February 1996
Detailed Description:

CMV retinitis is the most common intraocular infection in patients with AIDS and is estimated to affect 35 percent to 40 percent of patients with AIDS. Untreated CMV retinitis is a progressive disorder, the end result of which is total retinal destruction and blindness. As of September 1997, drugs approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of CMV retinitis were ganciclovir (Cytovene), foscarnet (Foscavir), and cidofovir (Vistide). Cidofovir has a prolonged duration of effect permitting intermittent administration. All systemically administered anti-CMV drugs are given in a similar fashion consisting of initial 2-week high-dose treatment (induction) to control the infection followed by long-term lower dose treatment (maintenance) to prevent relapse. Cidofovir is administered as an intravenous infusion once weekly for induction therapy and once every 2 weeks as maintenance therapy. The HPCRT evaluated the efficacy and safety of cidofovir therapy.

The HPCRT was a multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of cidofovir for the treatment of CMV retinitis. Patients with small peripheral CMV retinitis lesions (i.e., not at risk of immediate loss of visual acuity) were randomized to immediate treatment with cidofovir or deferred therapy until the retinitis had progressed 750 ýým. Patients randomized to immediate therapy received either 1) low-dose cidofovir at 5 mg/kg once weekly induction for 2 weeks, followed by 3 mg/kg once every 2 weeks for maintenance or 2) high-dose cidofovir at 5 mg/kg once weekly induction for 2 weeks followed by 5 mg/kg once every 2 weeks for maintenance. Patients whose retinitis progressed were given treatment according to best medical judgement, and those assigned to deferral were generally treated with cidofovir.

Outcomes in this trial included retinitis progression, loss of retinal area, and morbidity.


Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Patients were age 13 years or older with diagnoses of AIDS, according to current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definition, and small peripheral CMV retinitis. Retinitis lesion(s) must have been confined to less than 25 percent of the total area of the retina and confined to the periphery of the retina. Peripheral lesions were those located at least 1,500 um from the margin of the optic disc and 3,000 mm from the center of the fovea (entirely in zone 2 or 3). Patients must have had at least one lesion 750 um or greater in size that could be photographed and the ability to read three or more lines on ETDRS chart at 1 meter (Snellen equivalent of 8/200 or greater) in at least one eye diagnosed with CMV retinitis.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00000142     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NEI-41
Study First Received: September 23, 1999
Last Updated: September 16, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
Cytomegalovirus Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Eye Diseases
Eye Infections
Eye Infections, Viral
Herpesviridae Infections
Retinal Diseases
Virus Diseases processed this record on October 02, 2015