Due to the lapse in government funding, the information on this web site may not be up to date, transactions submitted via the web site may not be processed,
and the agency may not be able to respond to inquiries until appropriations are enacted. Updates regarding government
operating status and resumption of normal operations can be found at opm.gov.
The primary outcome measure is self-reported comfort score based on a visual analogue scale (VAS). Patients will complete a 10-point VAS. Patients will complete a VAS at the time of injection.
On the day of the procedure, bruising at injection sites will be evaluated.
Patients will document in a diary each injection before and after the surgery or invasive procedure. On the day of surgery or procedure abdominal bruising measurement will be obtained. A digital photo will be take of the injection site.
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
November 15, 2005
March 10, 2009
St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
† Study has passed its completion date and status has not been verified in more than two years.