Compassionate Use of MitoGel in Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma
|Study Type:||Expanded Access What is Expanded Access?|
|Official Title:||Individual Patient Expanded Access - MitoGel for Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma|
Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a rare malignant neoplasm arising from the urothelial lining of the renal collecting system and ureters. The current treatment paradigm for UTUC involves endoscopic resection, when technically feasible and oncologically sound, or complete resection of the kidney and ureter (nephroureterectomy) in cases in which organ-sparing treatment is not feasible.
Both organ-sparing and complete resection options present significant technical and clinical challenges. For patients with bilateral disease, an anatomic or functionally solitary kidney, or significant underlying medicorenal disease, treatment with nephroureterectomy would result dialysis dependence, a state which carries with it a significant risk of 5-year mortality in the often elderly and co-morbid patient population affected by UTUC.
MitoGel is a novel investigational product composed of RTGel, a unique hydrogel polymer which exists as liquid at cold temperatures and a viscous gel at body temperatures, and Mitomycin C, a clinically proven safe and effective treatment for urothelial carcinoma in the bladder. MitoGel can be instilled into the upper urinary tract as a cold liquid, where it solidifies to a gel upon warming to body temperature. The agent remains in the upper tract for a period of 4-6 hours, resulting in sustained contact between the tissues and Mitomycin C. Preclinical studies of MitoGel in the Yorkshire swine have demonstrated that both single and serial instillations into the pelvicalyceal system via both retrograde and antegrade approaches are safe, with no observable adverse clinical, laboratory, or histological effects. For these reasons, MitoGel has generated interest as a treatment for UTUC.
For patients with UTUC in whom nephroureterectomy would result in dialysis dependence, and in whom the disease is difficult to manage endoscopically, there is no currently available means to effectively deliver adjuvant chemotherapy to the upper tracts. These patients are thus either condemned to treatment with complete resection of their kidney and resultant hemodialysis, or risk progression of disease to an incurable and unmanageable state. MitoGel represents a promising treatment option for patients who have no other therapeutic options. For these reasons, MitoGel has been granted Orphan Designation Status by the FDA. While clinical trials of MitoGel are currently being planned, no trials are open to date.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of MitoGel in the treatment of UTUC in a human subject with low-grade UTUC which is endoscopically unresectable or rapidly recurring, and in whom nephrectomy would likely result in the need for permanent hemodialysis. The study drug would be obtained under the single patient access program approved by the FDA. The patient would then undergo instillation of MitoGel into the affected kidney. The catheter would be left indwelling in the ureter and would be externalized through a urethral catheter. The ureteral and urethral catheters would remain indwelling for the duration of the 6 treatments, which would occur twice weekly for 3 weeks. Following the final instillation, the catheters would be removed. The patient would then undergo ureteroscopic evaluation at 3 months following the final instillation of MitoGel. The total duration of study would be 3 months. The total number of study patients is 1.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02701023
|Contact: Karim Chamie, M.D.||(310) 794-3513||KChamie@mednet.ucla.edu|
|Contact: Nicholas Donin, M.D.||(310) 794-2858||NDonin@mednet.ucla.edu|
|United States, California|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90024|
|Contact: Karim Chamie, M.D. 310-794-3513 KChamie@mednet.ucla.edu|
|Contact: Donin, M.D. (310) 794-2858 NDonin@mednet.ucla.edu|