Xanamem™ in Healthy Elderly Subjects (XanaHES)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03830762|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2020
Xanamem™ is being developed as a potential drug for Alzheimer's disease. This study drug has been designed to change the cortisol levels in the brain. Cortisol is a naturally occurring hormone in the body. It is believed that reducing the level of cortisol will be a benefit in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
The XanaHES study is testing the safety and tolerability of Xanamem. It is planned to enrol approximately 84 participants, male and female aged from 50 to 75 who are in good health, in the study at 1 centre in Australia.
The XanaHES Phase I study is a single-blind study. Subjects will be randomised to receive either 20mg once daily Xanamem or Placebo in cohort 1. Once all subjects have completed the study treatment of 12 weeks, a dose escalation committee will decide if a new cohort, cohort 2, with 30mg once daily vs placebo is started.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Safety Peripheral Neuropathy Cortisol Central Nervous System Cognitive Function Healthy Ageing Small Fibre Neuropathy Cerebrospinal Fluid Electrocardiography||Drug: Xanamem Drug: Matching Placebo||Phase 1|
This is a Phase I, randomised, single-centre, single-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess the safety, tolerability of oral Xanamem once daily in healthy elderly subjects.
It is planned to randomise approximately 84 subjects, 42 in each cohort, at a single site in Australia.
Cohort 1 starts with a 20mg QD dose vs matching placebo. A Dose Escalation Committee will review the results from cohort 1 and provide a recommendation to proceed with Cohort 2 randomisation which involves a dose escalation to 30mg.
At the Baseline visit (Week 0), eligible subjects will be randomised on a 30:12 ratio to receive either Xanamem administered orally QD (treatment group) or matching placebo (placebo group). Subjects will return to the study site for visits at Week 2, Week 4, Week 6, Week 8, Week 10, End of Treatment (Week 12) and Follow-up (4 weeks post last dose of study drug) visits, at which study assessments will be performed.
Ad hoc telephone contact may also occur at any other time-point throughout the study, if deemed necessary by the investigator/study nurse, or if the subject wishes to report an adverse event (AE).
Subjects will be interviewed and examined at the study site at each visit and will complete a variety of questionnaires, routine safety evaluations and nerve function tests.
A central reader will review every Nerve Function Monitoring (NFM) assessment performed for each subject for Potential Nerve Safety Signals (PNSS).
Optional cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sampling will be performed at baseline and end of treatment visits for a small subgroup of subjects, who provide additional consent. Subjects who do not provide consent for this optional sub-study will still be eligible for the main study.
The overall study duration for an individual subject will be 17 to 20 weeks, including a screening period of up to 4 weeks, a single-blind treatment period of 12 weeks, and a follow-up period of 4 weeks. The total duration of the study is expected to be 1.5 years.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||42 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||A Dose Escalation Committee will review the results from Cohort 1 (20 mg active vs. placebo arms) and provide a recommendation to proceed with Cohort 2 (30 mg active vs. placebo arms) randomisation which involves a dose escalation.|
|Masking Description:||Study treatment is only blinded for the trial subject.|
|Official Title:||XanaHES: A Phase I, Single Blinded, Central Reader Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study of Xanamem™ to Assess Safety and Tolerability in Healthy Elderly Subjects|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 21, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 7, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 7, 2020|
Experimental: Cohort 1 / Cohort 2 (Active)
20mg or 30mg capsules of Xanamem respectively, to be administered PO once daily.
Oral Xanamem capsules 20mg or 30mg, administered PO once daily. Xanamem is formulated in green and cream coloured size 3, Coni-Snap shaped gelatin capsules as an excipient blend at a dose of 10mg. It contains active pharmaceutical ingredient of UE2343.
Other Name: UE2343
Placebo Comparator: Cohort 1 / Cohort 2 (Placebo)
Matching placebo which is identical in appearance to the test product except that it contains no active ingredient, to be administered once daily.
Drug: Matching Placebo
Matching placebo which is identical in appearance to the test product (20mg, 30mg Xanamem™ QD) except that it contains no active ingredient.
Other Name: Placebo
- Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: 20 Weeks (Screening up to Week 16 Follow-Up [4 Weeks Post Last Dose of Study Drug ± 4 Days]) ]The number, type, and severity of treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) that are reported from Screening Visit to Follow-up Visit will be collected and evaluated.
- Incidence of Clinically Significant Changes in Serum Biomarker Levels in a Standard Serum Chemistry Panel [ Time Frame: Screening up to Week 16 (Follow-Up [4 Weeks Post Last Dose of Study Drug ± 4 Days]) ]Collection of blood samples for clinical laboratory testing to assess any clinically significant changes in standard serum chemistry measures.
- Incidence of Clinically Significant Laboratory Haematological Biomarker Levels in a Standard Haematology Panel. [ Time Frame: Screening up to Week 16 (Follow-Up [4 Weeks Post Last Dose of Study Drug ± 4 Days]) ]Collection of blood samples for clinical laboratory testing to assess any clinically significant changes in standard haematology measures.
- Incidence of Clinically Significant Changes or Abnormalities Following Physical Examination [ Time Frame: Screening up to Week 16 (Follow-Up) and Unscheduled Safety Visit throughout duration of study up to Week 16 (Follow-Up Visit [4 Weeks Post Last Dose of Study Drug ± 4 Days]) ]Evaluation of any clinically significant changes or abnormalities reported following a standard Physical Examination.
- Nerve Conduction Assessments [ Time Frame: Screening up to Week 16 (Follow-Up Visit [4 Weeks Post Last Dose of Study Drug ± 4 Days]) ]Nerve Conduction assessments will be used to detect presence and severity of nerve damage.
- Neuropathy Total Symptom Score-6 (NTSS-6) [ Time Frame: Screening, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) and Telephone Contact (Ad Hoc) ]Changes in the Neuropathy Total Symptom Score (NTSS-6) administered by a physician to assess a subjects' medical history. Each item will also be graded for its frequency and intensity, adding up to a total score from "0" to "21.96" points. A total score of > 6 would exclude the subject from the study.
- Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score (TCNS) [ Time Frame: Screening, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) and Telephone Contact (Ad Hoc) ]Changes in Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score (TCNS) to detect for neuropathy out of a total score of 19; scales are defined as follows: 0-5 = no neuropathy; 6-8 = mild neuropathy; 9-11 = moderate neuropathy; ≥ 12 = severe neuropathy.
- Skin Biopsy [ Time Frame: At Baseline and Week 12 (End of Treatment) ]A 3mm skin sample will be taken via skin punch biopsy to detect intra-epidermal nerve fiber density; this allows for the objectification and quantification of a small-fiber neuropathy.
- Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) [ Time Frame: Screening up to Week 16 (Follow-Up Visit [4 Weeks Post Last Dose of Study Drug ± 4 Days]) ]Thermal sensory testing using Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) for cold, warm and heat pain to detect peripheral nerve disorders.
- Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (CSSRS) [ Time Frame: Screening, Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) ]
Any change in Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (CSSRS) will assess suicidal ideation and behaviour.
- Suicidal ideation score: Any score greater than 0 is important and may indicate the need for mental health intervention.
- Suicidal ideation intensity rating: The five intensity item scores create a total score (range 0 to 25) to represent the intensity rating, if the patient did not endorse any suicidal ideation the intensity rating is 0.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) [ Time Frame: Screening up to Week 16 (Follow-Up Visit [4 Weeks Post Last Dose of Study Drug ± 4 Days]) ]Any clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities will be recorded, including corrected QT interval (QTc) of > 500 msec.
- Detection Test (Cogstate Test Battery) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) ]Changes in Cogstate Detection test is a measure of simple reaction time and has been shown to provide a valid assessment of psychomotor function. For this test, the subject must press a "YES" response key as soon as they detect an event (i.e. a card turning face up presented in the centre of the computer screen). The software measures the response time to detect each event.
- Identification Test (Cogstate Test Battery) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) ]Changes in the Cogstate Identification test is a measure of choice reaction time and has been shown to provide a valid assessment of visual attention. In this test an event (a card turning face up) occurs in the centre of the computer screen and the subject must decide "YES" or "NO" as to whether this event meets a predefined and unchanging criterion (is the colour of the card red?). The software measures the speed and accuracy of each response.
- One Back Working Memory Test (Cogstate Test Battery) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) ]Changes in Cogstate the Cogstate One Back memory test is a valid measure of working memory. On this test the subject is shown a single stimulus in the centre of the computer screen (a card turns face up). They must decide "YES" or "NO" as to whether the current card matches the card that had been seen on the immediately previous trial. The software measures the speed and accuracy of each response.
- One Card Learning Test (Cogstate Test Battery) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) ]Changes in Cogstate the One Card Learning test is a continuous visual recognition learning test that assesses visual learning within a pattern separation model. The One Card Learning test has been shown to be a valid test of learning and memory. In this test the participant must attend to the card in the centre of the screen and respond to the question "have you seen this card before in this test?" If the answer was yes, participants are instructed to press the "YES" button, and the "NO" button if the answer is no. Normal playing cards are displayed (without joker cards). In this test, six cards are drawn at random from the deck and are repeated throughout the test. These four cards are interspersed with distractors (non-repeating cards). The test ends after 50 trials, without rescheduling for post-anticipatory correct trials. The primary performance measure for this test is the proportion of correct answers (accuracy), which is normalized using an arcsine square root transformation.
- Continuous Paired Associate Learning Test ([CPAL; Paired Associate Learning] Cogstate Test Battery) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) ]Changes in Cogstate the Continuous Paired Associate Learning test is a measure of visual associate memory and uses a well-validated paired associate learning paradigm in which the subject must learn the locations of a number of amoeba-like shapes on the computer screen. Finding the correct location for all patterns in the set is defined as a learning trial. There are six learning trials. A single trial delayed recall condition is available for this test after a 10-30-minute delay. The software records each move as an error or as a correct move.
- Pharmacokinetics Blood Sample Assessment [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment), Week 16 (Follow-Up) and Unscheduled Safety Visit throughout duration of study up to Follow-Up Visit (4 Weeks Post Last Dose of Study Drug ± 4 Days)] ]Changes in area under the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC). Peripheral pharmacokinetic (PK) blood samples will be taken from all enrolled subjects.
- Cortisol Concentration [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment) and Week 16 (Follow-Up) ]Changes in peripheral cortisol concentration levels with analysis of Pharmacokinetics (PK) blood samples.
- Optional Cerebrospinal Fluid Assessment [ Time Frame: Week 12 (End of Treatment) ]An optional CSF assessment will be offered to willing participants to detect changes in CSF levels from a minimum of 8 enrolled subjects, 4 subjects from each cohort, randomised to active treatment, for those who consent to take part in the CSF sub-study. Two CSF samples will be taken End of Treatment (EOT) at Week 12 visit, one for primary analysis and one sample to be retained for back-up purposes.
- Health Related Quality of Life: EQ-5D-5L [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12 (End of Treatment) and Week 16 (Follow-Up) ]
Overall Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) will be assessed by EuroQoL Health Related Quality of Life-5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L). The EQ-5D-5L is a standardized, participant-rated questionnaire for use as a measure of health outcomes.
The EQ 5D-5L includes 2 components: the EQ-5D-5L descriptive system and the visual analogue scale (VAS). The EQ-5D-5L descriptive system provides a profile of the participant's health state in 5 dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression).
For each dimension, the participant is instructed to choose one of 5 levels that best describes their health on that day: "no problem" (1), "slight" (2), "moderate" (3), "severe" (4), or "unable/extreme" (5). The VAS is the participant's rating of their health on a scale of 0 "worst health you can imagine" to 100 "best health you can imagine".
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03830762
|Australia, Western Australia|
|Linear Clinical Research|
|Perth, Western Australia, Australia, 6009|
|Study Chair:||Bill Ketelbey, MD||Actinogen Medical|