Peer MI for Substance-using Emerging Adults
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03264872|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 29, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 12, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Substance-Related Disorders||Behavioral: Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing Other: Waitlist Control||Phase 2|
This project randomized peer dyads, consisting of one EA (Emerging Adult; 18-29 years old) with a substance use problem (i.e. target client) and one peer, to one of two conditions. In the Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing (PMI) condition, target clients and peers will receive separate one-hour sessions of Motivational Interviewing (MI) , an empirically-supported treatment that helps individuals work through ambivalence about making changes in substance use. MI is thought to work because it is a non-confrontational intervention where a therapist empathetically reviews substance use behaviors, listens empathetically, and reinforces any client statements indicating a desire to change. With the 'peer' of each PMI dyad, the therapist presents peers with data about the extent of the target client's substance use, builds the peer's motivation to help their friend, and teaches the peer communication skills they can use to influence the target client's substance use. In the WC condition, target clients and peers can receive PMI after the study follow-up period. Both target clients and their peers are followed for 12 weeks post-intervention.
The main purpose of this project is to test whether Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing (PMI) results in superior alcohol and marijuana use outcomes for emerging adults (EAs, ages 18-29) and their peers. Ninety peer dyads (total n = 180, ntarget client = 90, npeer = 90) are randomized to receive either Peer-Enhanced Motivational Intervie (PMI) or Waitlist Control (WC).
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||180 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Peer-enhanced Motivational Interviewing for Emerging Adults With Risky Substance Use|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 8, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 1, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 31, 2021|
Experimental: Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing
Both dyad members, the target client and their peer support person, in this Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing arm will receive separate one-hour Motivational Interviewing (MI) sessions with a trained counselor.
Behavioral: Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing
Target clients in this Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing arm will receive separate one-hour Motivational Interviewing (MI) sessions, in which the therapist reviews the target clients substance use behaviors in a non-confrontational manner, listens empathetically, and reinforces any client statements indicating a desire the change. In this arm, the therapist also presents the target client's peer with data about the extent of the target client's substance use, builds the peer's motivation to help their friend, and teaches the peer communication sills they can use to influence the target client's substance use behaviors.
Other: Waitlist Control
After the 12 week follow up period, if subjects in the Waitlist Control group desire to receive the Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing intervention, that will be made available to them.
- GAIN Substance Problem Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline and every 2 weeks during 12 week post-intervention period ]a 16-item scale composed of lifetime symptoms of substance abuse, dependence, and substance-induced health and psychological disorders based on the DSM-IV
- GAIN Substance Frequency Scale (change) [ Time Frame: Baseline and every 2 weeks during 12 week post-intervention period ]The GAIN substance frequency scale (SFS) measures the percent of days of substance use and percent of days of related problems from such substance use. This scale encompasses a large number of classes of substances, found to be ideal for measurement among poly- substance using individuals.
- Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (change) [ Time Frame: Baseline and every 2 weeks during 12 week post-intervention period ]a 23-item self-administered screening tool (questionnaire) for assessing adolescent problem drinking. Respondents simply circle the number that corresponds to the number of times they have experienced each problem. Items can also be read aloud by an interviewer to clients with reading difficulties or it can be used as a springboard for a discussion of problems related to the client's alcohol use.
- Significant Other Behavior Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and every 2 weeks during 12 week post-intervention period ]An instrument measuring the specific social support in terms of the patient's drinking. Assessments of the significant other's behavior in the presence of the patient drinking is provided by both the patient and significant other.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03264872
|Contact: Douglas C Smith, PhDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Catharaine Fairbairn, PhD||(217) email@example.com|
|United States, Illinois|
|School of Social Work||Recruiting|
|Urbana, Illinois, United States, 61801|
|Contact: Douglas C Smith, PhD 217-333-5308 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Douglas C Smith, PhD||University of Illinois Urbana Champaign School of Social Work|