Multisystem and Autonomic Complications of NMD on Long-term NIV
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04100993|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 24, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Neuromuscular Diseases Neurologic Disorder||Other: No intervention used|
Childhood-onset neuromuscular and neurological disorders (NMD) are a diverse group of rare conditions in which muscle function is significantly impaired. Due to progress in NMD management over recent decades, particularly the use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) to treat chronic respiratory failure, many individuals are surviving into adulthood and even middle age. However, older individuals are developing potentially fatal complications related to the heart e.g. sudden cardiac death, gastrointestinal (GI) tract and increasing dependence on NIV.
Previous studies largely in children and adolescents suggest individuals with NMD may develop problems of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), a network of nerves vital to controlling the body's short-term responses to internal and external stimuli. It is likely some complications of NMD are related to ANS abnormalities.
This will be an exploratory observational study using a cross-sectional design in which non-invasive tools will be used to evaluate autonomic function during wake and sleep. Individuals over 16 years of age with a confirmed NMD diagnosis will be recruited. Derived parameters of autonomic function including heart rate variability will be compared to values from an exploratory reference group of age- and sex-matched healthy adults. Autonomic function will also be correlated to measures of symptom burden, complications, quality of life and disease severity. Qualitative methods will be used to further evaluate the experience and perceptions of adults with NMD in making decisions about their personal and medical care, which become more complex with increasing age and disease severity.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||80 participants|
|Official Title:||Growing up on Non-invasive Ventilation: Assessment of Multisystem and Autonomic Complications of Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders in Young Adults|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||September 24, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 6, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 6, 2021|
60 participants ≥16 years of age with a confirmed diagnosis of a childhood-onset NMD
Other: No intervention used
No intervention used
Exploratory reference group
20 healthy adults ≥16 years of age
Other: No intervention used
No intervention used
- Heart rate variability (HRV) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]HRV will be analysed in time and frequency domains from short-term (5 minute) artefact free ECG recordings. Normal parameters will be determined from an age- and sex-matched exploratory reference group of healthy adults.
- Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]BRS will be analysed in time and frequency domains from short-term (5 minute) artefact free blood pressure recordings. Normal parameters will be determined from an age- and sex-matched exploratory reference group of healthy adults. This will be measured only in the patient participant group.
- Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale 31 questionnaire [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale 31 questionnaire (COMPASS 31) is a validated questionnaire for quantitative assessment of autonomic symptoms, based on the original Autonomic Symptom Profile. The 31 questions are divided into seven domains (orthostatic intolerance, vasomotor, secretomotor, gastrointestinal, bladder and pupillomotor). The raw score from each domain is multiplied by a weight index to give a total score with a maximum score of 100 (minimum score 0). Higher scores indicate greater symptom burden.
- Sydney Swallow Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 1 day ]The Sydney Swallow Questionnaire (SSQ) is a validated self-reported inventory of 17 questions measuring symptomatic severity of oral-pharyngeal dysphagia using 16 visual analogue scales (VAS) and one question scored on a Likert scale (0-5) to rate swallowing difficulty and symptoms of dysphagia and aspiration in a range of situations. Each VAS measures 100mm; the raw scores from these are added to the weighted score of the additional question to make the total possible raw score 1700 when the scores are added. Higher scores indicate greater symptom burden. This will be measured only in the patient participant group.
- The European Quality of Life - 5 Dimensions questionnaire [ Time Frame: 1 day ]The European Quality of Life - 5 Dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L) is a standardised instrument developed by the EuroQol Group as a measure of health-related quality of life that can be used in a wide range of health conditions and treatments. The EQ-5D-5L consists of a descriptive system comprising five dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression, each with 5 levels of severity. An EQ visual analogue scale then asks patients how they feel on the day of the visit. A unique health state is defined by sequentially combining the indicated level in each of the 5 dimensions. This will be measured only in the patient participant group.
- Patient Assessment of Constipation Symptoms questionnaire [ Time Frame: 1 day ]The Patient Assessment of Constipation Symptoms questionnaire (PAC-SYM) is a symptom inventory which measures specific symptoms of constipation in adults. It consists of a 12-item measure of patient's experience of symptoms and symptom severity. The score of each question is given equal weight and domain and total scores can be calculated by summing the relevant scores and dividing by the number of non-missing items. This will be measured only in the patient participant group.
- Individualized Neuromuscular Quality of Life Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 1 day ]The Individualized Neuromuscular Quality of Life Questionnaire (INQoL) is a validated muscle disease specific measure use to assess health-related quality of life of adult patients with acquired or congenital neuromuscular diseases, developed from the experiences of patients with muscle disease. It consists of 45 questions within 10 sections. Four sections focus on the impact of key muscle disease symptoms; five assess at the degree and importance of impact muscle disease has on particular areas of life; one section asks about positive and negative effects of treatment. The questionnaire allows for variations in individual characteristics that influence quality of life. The scoring of the INQoL generates a profile and combining weighted scores of each domain produces a total score from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicate greater impact of disease. This will be measured only in the patient participant group.
- Severe Respiratory Insufficiency quality of life tool [ Time Frame: 1 day ]The severe Respiratory Insufficiency quality of life tool (SRI)is a validated questionnaire assessing health-related quality of life in patients with respiratory failure on home ventilation. It consists of seven subscales covering 49 items rated on a 5-point Likert scale: respiratory complaints, physical functioning, attendant symptoms and sleep, social relationships, anxiety, psychological wellbeing and social functioning. After transformation and weighting of raw scores, a total score between 0 and 100 is calculated. Higher values indicate a better health-related quality of life. This will be measured only in the patient participant group.
- Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]The best of 3 attempts obtained through standard Spirometric assessment will be used to obtain FEV1 (L) in the patient participant group.
- Forced Expiratory Volume (FVC) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]The best of 3 attempts obtained through standard Spirometric assessment will be used to obtain FVC (L) in the patient participant group.
- Ratio of FEV1/FVC [ Time Frame: 1 day ]The values obtained from standard Spirometric assessment will be used to determine FEV1/FVC ratio in the patient participant group.
- Peak cough flow [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Using a standard peak flow meter, peak cough flow will be recorded in L/min the patient participant group.
- Sniff nasal inspiratory pressure [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) in each nostril will be recorded in the patient participant group.
- Brain natriuretic peptide [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Serological brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) will be obtained through venepuncture in the patient participant group.
- Troponin-I [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Serological troponin will be obtained through venepuncture in the patient participant group.
- Arterialised blood gas tensions [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Standard blood gas tensions will be obtained from earlobe puncture in the patient participant group.
- Colon transit study [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Single abdominal x-ray to evaluate number of retained radiopaque markers 5-days after oral ingestion in the patient participant group.
- Themes describing patient perceptions of experiences and needs in complex clinical and non-clinical decision making [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]Inductive thematic analysis of individual interviews to provide qualitative data in the patient participant group.
- Weight [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Measured using calibrated scales in kilograms
- Height [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Measured using calibrated scales in centimetres
- Body Mass Index [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Calculated using the formula BMI = weight(kg)/[height(m)]2
- Nocturnal transcutaneous carbon dioxide [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Nocturnal transcutaneous carbon dioxide will be measured overnight in kilopascals (kPa)
- Cardiac function [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Standard transthoracic echocardiogram will be performed in the patient participant group to assess cardiac function
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04100993
|Contact: Lydia A Spurr, MBBS BMedSci||0207 352 email@example.com|
|Contact: Patrik Pettersson||0207 352 8121 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Royal Brompton Hospital||Not yet recruiting|
|London, United Kingdom, SW3 6HP|
|Contact: Lydia A Spurr, MBBS BMedSci 0207 352 8121 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Anita K Simonds, MD MBBS|
|Sub-Investigator: Martin R Cowie, MD MSc|
|Sub-Investigator: Mary Morrell, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Kinesh Patel, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Anita K Simonds, MD MBBS||Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust|