The Study of microRNA 107 (miRNA 107) and Beta-amyloid Precursor Protein-cleaving Enzyme 1 (BACE1) Messenger Ribonucleic Acid (mRNA) Gene Expression in Cerebrospinal Fluid and Peripheral Blood of Alzheimer's Disease
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01819545
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2014 by Shanghai Mental Health Center. Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : March 27, 2013
Last Update Posted : February 19, 2014
Shanghai Mental Health Center
Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission
The miRNA 107 gene is increasingly appreciated to serve key functions in humans. The miRNA regulate gene expression involved in cell division, metabolism, stress response, and angiogenesis in vertebrate species. But the relationship and diagnosis capability of miRNA 107 and BACE1 mRNA gene expression in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and normal control is still a mystery.
Condition or disease
The Real-Time PCR was the main method in the research.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
60 Years to 90 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
the subjects were collected from Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Center, ADRDC) and the of Shanghai Changning district, Huangpu district and Putuo district.
Probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) was diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria and the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorder's Association (NINCDS/ADRDA) criteria.
AMCI was diagnosed based on the following criteria (Petersen et al., 2001): 1) memory complaint, preferably corroborated by a spouse or relative, 2) objective memory impairment, 3) normal general cognitive function, 4) intact activities of daily living, and 5) absence of dementia. We have amended the aMCI diagnostic criteria of the Petersen Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) cut-off score in order to be consistent with the low level of education in elderly Chinese people. Research (mingyuan Zhang et al, 1988) found that with the Chinese version of MMSE, AD subjects who had not been educated (NO ED) exhibited MMSE scores of <18, those with elementary school education exhibited MMSE scores of <21, and those with higher than middle school education exhibited MMSE scores of <25. In the present study, the aMCI analysis was carried out on NO ED subjects with MMSE cut-off scores of over 18, elementary school educated subjects with MMSE cut-off scores of over 21, and higher than middle school educated subject with MMSE cut-off scores of over 25.
The cognitively-normal elderly formed the normal control (NC) group, was independently-functioning community dwellers with no neurological or psychiatric conditions.
All participants underwent a screening process that included a review of their medical history, physical and neurological examinations, laboratory tests, and MRI analysis. The clinical assessment of mild cognitive impairment or dementia included neuropsychological tests, as well as behavioral and psychiatric interviews conducted by the attending psychiatrist. AD patients recorded scores of < 4 on the Hachinski Ischemia Scale and showed no history of significant systemic or psychiatric conditions, or traumatic brain injuries that could compromise brain function.