Efficacy of Symbiotic in the Reduction of Acute Radiation Proctitis Symptoms
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01901042|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 17, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 17, 2013
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Radiation Proctitis Prostate Cancer||Dietary Supplement: Symbiotic Dietary Supplement: Maltodextrin||Phase 2 Phase 3|
This is a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The study included consecutively 20 patients referred for treatment of prostate cancer using three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-RCT). All patients who agreed to participate signed an informed consent form. The exclusion criteria used in this study were: a patient's refusal to participate in the research and history of surgery involving the rectum or inflammatory bowel disease Patients were randomly assigned to receive sachets containing either a symbiotic product in powder form containing 4.3 g of dietary fiber and Lactobacillus reuteri in a concentration greater than 1.0 x 108 colony forming units (CFU), with five grams per sachet (Fibermais Flora Nestlé Brazil) (symbiotic group) or maltodextrin (5g) with identical casing and identical aspect of the symbiotic group. All subjects were instructed to dilute one sachet in a glass of water and drink once a day during the week before the beginning of radiotherapy sessions, increasing the dose to two sachets daily after the beginning of the sessions.
EORTC QLQ-PRT23 questionnaire Each participant answered the questions of the EORTC QLQ-PRT23 questionnaire before the beginning of radiotherapy and immediately after the first, second, third and fourth weeks of treatment. The questions were always asked by an examiner blinded to the study design and type of treatment used. The EORTC QLQ-PRT23 questionnaire, originally developed in English, was translated into Portuguese following the protocol described at the EORTC Translation Procedure : The sum of points obtained by each patient through the first 21 questions of the EORTC QLQ-PRT23 was recorded. All these 21 questions received a number of points according to the intensity of each symptom or problem during the previous week, as follows: - "Not at all" = 1 point; "A little" = 2 points; "Quite a bit" = 3 points; and "Very much" = 4 points.
Radiotherapy protocol A total dose of 66-76 Gy during 6-8 weeks was programmed for each individual. Patients were followed-up until the fourth week of radiotherapy and the cumulative dose of radiation was compared weekly between the two groups. Each patient was scheduled to receive a dose of two grays (Gy) per day, from Monday to Friday with weekend interval, totaling 10 Gy per week and 40 Gy after the 4th week of treatment. The irradiated rectal volume after an accumulated dose of 40 Gy was compared between the two groups using dose-volume histograms and presented in percentages of the rectal volume which received 10 Gy (V10), 20 Gy (V20), 30 Gy (V30), and 40 Gy (V40).
Outcome variables The endpoints of the study were the intensity of the gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life. All patients were scored with the sum of questions from 1 to 21 to represent both gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life; and the sum of the scores obtained with questions numbered from 1 to 15, which refer only to gastrointestinal symptoms. Presence of blood in stools and tenesmus intensity were also assessed according to the score described above and used in the questionnaire. It was also recorded the maximum number of evacuations that each patient had over a period of 24 hours each week.
Statistical analysis For the calculation of the sample, it was estimated that the symbiotic group would present a median of four points lower than the score of the placebo group over four weeks. A total of twenty patients (10 in each group) was calculated considering an error alpha of 1% and a beta error of 90%. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows 9.0 was used for statistical analysis. A level of 5% (p <0,05) was established for significance. Fischer's test or chi-square test was used for categorical variables. For continuous data, we used the Mann-Whitney or Student's t according to the homogeneity (Levene test) and normality (Kolgomorov-Smirnov test) data. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to analyze the responses obtained by the EORTC QLQ-PRT23 questionnaire.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||20 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Double (Participant, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||Efficacy of Symbiotic in the Reduction of Acute Radiation Proctitis Symptoms. A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial|
|Study Start Date :||January 2012|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 2012|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 2012|
Patients in this group received sachets with a symbiotic product in powder form containing 4.3 g of dietary fiber and Lactobacillus reuteri in a concentration greater than 1.0 x 108 colony forming units (CFU), with five grams per sachet (Fibermais Flora Nestlé Brazil).
Dietary Supplement: Symbiotic
Sachets with a symbiotic product in powder form containing 4.3 g of dietary fiber and Lactobacillus reuteri in a concentration greater than 1.0 x 108 colony forming units (CFU), with five grams per sachet (Fibermais Flora Nestlé Brazil).
Other Name: FiberMais Flora (Nestlé, Brazil)
Placebo Comparator: Maltodextrin
patients in this group received sachets five grams of maltodextrin per sachet with identical casing and identical aspect to the product of the other arm group, and were instructed to proceed in the same way as those of the symbiotic group
Dietary Supplement: Maltodextrin
Control patients will receive sachets containing maltodextrin
Other Name: Placebo supplement
- Changes in gastrointestinal symptoms [ Time Frame: once a week during five weeks ]Patients responded to a questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-PRT23)on their gastrointestinal symptoms every week during five weeks. One week before and four weeks during their radiotherapy program we looked at the changing in gastrointestinal symptoms
- Changes in quality of life [ Time Frame: once a week during five weeks ]Patients responded to a questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-PRT23)on their quality of life every week during five weeks. One week before and four weeks during their radiotherapy program we looked at changing in quality of life
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01901042
|Principal Investigator:||JOSE E AGUILAR-NASCIMENTO, MD, PhD||Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul|