Metabolic and Neural Adaptations to Weight Loss, Plateau, and Regain
- Many people can lose weight by changing their diet or exercise. However, most people eventually regain the weight over time. This weight regain may be related to changes in metabolism as well as changes in the brain caused by weight loss. Researchers want to learn more about these changes.
- To see how weight loss and regain affects the body s metabolism and the brain of obese but healthy adults.
- Obese but healthy adults age 18-55 who plan to participate in a weight loss program at one of several participating clinics or resorts.
- Participants will first be screened at home through questionnaires and telephone interviews.
- Participants will then be screened at the NIH with blood tests, medical history, physical exam, electrocardiograms, and questionnaires. They will have a mock magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.
- At visit 1, participants will stay at the NIH and will:
- have MRI and PET brain scans.
- have body composition scans and measurements.
- give blood samples.
- eat a special diet.
- wear a physical activity monitor.
- provide a urine sample and body weight daily.
- drink a special type of water to measure calorie burn.
- wear a clear plastic hood over their head while lying down, to collect exhaled air.
- spend 24 hours in a room that measures oxygen and carbon dioxide.
- complete questionnaires and computer tasks.
- After visit 1, participants will give daily urine samples and weight and physical activity measurements from home. Then they will follow a lifestyle intervention for weight loss and give daily weight and activity measurements.
- Visits 2, 3, and 4 occur 1-26 months after the start of the weight loss program. Participants will repeat procedures from visit 1. Visits 1-4 last 4 days each.
- Researchers will track participants weight and physical activity for up to 26 months after visit 2.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Metabolic and Neural Adaptations to Weight Loss, Plateau, and Regain|
- To measure metabolic and neural adaptations after 4-12 weeks, 6-10 months, and 22-26 months following the start of a lifestyle intervention resulting in weight loss. [ Time Frame: ongoing ]
- To determine whether the degree of metabolic or neural adaptation at 4-12 weeks is correlated with the weight plateau at 6-10 months or the rate of weight regain in the subsequent months. [ Time Frame: ongoing ]
- To investigate changes in circulating hormone and metabolites that correlate with metabolic and neural adaptations as well as changes in appetitive behaviors following a lifestyle intervention resulting in weight loss. [ Time Frame: ongoing ]
|Study Start Date:||July 21, 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 31, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 31, 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Lifestyle interventions can result in weight loss, but most people experience a plateau after 6-10 months when weight stabilizes and many subsequently regain weight over the subsequent months. This pattern of weight plateau and regain is typical and appears to be independent of the lifestyle intervention used. The apparent resistance to further weight loss in not well understood.
We recently demonstrated that participants engaged in an intensive intervention employing caloric restriction and vigorous exercise had a profound slowing of metabolism that was significantly greater than expected due to weight loss alone. This phenomenon is called metabolic adaptation and has also been observed following weight loss through caloric restriction without exercise and may persist long after weight loss has ceased. Metabolic adaptation has been hypothesized to limit weight loss and predispose individuals to weight regain, but this has yet to be demonstrated and the concept is controversial. In addition to the metabolic adaptations to weight loss, the brain also adapts in ways that enhance the activation of reward regions in response to palatable food cues and their receipt. In particular, the brain s dopamine circuitry is believed to be altered in obesity and it is presently unclear how this pathway responds to a weight loss intervention in humans.
The primary aims of this study are to investigate the metabolic and neural adaptations in 60 obese adult volunteers participating in lifestyle interventions resulting in weight loss through a structured meal replacement program or caloric restriction plus vigorous exercise. The secondary aim is to determine whether the magnitude of metabolic adaptation or the changes in the brain s reward circuitry or responsiveness to food cues are related to the ubiquitous weight loss plateau after 6-10 months or the rate of weight regain in the subsequent months.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02199483
|Contact: Lilian V Howard, C.R.N.P.||(301) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Kevin Hall, Ph.D.||(301) email@example.com|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Not yet recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL) 800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Kevin Hall, Ph.D.||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|