Trial record 2 of 32 for:    coenzyme Q10 AND mitochondrial

Aneuploidy Rates in Advanced Maternal Age Patients Supplemented With Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) Versus Those That Are Not: a Pilot Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02119117
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Reproductive Endocrinology Associates of Charlotte

Brief Summary:

Pregnancy rates for women over 35 years old are significantly lower when compared to younger women. One of the causes for this decrease is believed to be chromosomal aneuploidy. Chromosomal aneuploidy is a natural phenomena and occurs in women of every age and has been implicated in spontaneous miscarriages, and preimplantation embryo wastage (Hassold and Hunt, 2001).

As maternal age increases, so too does the incidence of chromosomal aneuploidy. Embryo quality from older patients undergoing IVF tends to be reduced and associated with higher rates of chromosomal abnormalities when compared to good quality embryos (Munne et al., 1995).

Chromosomal aneuploidy derives from the improper segregation of chromosomes during preimplantation development. The process of segregation, or mitosis, includes synthesis of the complete genome, equal division of chromosomes to opposite poles by the spindle apparatus, and separation of the two cells by cytokinesis, yielding two chromosomally identical cells. The entire process of cellular and genetic replication requires energy in the form of adenosine tri phosphate (ATP). ATP is mainly produced in mitochondria in the process known as the electron transport chain (ETC). There are many important molecules required for ATP production, CoQ10 can act as the appropriate carrier of electrons through the ETC. When a deficiency in CoQ10 is present, ATP production is decreased resulting in aneuploidy (Bentov et al., 2013). Similarly, research has shown that chromosome alignment and spindle formation are affected by mtDNA copy number (Ge et al., 2012). It has also been shown that the transfer of ooplasm from young, healthy oocyte donors into oocytes of women with repeated embryonic failure has result in children with subsequent mitochondrial heteroplasmy (Cohen et al., 1998).

CoQ10 concentrations have been shown to decrease as age increases (Bentov et al., 2011). Consequently, the decrease in CoQ10 concentrations seen in older women may cause an increase in chromosomal aneuploidy in subsequent embryos (Bentov et al., 2013). In this pilot study, we test the hypothesis that the supplementation of CoQ10 prior to an IVF cycle can increase mitochondrial DNA activity and possibly decrease chromosomal aneuploidy in AMA patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mitochondrial DNA Aneuploidy Dietary Supplement: CoQ10 Dietary Supplement: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Brief Summary

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Blastocyst Aneuploidy Rates From Advanced Maternal Age Patients Supplemented With Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) Versus Those That Are Not: a Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: sugar pill
Group 2 will receive a placebo of CoQ10
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
This is a placebo which will be administered daily to the patient for 3 months prior to IVF.

Experimental: CoQ10
Patients will be divided into 2 groups. Group 1 will be treated with an oral supplement, 125 mg/twice daily of CoQ10 (NeoQ10, Theralogix, Rockville, Maryland, USA) for 3 months prior to IVF. This dosage will equate to a Cmax of 6.89 ug/ml (Liu and Artmann, 2009).
Dietary Supplement: CoQ10
This is a dietary supplement which will be administered daily to the patient for 3 months prior to IVF

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Embryo mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) [ Time Frame: mtDNA levels will be assesed from day 5 or day 6 blastocysts ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. preimplantation chromosomal aneuploidy [ Time Frame: aneuploidy rates will be measured utilizing SNP array from day 5 and day 6 blastocysts ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   36 Years to 42 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 36-42 years old
  2. Must present with an AMH level ≤2.0 ng/mL
  3. 1st cycle of IVF treatment
  4. Antral follicle count >5 and <20

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. BMI >39
  2. Active smoker
  3. Blood serum baseline level of CoQ10 ≥2.20 µg/mL
  4. Prior use of CoQ10
  5. Type II diabetes mellitus

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02119117

United States, North Carolina
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28207
Sponsors and Collaborators
Reproductive Endocrinology Associates of Charlotte
Principal Investigator: Jack L Crain, MD Reproductive Endocrinology Associates of Charlotte

Responsible Party: Reproductive Endocrinology Associates of Charlotte Identifier: NCT02119117     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: REACh-002
First Posted: April 21, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Keywords provided by Reproductive Endocrinology Associates of Charlotte:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Chromosome Aberrations
Pathologic Processes
Coenzyme Q10
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs