Improvised Music to Enhance Intensive Interaction Version 1
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03188016|
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Unfavourable ethical opinion, principally on grounds of inadequate sample size)
First Posted : June 15, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 3, 2018
The project will investigate the effectiveness of a specialised musical-clinical approach used as an adjunct to an established non-musical intervention in the enhancement of interpersonal interaction.
6 school pupils with profound disability will be randomly allocated to experimental and control groups. The control group will receive only Intensive Interaction for 16 sessions. The experimental group will receive four sessions of Intensive Interaction, followed by twelve sessions of Intensive Interaction plus improvised music. Music therapists will follow a flexible manual written to ensure that their music supports the interaction between pupil and learning support assistant (LSA) without direct social interaction with either.
Changes in capacity for interpersonal interaction will be assessed by a standardised assessment instrument, the Pre-Verbal Communication Schedule (PVCS), administered to both experimental and control groups before the 1st session and after the 16th session.
There will also be a qualitative process study of the experimental group conducted by video observation by the researchers involved.
The project is funded in equal shares by the Music Therapy Charity and Beacon Hill Academy.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Child Development Disorders, Specific Developmental Communication Disorders||Behavioral: Intensive Interaction with Music Behavioral: Standard Intensive Interaction||Not Applicable|
This is a small feasibility study to be conducted at a single research site, a special school for sensory and physical needs. The study is intended both to trial the research methodology and to estimate the effect size likely to be found if a larger study were carried out.
Intensive Interaction is a form of behavioural intervention developed by Nind and Hewett and extensively practised in schools and other institutions caring for people with profound intellectual disability who require special support in order to develop (non-verbal) interpersonal communication. Whilst the term Intensive Interaction can describe the attitude and behavioural style of staff throughout their contact with subjects, it can also, as in this study, refer to specific scheduled times in which the approach is adopted by staff with individual pupils or service users.
The subjects of this study are among those for whom Intensive Interaction is most beneficial, as assessed by the speech and language therapist at the research site. As these pupils would normally receive this intervention on account of their assessed needs, Intensive Interaction is designated the 'active comparator' (otherwise known as 'treatment as usual').
Since in the experimental condition two staff support each subject simultaneously, there is a need to distinguish effects attributable to the additional music from those attributable to the behaviour of the primary interactors. By treating Intensive Interaction as the active comparator it is hoped any effects of added music may be isolated.
Improvised music is in this study being trialed as an adjunctive therapy to Intensive Interaction. Previous research suggests that music improvised music therapist can under certain conditions facilitate the development of interpersonal interaction between subject and support worker. To replicate the conditions under which the previous study found this to be the case, the musical intervention has been manualised to guide the 2 music therapists who will provide the improvised supportive music. They will add music from session 5 of a total of 16, having observed the progress of Intensive Interaction without music during the first 4 sessions in order to make a detailed assessment of needs and how music might meet them.
A standardised assessment instrument, the Pre-Verbal Communication Schedule (PVCS), will be administered before each subject's first session of Intensive Interaction, and again after her/his 16th session to obtain a global view of non-verbal communicative behaviour. Pre- and post-test scores will be compared. The theoretical basis of both Intensive Interaction and the specific use of adjunctive improvised music is primarily affective, but it is important that any benefits should also be detectable in functional terms, hence the choice of PVCS rather than a more affectively orientated measure.
Additionally, qualitative data on the therapeutic process will be extracted from post-session notes and observations of video recordings of the sessions by those involved in the work with each participant.
Should the effectiveness of the specialised musical-clinical approach be supported by the results, a larger study could then establish the approach as an additional psycho-social resource for developing the interpersonal interaction skills of those with profound intellectual disability. The approach requires a modest level of additional training for a registered music therapist, but no additional qualification.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||0 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Homogenous group randomly split into experimental and control groups to receive same number and duration of treatments|
|Masking:||Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Masking Description:||Participants are effectively masked since their parents/carers giving consent on their behalf will be masked regarding which arm their children are assigned to. (Participants themselves lack intellectual capacity to understand or consent to study participation)|
|Official Title:||Feasibility Study: Improvised Music to Enhance the Effectiveness of Intensive Interaction in Developing Interpersonal Communication of Profoundly Intellectually Disabled Children and Young People|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||October 23, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||March 2, 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 1, 2018|
Experimental: Intensive Interaction with music
Weekly Intensive Interaction (Nind & Hewett) from a trained support worker plus music improvised by a music therapist with the aim of enhancing child - support worker interaction
Behavioral: Intensive Interaction with Music
Intensive Interaction is a form of non-verbal communicative behaviour performed by a support worker to encourage and develop spontaneous communicative behaviour by the treatment subject, for which support workers are prepared by a speech and language therapist. The music in the intervention is live music improvised by a (UK) registered music therapist present in the room with treatment subject and support worker, who watches but does not participate socially in their interactions, and who develops musical input to encourage and enhance those interactions.
Active Comparator: Standard Intensive Interaction
Weekly Intensive Interaction (Nind & Hewett) from a trained support worker
Behavioral: Standard Intensive Interaction
Intensive Interaction is a form of non-verbal communicative behaviour performed by a support worker to encourage and develop spontaneous communicative behaviour by the treatment subject, for which support workers are prepared by a speech and language therapist.
- Pre-Verbal Communication Schedule [ Time Frame: 16 weeks between baseline measurement and outcome measurement ]A multi-element questionnaire administered face to face by a trained administrator to those most familiar with the subject (normally the parents/carers) to obtain a profile of communicative capacity and its application in all domains and an overall score. In this study those completing the questionnaire will be those staff most familiar with each participant (excluding those administering the experimental or control intervention.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03188016
|Beacon Hill Academy|
|South Ockendon, Essex, United Kingdom, RM15 5AY|
|Principal Investigator:||John BA Strange, PhD||Voluntary research contract to Beacon Hill Academy|