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Trial record 5 of 7 for:    aquestive

Study of Diazepam Buccal Film Administered in the Interictal and in the Ictal-Periictal States to Adults With Epilepsy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03179891
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 7, 2017
Results First Posted : September 18, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
inVentiv Health Clinical
Covance
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aquestive Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This Phase 2 open-label, two-way study was conducted in adult subjects with epilepsy who were on stable regimens of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) and who were admitted to an Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU), General Clinical Research Center (GCRC), or similar facility for evaluation of their seizures. All subjects received a single DBF 12.5 mg dose during the Interictal State and a single DBF 12.5 mg dose during the Ictal/peri-ictal state with at least 14 days washout between the 2 doses.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Epilepsy Drug: Diazepam Buccal Film 12.5 mg Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This was a Phase 2 multicenter, open-label, two-way study conducted in adult subjects to assess the bioavailability, pharmacokinetics, and safety of DBF during the Interictal Period and during the Ictal/peri-ictal Period, with a minimum of 14 days of washout between periods. Subjects had a clinical diagnosis of epilepsy (with generalized tonic-clonic seizures or focal seizures with impaired awareness) who were on stable regimens of anti-epileptic drugs and were scheduled for admission to an EMU, GCRC, or similar facility for evaluation.

All subjects were to receive a single 12.5-mg dose of study drug, without regard to meals, during both Interictal Period and Ictal/peri-ictal Period. The treatment was identical for both periods. Treatment sequence was not randomized. The interictal period and ictal/peri-ictal could occur in either order as determined by seizure occurrence.

Interictal Period: Subjects were considered to be in an interictal state if an interval of at least 3 hours had elapsed since any clinically observable postictal signs or symptoms (from the last observed seizure) and the subject had been seizure-free over this period. Subjects on electroencephalogram (EEG) video monitoring were to be considered to be in an interictal state if an interval of at least 3 hours had elapsed since there were any postictal electrical findings on EEG.

Ictal/peri-ictal Period: For the purposes of this study, the ictal state was defined as an ongoing clinically observable seizure or seizure activity as verified via EEG. The periictal state was defined clinically as the subject's immediate postictal state following a generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizure or focal seizure with impaired awareness, and within 5 minutes following the last clonic jerk. For subjects on EEG video monitoring, the periictal state was to be defined as less than 5 minutes after cessation of seizure activity as verified via EEG.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 35 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This was a multicenter, open-label study comprised of 2 treatment periods with a minimum 14 days washout between the 2 treatment periods.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Open Label, Crossover Study to Assess the Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Diazepam Buccal Soluble Film (DBSF) in Adult Subjects With Epilepsy
Actual Study Start Date : May 25, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 25, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : December 21, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Epilepsy
Drug Information available for: Diazepam

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Interictal Period
All subjects received 12.5 mg DBF during the interictal state.
Drug: Diazepam Buccal Film 12.5 mg
All subjects received a single dose of DBF 12.5 mg during the interictal state and during the ictal/peri-ictal state with at least 14 days washout between the 2 treatment periods
Other Name: DBF 12.5mg

Experimental: Ictal/Peri-ictal Period
All subjects received 12.5 mg DBF during the ictal/peri-ictal state.
Drug: Diazepam Buccal Film 12.5 mg
All subjects received a single dose of DBF 12.5 mg during the interictal state and during the ictal/peri-ictal state with at least 14 days washout between the 2 treatment periods
Other Name: DBF 12.5mg




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tmax Pharmacokinetic EndPoints [ Time Frame: -2 to 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24, 48, 96, 144, 192, 240 hours ]
    Observed time to reach maximum drug concentration (Tmax)

  2. Cmax Pharmacokinetic EndPoints [ Time Frame: -2 to 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24, 48, 96, 144, 192, 240 hours ]
    Observed Peak Drug Concentration (Cmax)

  3. Area Under the Plasma Concentration Curve Pharmacokinetic EndPoints [ Time Frame: -2 to 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24, 48, 96, 144, 192, 240 hours ]
    Area under the Plasma Concentration -time curve from time zero until the last measured time (AUC0-t)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Usability Endpoint - Successful Insertion/Placement of the Diazepam Buccal Film (DBF) on First Attempt [ Time Frame: Subject was observed for 15 minutes after initial film placement/adhesion ]

    Number of subjects with unsuccessful insertion/placement of the DBF on first attempt at administration Number of subjects with successful insertion/placement of the DBF on first attempt at administration

    Placement is judged to be successful when film adheres to the center of buccal mucosa of either right or left cheek.

    Unsuccessful placements were followed by a subsequent successful insertion/placement of DBF


  2. Usability Endpoint: Swallowing the Film Before Complete Disintegration/Dissolution [ Time Frame: Subject was observed for 15 minutes immediately following DBF placement/adhesion ]

    Was the film noted to have been swallowed by the subject ? Yes No

    Subjects were instructed to swallow any remnants of film still present in oral cavity 15 minutes after initial film placement.

    Results include subjects who swallowed film at any point during the 15 minutes immediately after initial film placement.


  3. Usability Endpoint: Retention of Diazepam Buccal Film (DBF) From Placement to Complete Disintegration [ Time Frame: Subject was observed for 15 minutes immediately following DBF placement/adhesion ]
    Was the DBF spit out or blown out by the subject after placement on buccal mucosa or did the subject chew, talk, or move the DBF prior to complete disintegration/dissolution? Yes No

  4. Usability Endpoint: Exit of Saliva During the Time the Diazepam Buccal Film (DBF) Was Adhered to Buccal Mucosa [ Time Frame: Subject was observed for 15 minutes immediately following DBF placement/adhesion ]
    The observer documented if any saliva was seen to exit the mouth during the time the DBF was adhered to buccal mucosa

  5. Usability Endpoint: Amount of Saliva That Exited the Mouth After Film Placement [ Time Frame: Subject was observed for 15 minutes immediately following DBF placement/adhesion ]
    If Yes - saliva exited the mouth during the time, estimate in milliliters of the amount of saliva that exited the mouth after DBF placement on the buccal surface



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Potential subjects meeting all of the following criteria may be included in the study:

  1. Subjects scheduled for admission to the institution's EMU, GCRC (General Clinical Research Center) or similar facility for evaluation within 28 days.
  2. Male and female subjects between 18 to 65 years of age, inclusive.
  3. Subjects having a body weight of ≥ 40 kg to 111 kg.
  4. Subjects have a clinical diagnosis of epilepsy and are scheduled to be admitted to an Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) for extracranial video-Electroencephalogram (EEG) recording of a seizure event for evaluation of their epilepsy.
  5. Subjects have an average frequency of > 1 seizure every 3 days or > 10 seizures / month as documented by seizure diaries dispensed at the Screening Visit and verified prior to initiation of Period A or Period B.
  6. Female subjects have a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening. Female subjects of childbearing potential (i.e., not surgically sterile or 2 years postmenopausal) must have a negative pregnancy test at screening and a partner who is sterile, agree to abstinence, be practicing double barrier contraception or using an FDA approved contraceptive (e.g., licensed hormonal or barrier methods) for greater than 2 months prior to screening visit and commit to an acceptable form of birth control for the duration of the study and for 30 days after participation in the study.
  7. Subjects are currently receiving at least one antiepileptic medication.
  8. Subjects or subject's legally authorized representative (LAR) must be willing and able to complete informed consent/assent and HIPAA authorization.
  9. Subjects must agree and must be willing to comply with all required study procedures while in the EMU or GCRC.
  10. Ability to comprehend and be informed of the nature of the study, as assessed by the PI or Sub-Investigator.
  11. Ability to consume standard meals.
  12. Availability to volunteer for the entire study duration and willing to adhere to all protocol requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

Potential subjects meeting any of the following criteria will be excluded:

  1. Subjects having a progressive neurological disorder such as brain tumor, demyelinating disease, or degenerative central nervous system (CNS) disease that is likely to progress in the next 12 months.
  2. Subjects having respiratory failure (or is at risk for respiratory failure) or other severe cardiorespiratory disease with New York Heart Association Class III or IV functional status, or requires supplemental oxygen.
  3. Female subjects who are lactating or positive serum pregnancy test (ß-hCG) at screening for female subjects ≥12 years of age.
  4. Subjects with severe psychiatric disease that in the Investigator's judgment would prevent the patient's successful completion of the study.
  5. Subjects who have an episode of status epilepticus, as determined by the Principal Investigator/Sub-Investigator, at any time during Period B (EMU, GCRC or similar facility Visit
  6. Subjects with known history or presence of any clinically significant hepatic (e.g. hepatic impairment), renal/genitourinary (renal impairment, kidney stones), psychiatric, dermatological or hematological disease or condition unless determined as not clinically significant by the Principal Investigator/Sub-Investigator and confirmed by Sponsor via written communication prior to subject enrollment.
  7. Subjects with any clinically significant illness other than epilepsy within 30 days prior to first dosing, as determined by the Principal Investigator/Sub-Investigator.
  8. Subjects with any significant physical or organ abnormality as determined by the Principal Investigator/Sub-Investigator.
  9. Subjects with any significant lesion of the oral cavity or having oral prophylactic procedures within 30 days prior to first dosing.
  10. Subjects with a QTc interval QTcF>450 msec for males and QTcF>470 msec for females on screening ECG, unless determined as not clinically significant by the Investigator.
  11. Subjects with a positive test result for any of the following: drugs of abuse (amphetamines, cocaine, opiates, or phencyclidine), a positive breath alcohol test.
  12. Subjects with a known history or presence of: a. Alcohol abuse or dependence within one year prior to first drug administration; b. Drug abuse or dependence; c. Hypersensitivity or idiosyncratic reaction to diazepam, its excipients, sodium phosphates; and/or related substances, e.g. benzodiazepines; d. Glaucoma (open or acute narrow angle); e. Severe allergic reactions (e.g. anaphylactic reactions, angioedema
  13. Subjects who have participated in another clinical trial or who received an investigational drug within 30 days prior to first drug administration or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug-whichever is the longer period.
  14. Blood or plasma donation within 30 days prior to Screening
  15. Subjects not willing or unable to tolerate blood draws.
  16. Subjects who have received any other dosage form of diazepam or benzodiazepines within 2 weeks prior to entering Period A or Period B.
  17. Consumption of alcohol within 48 hours before dosing and food or beverages containing grapefruit, star fruit, Seville oranges, and/or pomelo or their derived products (e.g., fruit juice) within 10 days prior to first drug administration.
  18. Use of any enzyme-modifying drugs, including strong inhibitors of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes (e.g. cimetidine, fluoxetine, quinidine, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, fluconazole, ketoconazole, diltiazem, or HIV antivirals) and strong inducers of CYP enzymes (e.g. glucocorticoids, St. John´s Wort, or rifampicin) in the previous 30 days before first drug administration [barbiturates, carbamazepine, and phenytoin are allowed since these are common AEDs (Anti-epileptic drugs)].
  19. Use of any monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors (e.g. phenelzine, tranylcypromine), phenothiazines (chlorpromazine) within 30 days prior to first drug administration.
  20. Employee or immediate relative of an employee of the investigator, MonoSol Rx LLC, any of its affiliates or partners, or inVentiv Health.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03179891


Locations
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United States, Arizona
Arizona Health Sciences Center
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85724-5023
United States, California
Rancho Research Institute
Downey, California, United States, 90242
United States, Connecticut
Yale University School of Medicine-Comprehensive Epilepsy Center
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520-8018
United States, Hawaii
Hawaii Pacific Neuroscience
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96817
United States, Maryland
Mid-Atlantic Epilepsy and Sleep Center
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20817
United States, New Jersey
Saint Peter's University Hospital
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08901
United States, New York
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, North Carolina
Onsite Clinical Solutions LLC
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28203
United States, Pennsylvania
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Texas
Austin Epilepsy Care Center
Austin, Texas, United States, 78758
United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23219
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aquestive Therapeutics
inVentiv Health Clinical
Covance
Investigators
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Study Director: Gary Slatko Aquestive Therapeutics
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Aquestive Therapeutics:
Study Protocol  [PDF] August 4, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] September 14, 2018

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Responsible Party: Aquestive Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03179891    
Other Study ID Numbers: 160326
First Posted: June 7, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 18, 2020
Last Update Posted: September 18, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Aquestive Therapeutics:
Interictal
Ictal/peri-ictal
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Epilepsy
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Diazepam
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Anticonvulsants
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Muscle Relaxants, Central
Neuromuscular Agents
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General
Anesthetics
GABA Modulators
GABA Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action