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Trial record 2 of 6 for:    Sarizotan

Sarizotan in the Treatment of Neuroleptic-induced Tardive Dyskinesia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00310661
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Funding)
First Posted : April 4, 2006
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2015
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gary Remington, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Brief Summary:

TD is a troublesome and potentially irreversible side effect associated with the use of neuroleptics. While the newer neuroleptics are improved in this regard, they all still carry the risk of TD.

The present study proposes that sarizotan is a potential agent for treating neuroleptic-induced TD based on preliminary data indicating efficacy in the management of dyskinesias associated with Parkinson's disease. Its efficacy is further substantiated by pre-clinical data obtained from the vacuous chewing movement (VCM) model in rats, a model we employ ourselves in investigating the relationship between D2 occupancy and TD. The present study also examines the effects of sarizotan on cognitive function, given the association between TD and cognitive deficits.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroleptic-induced Tardive Dyskinesia Drug: Sarizotan Other: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The primary objective of the study is to assess the safety and the anti-dyskinetic properties of sarizotan at various dosages for neuroleptic-induced TD.

The secondary objective of the study is to assess the effects of sarizotan on cognitive function in patients with neuroleptic-induced TD.

The diagnosis of neuroleptic-induced TD will be confirmed by history and physical examination. Patients will be evaluated at baseline, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Safety will be assessed by vital signs, ECG, routine blood tests, the ACTH stimulation test, and the clinician's and patient's global impression of tolerability.


For efficacy, the primary outcome variable will be changes in the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), and a baseline score of >3 ('moderate') will be required for item 8 (Severity of Abnormal Movements). Quantitative evaluation of movements will be carried out in two ways. The first involves a series of instrumental and clinical measures that were developed as a battery for the assessment of antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism and TD. The second means of quantifying the movements involves the use of video recording, with independent evaluation by several raters (Appendix I). Such approaches have gained popularity in the quantification of movement disorders as a means of improving reliability.

Secondary measures will include the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) and other movement disorder scales (Simpson-Angus Rating Scales) for acute extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), and the Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS). Global impressions of efficacy and tolerability by the clinician (CGI) and by the patients (PGI) will be recorded at all study visits after the commencement of treatment. To assess potential cognitive changes that may occur in conjunction with TD changes, a battery of neuropsychological tests will be carried out at baseline and endpoint (see Appendix II). To assess the relationship with primary negative symptoms such as the deficit syndrome, the total and sub-scales of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale will be evaluated.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Dual-centre, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group Study to Determine the Effects of Various Adjunctive Doses of Sarizotan in the Treatment of Patients With Neuroleptic-induced Tardive Dyskinesia
Study Start Date : December 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2006
Study Completion Date : March 2008

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo hard gelatin capsules matching the investigational medication
Other: Placebo
Placebo for each patient randomized to the placebo arm will be given placebo (oral, twice daily) in a pill form for 12 weeks
Other Name: Sugar Pill

Experimental: Sarizotan HCI
Sarizotan HCI is administered at various doses ranging from 2-7mg.
Drug: Sarizotan
The dose of sariztan HCI for each patient in the drug arm will be given 2mg b.i.d. orally during the first 4 weeks of treatment. If efficacy is inadequate and there are no safety concerns, the option to raise the dose to 5mg b.i.d is given. After 8 weeks of treatment, the option to raise the dose to 7mg bid is given. Dose may remain the same or may be decreased again to the previous dose.
Other Name: Sarizotan HCI

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Degree of change in the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in PANSS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  2. Change in Simpson-Angus Rating Scales for acute EPS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  3. Change in Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient meets the Schooler and Kane Diagnostic Criteria (25) for Tardive Dyskinesia as established by history and physical examination.
  • a score of 3 or above for item 8 of the AIMS scale (Severity of Abnormal Movements) at baseline.
  • For female patients: either the patient is surgically sterile, has been post-menopausal for at least 12 months, or she is using a reliable method of contraception (single-barrier methods alone will not be considered sufficiently reliable) and provides a negative pregnancy test at the screening visit.
  • on a stable dose of his/her current antipsychotic (either typical or atypical) and movement disorder medication (e.g. anticholinergics) for at least one month before randomisation. For depot antipsychotics, this period will be at least one dosing interval.
  • The patient gives full written informed consent for participation in the study.
  • The patient has a level of understanding of English or Tamil sufficient to communicate effectively with the investigator and study staff, and to be able to complete the computerised neurocognitive test battery where necessary

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Exclusion criteria listed in the Research Criteria for Tardive Dyskinesia as defined in DSM-IV (symptoms not due to another neurological or general medical condition such as Huntington's disease, Sydenham's chorea, spontaneous dyskinesia, hyperthyroidism, Wilson's disease, ill-fitting dentures, exposure to other medications causing acute reversible dyskinesia such as L?dopa or bromocriptine).
  • Evidence of pre-existing tic disorders, neuroleptic-induced acute dystonia or neuroleptic-induced acute akathisia
  • Risk of suicide (in the opinion of the investigator).
  • Any of the following non-permitted concomitant medication: Metoclopramide in the 4 weeks before screening, Buspirone in the 4 weeks before screening, Azole antifungals (particularly ketoconazole), Etomidate, HIV proteinase inhibitors (e.g. indinavir, ritonavir), any tricyclic antidepressant in the 4 weeks before screening (SSRI antidepressants if at a stable dosage are permitted), Fludrocortisone, Intermittent therapy with oral corticoids, continuous therapy with <7.5mg/day (oral) prednisolone or an equivalent dose of a different corticoid (patients on continuous long-term therapy with a dose of >7.5mg prednisolone or equivalent may participate but should not undergo an ACTH challenge test).
  • Treatment with electroconvulsive therapy within six months before the first study visit.
  • Known history of drug dependence (except nicotine and caffeine) or alcohol dependence within the six months before the study (three months for known drug abuse).
  • Evidence of any clinically significant endocrine, cardiac, renal, neurological, cerebrovascular, metabolic, gastrointestinal, immunological, allergic or respiratory disease. Patients who are not euthyroid.
  • asthma or known hypersensitivity to antipsychotic drugs or ACTH
  • Pregnancy or lactation.
  • Any abnormal laboratory test result(s) of potential clinical significance at screening, including: Aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT) or alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) greater than 3 ´ upper limit of normal (ULN), Creatinine >2 ´ ULN, total bilirubin >2 ´ ULN
  • Participation in another clinical study within the 30 days before the first visit of the present study.
  • Plasma cortisol concentration below 18 µg/dL 60 minutes after stimulation with 250 µg ACTH1-24 (for procedure see Section 7.9). (NOTE: This exclusion criterion is waived, and the test should not be carried out, for patients on continuous long-term therapy with a dose of >7.5mg prednisolone or equivalent.
  • Lack of legal capacity, or limited legal capacity.)
  • Known previous diagnosis of learning disability.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00310661

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Canada, Ontario
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 1R8
Schizophrenia Research Foundation of India
Chennai, India, 600101
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
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Principal Investigator: Gary Remington, MD Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Gary Remington, MD, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Identifier: NCT00310661     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 005/2004
First Posted: April 4, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2015
Last Verified: July 2015
Keywords provided by Gary Remington, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health:
neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tardive Dyskinesia
Movement Disorders
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs