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Trial record 2 of 3 for:    Pharmacogenomics of Bipolar Disorder

16-week Comparative Effectiveness Trial of Lamotrigine vs. Fluoxetine for Bipolar Depression (FLAME)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified April 2016 by Mark Frye, Mayo Clinic
Marriott Family and Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Frye, Mayo Clinic Identifier:
First received: March 10, 2015
Last updated: April 11, 2016
Last verified: April 2016
The FLAME Study is a 16-week clinical trial to study treatment with lamotrigine or fluoxetine in bipolar I, II and bipolar schizoaffective depressed adults. The purpose of the trial is to have a better understanding of whether individuals with a particular gene type and other inherited biological markers will have a good response to fluoxetine or lamotrigine, or alternatively, would be more likely to have side effects to this medication.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bipolar Disorder Drug: Lamotrigine Drug: Fluoxetine Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: 16-week Open Randomized Comparative Effectiveness Trial of Lamotrigine vs. Fluoxetine for Bipolar Depression: Pharmacogenomic and Biomarker Predictors of Response

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Mark Frye, Mayo Clinic:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Inventory for Depressive Symptoms [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Estimated Enrollment: 400
Study Start Date: March 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Lamotrigine
Subjects on this arm will be randomized to Lamotrigine.
Drug: Lamotrigine
Lamotrigine dosing: 25 mg daily x 2 weeks, 50 mg daily x 2 weeks, 100 mg daily x 2 weeks, 200 mg (100 mg bid)) x 4 weeks. If patient still has at least mild depressive symptoms, the dose can be increased to 300 mg daily for 2 weeks and 400 mg for 4 weeks. Dose will be held for treatment response and can be reduced for side effects.
Other Name: Lamictal
Active Comparator: Fluoxetine
Subjects on this arm will be randomized to Fluoxetine.
Drug: Fluoxetine
Fluoxetine dosing: 20mg for month 1, 40mg for month 2, and if still depressed (CGI ≥ 3) 60mg for month 3 and 4. Lower doses of fluoxetine will be prescribed for those with side effects. For known Cytochrome P450 2D6 poor metabolizers, fluoxetine will not be dosed > 40mg.
Other Name: Prozac

Detailed Description:

Depression is the predominant prevailing mood state of bipolar disorder and it is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. However, in comparison to acute mania, bipolar depression is understudied both from the standpoint of its pathophysiology as well as clinical trials and treatment development. Given the lack of evidence-based guidelines, clinicians and participants enter a treatment phase with little guidance.

The FLAME Study is a 16-week, open randomized comparative effectiveness trial evaluating genomic predictors and biomarkers of response and adverse events to treatment with lamotrigine (n=200) and fluoxetine (n=200) for bipolar I, II and bipolar schizoaffective depressed adults (18-65). Participants will be recruited over a 5-year period.

It is known that functionally significant genetic polymorphisms of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic pathways can influence individual differences in repose to specific medications. We propose to evaluate the contribution of these pharmacogenomic variations to lamotrigine and fluoxetine treatment response and adverse events. We will correlate clinical phenotypes of response and adverse events to treatment with genotype and haplotype variations of drug metabolism, neurotransmitter biosynthesis, (metabolism, storage, release, reuptake), receptor and intracellular signaling-that have been previously implicated to either lamotrigine or fluoxetine. These initial steps will be complemented with genome-wide analysis (GWA), pathway analysis and other candidate gene studies.

Based on our results we aim to develop a translational treatment algorithm of bipolar depression that may help individualized treatment for bipolar depression. This algorithm for participants could potentially increase the likelihood of successful treatment interventions, deliver the "right treatment, for the right participant at the right time", and decrease the number of ineffective treatments and/or risk for serious adverse events.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult participants, age 18-65.
  • Outpatients or inpatients with a diagnosis of bipolar I, II or schizoaffective bipolar disorder, depressed phase, non-psychotic, (DSM-5 criteria, Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders Module D confirmed)
  • At least mild symptom severity of depression as defined by the Clinical Global Impression for Bipolar Disorder (CGI-BP, Spearing et al. 1997) >2.
  • Bipolar I participants must be on conventional mood stabilizing treatment [lithium, divalproex or valproate, or an atypical antipsychotic]. Participants with a bipolar II disorder may pursue the FLAME Study as monotherapy.
  • Negative urine pregnancy test.
  • Participants not planning pregnancy in the near future (6 months).
  • Negative urine toxicology screen (except cannabis).
  • No evidence of clinically significant laboratory screening tests (complete blood count (CBC); electrolytes; thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH); creatinine/blood urea nitrogen, Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)/ALT). Clinical laboratory evaluation within the last three months is acceptable.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability or unwilling to provide informed consent.
  • Inability to understand English.
  • Actively suicidal participants at screening or enrollment visit as defined by a response of 3 or 4 on question 4 of the Bipolar Inventory of Symptoms Scale (BISS).
  • Active delusions or hallucinations defined as a score of 3 or 4 on the BISS question 40 (persecutory ideas) or 41 (delusions or hallucinations).
  • Impaired insight as defined as a score of 3 or 4 on BISS question 42 (insight).
  • Hypomania defined by a BISS manic subscore of ≥15.
  • Axis I or II comorbidity that by referring mental health professional and/or study psychiatrist is primary need of treatment. (This will be assessed by the site principal investigator, who has >10 years clinical experience with this population. Hospital discharge summaries and outpatient medical records may be reviewed (i.e., adequate trials of mood stabilizing treatments with minimal to no response, prominent self-injurious behavior in the absence of significant mood symptomatology, or atypical cycle patterns) to make this decision.
  • Pregnant participants
  • Unwilling or unable to taper any current antidepressant therapy
  • Participants currently breastfeeding
  • Female not practicing a reliable form of birth control (condom, intrauterine device (IUD), Depo-Provera injection)
  • Due to lamotrigine pharmacokinetics, female subjects wishing to commence oral contraceptive therapy (OCT) within 3 months of enrollment date or anticipate discontinuing OCT during study (stable oral contraceptive therapy exception).
  • History of active substance abuse disorder within the last 3 months (other than caffeine or cannabis)
  • Participants with medical contraindications that preclude lamotrigine or fluoxetine treatment
  • History of severe adverse reaction to lamotrigine and/or fluoxetine
  • Current carbamazepine or oxcarbazepine treatment
  • Unstable active medical illness
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT02389712

Contact: Autumn Timm

United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic Recruiting
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Autumn Timm   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
Marriott Family and Foundation
Principal Investigator: Mark A Frye, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Responsible Party: Mark Frye, M.D., Mayo Clinic Identifier: NCT02389712     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-003545-1
UL1TR000135 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: March 10, 2015
Last Updated: April 11, 2016
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Mark Frye, Mayo Clinic:
Bipolar Disorder
Mayo Clinic

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers
Sodium Channel Blockers
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Serotonin Agents
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on June 26, 2017