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Trial record 2 of 4 for:    Pape and TMS

Foundations in Developing Precision Cognitive Restoration

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05117502
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 11, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 11, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development

Brief Summary:
This pilot study tests the merits of a unique research approach, transdiagnostic sampling. For Veterans with similar levels of cognitive impairments cause by different types of brain injuries (stroke or traumatic brain injury), this study examines effects of two cognitive restorative treatments. Instead of using the traditional approach to examine treatment effects strictly by cause of brain injury, the transdiagnostic sampling approach recognizes that cause of injury does not drive treatment responsiveness of recovery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Moderate Cognitive Impairment Traumatic Brain Injury Stroke Device: intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation Device: Placebo intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this study is to identify the supports and barriers to scalability of Veteran-tailored iTBS and APT across neurologic conditions, with the longer-term goal of providing an empirical basis for the tailoring of a broader range of cognitive rehabilitation strategies to optimize each Veteran's cognitive function in daily life. After Veterans receive standard cognitive rehabilitation, cognitive impairments often persist and if they do make gains there is limited carry-over to daily function. The tenets of precision neurorehabilitation suggest that tailored interventions will optimize gains and carry-over, but precision-tailoring of cognitive rehabilitation will only be possible if researchers develop and test scalable approaches for identifying, organizing, and analyzing the multitude of Veteran-specific variables driving and influencing treatment responsiveness. This project addresses long-standing scientific barriers to understanding treatment responsiveness, particularly study sample heterogeneity and individual variability. The investigators address study sample heterogeneity by linking Veterans, across TBI and ischemic stroke, according to levels of cognitive impairment. The investigators create a cohort of Veterans with a homogeneous level of cognitive impairment, thereby enabling explication of person-centric factors influencing treatment responsiveness and carry-over to daily function. Advancing understanding of the basic study design elements will be achieved by leveraging the knowledge of intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation (iTBS) and iTBS paired with Attention Processing Training exercises (iTBS + APT). iTBS is advantageous as it robustly improves working memory with just one treatment session. These interventions, together, are advantageous as they can each be tailored to a Veteran's unique cognitive challenges and to target the neural site, unique to each Veteran's neuropathology. These two interventions also directly address cognitive deficits, while simultaneously inducing neuroplasticity in neural regions hampered or impaired by neural injury. The investigators will study Veterans with moderately impaired cognition who, after standard cognitive rehabilitation, continue to struggle with daily life requiring assistance with complex instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). Veterans will participate in a series of two within-subject treatment studies, conducted on two separate days, 2-weeks apart. Veterans will be randomly assigned to first receive a single session of Active iTBS or Placebo iTBS and then they will receive APT paired with their assigned iTBS (Active iTBS + APT vs Placebo iTBS + APT). The investigators will test if diagnosis moderates the effects of these interventions on both immediate and persisting change in cognition. For immediate effects, the investigators use a novel testing battery and for persisting gains the investigators use established and feasible neuropsychological tests as well as an established test of cognitive function during IADL. Results will be used to obtain pilot data and examine feasibility in terms of study attrition relative to Veteran fatigue, mood, and Veteran reports of suitability of key aspects of the study design. These findings will be used to develop a future merit within-subject cross-over study examining the over-arching hypothesis that tailored iTBS and APT applied to a transdiagnostic sample and subsequently matched to a Veteran, according to a biotype algorithm, will result in better functional performance of Veteran-valued IADL.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: All iTBS (intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation) sessions will be double-blinded, but the Attention procession sessions will not. This is a within-subject placebo-controlled partially-blinded treatment study.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: After the participant has been consented and meets all study enrollment criteria, the participant will be randomized to a sham or real iTBS treatment. The participant and treating researcher will be blinded. A unique code for the iTBS (Magstim) will be provided by an unblinded research team member, this will provide the sham or real treatment to the participant.
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Foundational Elements of an Alternate Scientific Approach to Developing Veteran-centric Precision Cognitive Restoration Interventions
Estimated Study Start Date : April 1, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation
Participants will receive 2 treatments of intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation, each two weeks apart. First session will be iTBS alone, the second session will be combined iTBS with APT (Attention processing training).
Device: intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation
intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation (iTBS) is a type of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which uses short magnetic field pulses applied to the scalp to induce currents in the underlying brain. iTBS will be delivered by the MagVenture MagPROX100 with MagOption Stimulator and MagPro Cool Coil B65 A/P. The MagPro Cool Coil B65 A/P can be switched from active to placebo.
Other Name: iTBS, TMS, rTMS

Placebo Comparator: Placebo intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation
Placebo iTBS participants will not receive any stimulation as the coil will be switched to placebo (P) setting. To maintain double-blind in A and P settings, Veterans and researchers wear headphones connected to a sham noise generator. Participants will receive 2 treatments of placebo intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation, each two weeks apart. First session will be iTBS alone, the second session will be combined placebo iTBS with APT (Attention processing training).
Device: Placebo intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation
The placebo coil magnetic stimulation, but does not actually emit a pulse. The placebo coil looks, sounds and feels like an active iTBS coil. The placebo coil, visually identical to the active coil, provides a slight sensory sensation and discharge noise (i.e. clicking) nearly identical to that of the active coil.
Other Name: Placebo or Sham TMS, iTMS, rTMS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Streamlined Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (s-APMS) Change 5 timepoints: before and after 1st and 2nd session, then follow up [ Time Frame: 5 timepoints: week 1 before and after intervention, week 3 before and after intervention, week 5 as follow-up ]
    Observational assessment by a trained researcher that measures the performance quality of tasks related to activities of daily living in a natural environment. Examples of activities could include light house work, laundry or meal preparation. The sAMPS assesses the quality of the participant's Activity of Daily Living performance by rating effort, efficiency, safety and independence of motor and processing skill items. The performance of these activities are item-level scores ranging from 1=no problem to 6=inordinate, cannot test. This is an observational test and the research clinician interprets AMPS reports to define and interpret reasons for the person's ineffective ADL performance.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) Digit Span subtest [ Time Frame: 5 timepoints: week 1 before and after intervention, week 3 before and after intervention, week 5 as follow-up ]
    Researcher administered verbal assessment use to measure auditory attention as well as working memory. The researcher verbally presents a sequence of numbers to the participant. The participant is to repeat the sequence back to the researcher. The test is administered in three subtest: Digit span forward, Digit Span Backward, and Digit Span Sequencing. Each subtest is scored with correct minus incorrect responses. The final scoring is completed researcher by raw scores and age.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of TBI or Ischemic Stroke
  • 2-10 years post neurologic event having completed rehabilitation
  • Age 18 - 80 years old
  • Medically stable
  • Fluent in English
  • Moderately impaired cognitive function as defined by AMPS Processing sub-scale measures falling below 1.0 logits
  • Moderately impaired cognitive capacity as defined by having two or more scores falling 1 standard deviation below age normed expectations on: the RBANS index scores, DKEFS Color-Word Trials 3 and 4 scale scores, and/or WAIS-IV Digit Span scaled score

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have BOTH TBI and Ischemic Stroke
  • Other primary neurologic diagnosis
  • Any dementia diagnosis
  • Reside in an extended care facility
  • Less than 2 years post TBI or ischemic stroke
  • Anti-epileptic medications for seizure activity
  • Seizure within the past 3 months or active seizure
  • Contraindications to MRI/iTBS
  • Medication changes within 3 months of starting participation
  • Currently receiving therapy services
  • Pregnancy
  • FIM scores for problem solving <3 or >4 OR memory <4 or >5, or changes in FIM scores during screening process
  • Neurostimulants that cannot be safely withdrawn
  • Bilateral ischemic stroke
  • Mild or severe impairments in cognitive capacity or cognitive function
  • CHF, implanted pacemakers or defibrillators, or cochlear implants
  • Questionable test validity as indicated by DOT (E-score 17) or BRIEF (Negativity 6; Infrequency 3; Inconsistency 8)
  • RBANS Total Scale < 70

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05117502

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Contact: Theresa L Pape, DrPH MA BS (708) 202-8387 ext 24953
Contact: Cheryl C Odle, MBA (708) 202-8387 ext 23117

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United States, Illinois
Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, IL
Hines, Illinois, United States, 60141-5000
Contact: William Wolf, PhD    708-202-5689   
Contact: Amanda Smithy    (708) 202-8387 ext 25691   
Principal Investigator: Theresa L Pape, DrPH MA BS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
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Principal Investigator: Theresa L Pape, DrPH MA BS Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, IL
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Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development Identifier: NCT05117502    
Other Study ID Numbers: N3751-P
First Posted: November 11, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 11, 2021
Last Verified: November 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
Pilot projects
Cognition Disorders
Brain Injury
Brain Injury, Traumatic
Activities of Daily Living
Working Memory
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Injuries
Brain Injuries, Traumatic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries