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Trial record 47 of 59 for:    MLN8237

Alisertib and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Gastrointestinal Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02319018
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of alisertib when given together with combination chemotherapy in treating patients with gastrointestinal tumors. Alisertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving alisertib with more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may be a better treatment for gastrointestinal tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Digestive System Neoplasm Drug: Alisertib Drug: Fluorouracil Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Leucovorin Calcium Drug: Oxaliplatin Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the maximum tolerated doses and the recommended phase II doses of modified fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX) given in combination with alisertib (MLN8237) in patients with gastrointestinal cancers.


I. To describe any anti-tumor activity associated with this treatment. II. To assess baseline tumor expression by immunohistochemistry of aurora kinase A (AURKA), v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1 (AKT), phosphorylated (phospho)-AKT (serine [Ser]473), tumor protein p53 (p53), tumor protein p73 (p73), beta (b)-catenin, v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (avian) (c-MYC), and cleaved caspase 3.

III. To assess baseline messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression of AURKA, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), c-MYC, human double minute 2 (HDM2), and cyclin D1 (CCND1), and correlate with response to therapy.

IV. To obtain post-treatment biopsy specimens and confirm target inhibition by assaying for AURKA, phosphorylated (p)AURKA T288, p53, p73, MYC, HDM2, and cleaved caspase 3.

V. To perform quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and immunohistochemistry (IHC) on post-treatment specimens for AURKA oncogenic targets: p53-regulated apoptosis inducing protein 1 (p53AIP1), VEGF, HDM2, and MYC.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of alisertib.

Patients receive alisertib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-3 and mFOLFOX regimen comprising oxaliplatin intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on day 2, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 2, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 2-4. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of Alisertib (MLN8237) in Combination With mFOLFOX in Gastrointestinal Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : August 27, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 29, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : September 29, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (alisertib, mFOLFOX)
Patients receive alisertib PO BID on days 1-3 and mFOLFOX regimen comprising oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 2, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 2, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 2-4. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Alisertib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aurora A Kinase Inhibitor MLN8237
  • MLN-8237
  • MLN8237

Drug: Fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-Fluoro-2,4(1H, 3H)-pyrimidinedione
  • 5-Fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
  • AccuSite
  • Carac
  • Fluoro Uracil
  • Fluouracil
  • Flurablastin
  • Fluracedyl
  • Fluracil
  • Fluril
  • Fluroblastin
  • Ribofluor
  • Ro 2-9757
  • Ro-2-9757

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adinepar
  • Calcifolin
  • Calcium (6S)-Folinate
  • Calcium Folinate
  • Calcium Leucovorin
  • Calfolex
  • Calinat
  • Cehafolin
  • Citofolin
  • Citrec
  • citrovorum factor
  • Cromatonbic Folinico
  • Dalisol
  • Disintox
  • Divical
  • Ecofol
  • Emovis
  • Factor, Citrovorum
  • Flynoken A
  • Folaren
  • Folaxin
  • FOLI-cell
  • Foliben
  • Folidan
  • Folidar
  • Folinac
  • Folinate Calcium
  • folinic acid
  • Folinic Acid Calcium Salt Pentahydrate
  • Folinoral
  • Folinvit
  • Foliplus
  • Folix
  • Imo
  • Lederfolat
  • Lederfolin
  • Leucosar
  • leucovorin
  • Rescufolin
  • Rescuvolin
  • Tonofolin
  • Wellcovorin

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1-OHP
  • Ai Heng
  • Aiheng
  • Dacotin
  • Dacplat
  • Diaminocyclohexane Oxalatoplatinum
  • Eloxatin
  • Eloxatine
  • JM-83
  • Oxalatoplatin
  • Oxalatoplatinum
  • RP 54780
  • RP-54780
  • SR-96669

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose and the recommended phase II doses of mFOLFOX given in combination with alisertib, defined as the dose level at which the probability of dose limiting toxicities is 30% [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Anti-tumor activity associated with this treatment, evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks after last dose of study drugs ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Tumor expression by immunohistochemistry [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks after last dose of study drugs ]
    Exploratory analyses to assess the correlation of response with the biomarkers will also be performed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed gastrointestinal malignancy that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective, or for whom FOLFOX would be an appropriate therapy
  • Patients are required to have evaluable disease
  • Any number of prior treatment regimens is allowed
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin below institutional upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 3 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine below institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of MLN8237 (alisertib) administration; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of MLN8237 administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients must be able to take oral medications

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had targeted therapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to MLN8237, including but not limited to established allergic reaction to benzodiazepines, 5-FU (fluorouracil), leucovorin (leucovorin calcium) or oxaliplatin
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with MLN8327
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation
  • Known history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could result in excessive daytime sleepiness, such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; requirement for supplemental oxygen; or any conditions that could result in excessive toxicity associated with the benzodiazepine-like effects of MLN8237
  • Requirement for constant administration of proton pump inhibitor, histamine (H2) antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes; intermittent uses of antacids or H2 antagonists are allowed as described
  • Inability to swallow oral medication or to maintain a fast as required for 2 hours before and 1 hour after MLN8237 administration or any condition that would modify small bowel absorption of oral medications, including malabsorption, or resection of pancreas or upper bowel
  • Patients requiring any medications or substances that are strong or moderate cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) inhibitors or clinically significant enzyme inducers of CYP3A4 are ineligible
  • Patients with grade 2 peripheral neuropathy or greater are excluded

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02319018

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United States, Connecticut
Smilow Cancer Center/Yale-New Haven Hospital
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Michigan
Wayne State University/Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University/Ingram Cancer Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Laura Goff Yale University Cancer Center LAO

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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT02319018     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2014-02475
NCI-2014-02475 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9824 ( Other Identifier: Yale University Cancer Center LAO )
9824 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA016359 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R01CA131225 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186689 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Digestive System Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Calcium, Dietary
Folic Acid
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Protective Agents
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances