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Trial record 13 of 698 for:    Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | "Muscular Diseases"

Inspiratory Muscle Training in Nemaline Myopathy (NEMTRAIN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03728803
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radboud University

Brief Summary:
Nemaline myopathy is a rare congenital myopathy. Respiratory failure is the main cause of death in these patients. The primary objective of this study is to determine the effect of a 8-week inspiratory muscle training program on respiratory muscle function in nemaline myopathy patients. The secondary objective is to determine respiratory muscle function in nemaline myopathy patients and its correlation with clinical severity and general neuromuscular function. The nemaline myopathy patients will be included in the first phase for a clinical characterization. From this phase patients will be selected for the second phase, which is a controlled before-after trial of inspiratory muscle training. The primary outcome is the change in maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) after active inspiratory muscle training

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nemaline Myopathy Inspiratory Muscle Training Device: Threshold IMT, Philips Respironics, Murrysville, PA, USA Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Rationale: Nemaline myopathy is a group of congenital, hereditary neuromuscular disorders with variable symptoms such as muscle weakness, swallowing dysfunction, and dysarthria. Respiratory failure is the main cause of death in nemaline myopathy and occurs even in ambulant patients who otherwise appear to be only mildly affected; respiratory muscle weakness may even be the presenting feature. Inspiratory muscle training has shown to increase inspiratory muscle strength in patients with other neuromuscular disorders. It is hypothesized that inspiratory muscle training improves respiratory muscle function in nemaline myopathy patients with respiratory muscle weakness.

Objective: The primary objective is to determine the effect of a 8-week inspiratory muscle training program on respiratory muscle function in nemaline myopathy patients. The secondary objective is to determine respiratory muscle function in nemaline myopathy patients and its correlation with clinical severity and general neuromuscular function.

Study design: The study consist of two phases. Phase 1: A screening phase with an open design from which patients will be selected for the second phase. Phase 2: A controlled before-after trial of inspiratory muscle training. The 2 conditions tested are sham IMT and active IMT.

Study population: Nemaline myopathy patients from the local neuromuscular database will be recruited. Furthermore, other centres in the Netherlands will be contacted to expand the database of nemaline myopathy patients. Phase 2 requires 23 patients.

Intervention: Active IMT consists of 15 minutes of IMT, twice a day, 5 days per week for 8 weeks, at a training workload of 30% of MIP using a resistive inspiratory muscle training device. Sham IMT consists of similar training regime using a resistive inspiratory muscle training device where the resistance has been removed.

Main study parameters/endpoints: The primary outcome parameter is the change in maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) after active inspiratory muscle training.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: The intervention of inspiratory muscle training is not associated with any risks, but can be challenging in patients with respiratory muscle weakness to perform. There will be three visits to the hospital in 16 weeks. The first visit has a maximal duration of 6 hours (including breaks) and the other two visits 1.5 hour. During these visits several tests and physical examinations will be performed. Some of the tests may cause some physical discomfort, but none of them carry any risk. Patients may benefit from participating in this study by developing improved respiratory muscle function as a result of the inspiratory muscle training.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A controlled before-after trial of inspiratory muscle training will be performed in patients with nemaline myopathy with respiratory muscle weakness. The 2 sequentially tested conditions are sham IMT and active IMT. Patients are not blinded to the conditions, instead patients are instructed that two training methods are tested. First the effect of breathing technique with low resistance (sham IMT) and secondly with high resistance (active IMT).
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Inspiratory Muscle Training in Patients With Nemaline Myopathy
Actual Study Start Date : October 10, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Muscle Disorders

Arm Intervention/treatment
Sham Comparator: Sham inspiratory muscle training

Commercially available threshold IMT trainers for inspiration will be used. For sham IMT the valve will be removed, creating a low resistance.

The participants will perform 8 weeks of sham IMT.

Device: Threshold IMT, Philips Respironics, Murrysville, PA, USA
Active inspiratory muscle training (IMT) by the threshold IMT provides consistent and specific pressure for inspiratory muscle strength and endurance training, regardless of how quickly or slowly patients breathe. This device incorporates a flow-independent one-way valve to ensure consistent resistance and features an adjustable specific pressure setting (in cmH20) to be set. When patients inhale through the Threshold IMT, a spring-loaded valve provides a resistance that exercises respiratory muscles through conditioning.

Active Comparator: Active inspiratory muscle training
Commercially available threshold IMT trainers for inspiration will be used. After the sham IMT, the participants will perform an active inspiratory muscle training during 8 weeks. The resistance will gradually be increased in the first couple of weeks until the intended resistance is reached.
Device: Threshold IMT, Philips Respironics, Murrysville, PA, USA
Active inspiratory muscle training (IMT) by the threshold IMT provides consistent and specific pressure for inspiratory muscle strength and endurance training, regardless of how quickly or slowly patients breathe. This device incorporates a flow-independent one-way valve to ensure consistent resistance and features an adjustable specific pressure setting (in cmH20) to be set. When patients inhale through the Threshold IMT, a spring-loaded valve provides a resistance that exercises respiratory muscles through conditioning.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of maximal inspiratory pressure (cmH2O) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with handheld device


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of diaphragm thickness (mm) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with ultrasound

  2. Change of diaphragm thickening (ratio) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with ultrasound

  3. Change of diaphragm excursion (cm) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with ultrasound

  4. Change of peak cough flow (L/s) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with handheld spirometry

  5. Change of forced vital capacity (% predicted) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with handheld spirometry

  6. Change of forced expiratory volume in the first second (% predicted) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with handheld spirometry

  7. Change of peak expiratory flow (L/s) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with handheld spirometry

  8. Change of (Slow) vital capacity (% predicted) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with handheld spirometry in sit and supine

  9. Change of sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (cmH2O) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with handheld device

  10. Change of maximal expiratory pressure (cmH2O) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Obtained with handheld device

  11. Change of twitch mouth pressure (cmH2O) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 8 weeks sham IMT, after 8 weeks active IMT ]
    Measured after bilateral phrenic nerve stimulation

  12. Maximal voluntary contraction (N) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Handgrip ergonometer

  13. Rate of muscle relaxation (N/s) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation

  14. Motor Function Measure test [ Time Frame: Baseline ]

    The items of the MFM are classified in 3 domains:

    D1: Standing and transfers (13 items, sub score range 0-39) D2: Axial and proximal motor function (12 items, sub score range 0-36) D3: Distal motor function (7 items, sub score range 0-21) Each item is scored on a 0-3 scale. Each sub score will be calculated as the percentage of total possible score achieved. Higher scores indicate a better outcome. The range of the total score is 0-96, again recalculated as the percentage of total possible score achieved.


  15. 6-minute walk test [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    This test assesses distance walked over 6 minutes as a submaximal test of aerobic capacity/endurance. The outcome is compared to the reference values.

  16. Falls [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The occurence of falls will be investigated retrospectively and prospectively during a 100-day period by questions composed by the investigators.

  17. Mini-BESTest: Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Balance test for adults) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]

    This test consists of several domains of balance and consequently of several sub scores:

    Anticipatory sub score 0-6 Reactive postural control 0-6 Sensory orientation sub score 0-6 Dynamic gait sub score 0-10

    The sub scores are added up to a total score with a range of 0-28. Higher values represent a better outcome.


  18. Pediatric Balance Scale (Balance test for children) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    This test consists of 14 item. The participant can score 0-4 on each item, with a maximum score of 56. Higher values represent a better outcome.

  19. The RAND 36-Item Health Survey [ Time Frame: Baseline ]

    This questionnaire addresses eight concepts: physical functioning, bodily pain, role limitations due to physical health problems, role limitations due to personal or emotional problems, emotional well-being, social functioning, energy/fatigue, and general health perceptions. It also includes a single item that provides an indication of perceived change in health.

    Scoring the RAND 36-Item Health Survey is a two-step process. First, precoded numeric values are recoded per the scoring key. All items are scored so that a high score defines a more favourable health state. In addition, each item is scored on a 0 to 100 range so that the lowest and highest possible scores are set at 0 and 100, respectively. Scores represent the percentage of total possible score achieved. In step 2, items in the same scale are averaged together to create the 8 scale scores. Hence, scale scores represent the average for all items in the scale that the respondent answered.


  20. Measurement model for the pediatric quality of life inventory: PedsQL [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    This questionnaire consists of 8 items on physical functioning, 5 items on emotional functioning, 5 items on social functioning, and 5 items on school functioning. Each item is scored on a 0-4 scale. The items are reversed scored and linearly transformed to a 0-100 scale, so that higher scores indicate a better outcome. To create the Psychosocial Health Summary Score, the mean is computed as the sum of the items over the number of items answered in the Emotional, Social, and School Functioning Scales. The Physical Health Summary Score is the same as the Physical Functioning Scale Score. To create the Total Scale Score, the mean is computed as the sum of all the items over the number of items answered on all the Scales.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 80 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • genetically-confirmed nemaline myopathy (mutations in one of the genes causing nemaline myopathy: TPM3, NEB, ACTA1, TPM2, TNNT1, KBTBD13, CFN2, KLHL40, KHLH41, LMOD3, MYPN, RYR1)
  • informed consent from participant or legal representative
  • age-range: between the age of 6-80 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • history of another condition that affects respiratory muscle strength or function (e.g. COPD)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03728803


Contacts
Contact: Jonne Doorduin, phD 0243615099 jonne.doorduin@radboudumc.nl

Locations
Netherlands
Radboud university medical center Recruiting
Nijmegen, Netherlands
Contact: Jonne Doorduin, PjD    0243615099    jonne.doorduin@radboudumc.nl   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radboud University
Investigators
Study Director: Baziel van Engelen, Prof. PhD Promotor

Responsible Party: Radboud University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03728803     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NL65214.091.18
First Posted: November 2, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 2, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Aspiration
Muscular Diseases
Myopathies, Nemaline
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Myopathies, Structural, Congenital