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The Effectiveness of Guided Imagery for a Nonprofit's Employees

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02191345
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 23, 2017
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kimberly Juhas, FrontLine Service

Brief Summary:

Primary Aim A. To determine if listening to prerecorded guided imagery 3 times per week for 4 weeks will reduce state anxiety, perceived stress, burnout, compassion fatigue, and vicarious trauma in Fronltine Service staff.

Primary Aim B. To determine if staff will continue to listen to guided imagery after the first 4 weeks of the study is over.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Focus of Study Stress Behavioral: Guided Imagery Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to compare the change in stress levels of employees who listen to prerecorded guided imagery to employees who take breaks, and to determine if employees are likely to adopt prerecorded guided imagery as a self-care tool.

Participants will be randomly assigned to either the guided imagery group or the control group. Members of the control group will be asked to take a 10 minute break 3 times per week for 4 weeks. Members of the guided imagery group will be asked to listen to one prerecorded guided imagery track 3 times per week for 4 weeks. All participants will fill out questionnaires before and after the 4 week period. All participants will fill out a short form before and after listening to each guided imagery, or before and after taking each break.

Phase 2: After phase 1 is complete, all participants will have the option to participate in phase 2 of the study. During phase 2, participants will receive a calendar and put a mark on every day that they listen to a guided imagery track. At the end of 4 weeks, participants will turn in the calendar.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 69 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Trial Measuring the Effectiveness of Prerecorded Guided Imagery in Reducing Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, Perceived Stress, and State Anxiety of a Mental Health Nonprofit's Employees
Study Start Date : July 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anxiety Fatigue
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: 10 minute break
Participants asked to take a 10 minute break as usual 3 times per week for 4 weeks
Experimental: Guided Imagery
Participants listen to one of 6 pre-recorded guided imagery tracks 3 times per week for 4 weeks
Behavioral: Guided Imagery
Guided imagery is a stress management technique that uses verbal suggestion and descriptive language to guide the listener into imagining sensations and visualizing images in the mind in order to bring about a desired physical response, such as reduction in anxiety, stress, or pain. The guided imagery tracks chosen for the study were chosen because their goal is relaxation and stress relief, and their length is under 15 minutes.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. State Anxiety as Measured by the State Anxiety Short Form [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

    Participants in the experimental group will fill out the State Anxiety Short Form, a 6-item questionnaire before and after listening to guided imagery. Participants in the control group will fill out the same measure before and after taking a break.

    This will be done 3 times per week for a duration of 4 weeks.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Compassion Fatigue, Compassion Satisfaction, and Burnout, as measured by the ProQol [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Participants in both the control and experimental groups will complete the ProQol, a 30-item questionnaire, before and after the 4-week intervention period.

  2. Perceived Stress as measured by the Perceived Stress Scale [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Participants in the experimental and control groups will complete the Perceived Stress Scale, a self-report, 10-item questionnaire, before and after the 4-week intervention period.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Staff of a nonprofit who work a minimum of three shifts per week
  • Willing and able to use about 8-15 minutes of their lunch hours three times per week for for four weeks for the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Staff members will be excluded from the study if they currently listen to guided imagery
  • Those currently experiencing drug or alcohol abuse, suicidal ideation, or other serious mental health issue while not under the care of a trained mental health professional will also be excluded

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02191345

United States, Ohio
FrontLine Service
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44114
Sponsors and Collaborators
FrontLine Service
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Study Director: Ashwini Sehgal, MD Case Western Reserve University, MetroHealth Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Kimberly A Juhas, MA FrontLine Service

Responsible Party: Kimberly Juhas, Community Research Scholar, FrontLine Service Identifier: NCT02191345     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MD002265
IRB-2014-743 ( Other Identifier: Case Western Reserve University IRB )
First Posted: July 16, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 23, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Kimberly Juhas, FrontLine Service:
guided imagery
compassion fatigue
state anxiety

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Compassion Fatigue
Mental Fatigue
Signs and Symptoms
Behavioral Symptoms
Stress, Psychological