Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 96 of 184 for:    Foradil Combi OR symbicort OR (Budesonide AND formeterol)

A Non-inferiority Study to Evaluate Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of NEUMOTEROL® 400 and SYMBICORT® Forte in Adults With Asthma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02233803
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 8, 2014
Results First Posted : August 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 15, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:

This Phase IV study is an a multi-centre, randomised open label, two way cross-over design to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of NEUMOTEROL 400 in subjects with asthma. The study will be used to demonstrate the non-inferiority of Budesonide/Formoterol Fumarate combination (BFF) 400/12 micrograms (mcg) single capsule inhaler (NEUMOTEROL 400) compared with BFF 320/9 mcg SYMBICORT Forte TURBUHALER® inhaler.

The population for this study will be adult subjects (>=18 and <=80 years) with a diagnosis of asthma who have a pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of 40% to 85% of the predicted normal value, and are receiving a stable dose of inhaled corticosteroid inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) with or without long-acting beta-adrenergic agonist (LABA) prior to screening.

The study will consist of six phases: Prescreening, Screening/Run-in (4 weeks), Treatment Period 1 (4 weeks), Washout (minimum 4 weeks), Treatment Period 2 (4 weeks) and Follow-up (1 week). The total duration of the study for each subject will be at least 17 weeks. There will be up to 6 study visits and a follow-up telephone call.

Pre-screening Visit will allow subjects who had recent asthma medication changes to be stabilized prior to Screening. During the run-in and wash-out periods, all the subjects will receive budesonide dry powder inhaler (DPI) 400 mcg twice daily (BID) (NEUMOTEX™ 400) and salbutamol 100mcg pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI) on demand, as rescue medication. The dose of NEUMOTEROL 400 (400/12 mcg) and SYMBICORT Forte (320/9 mcg) will be one inhalation BID, and each treatment will be given to all subjects for 4 weeks (with a 4-week Washout Period between treatments).

The study will include 300 subjects for screening so that at least 210 will be randomised and a minimum of 168 subjects complete the study/are evaluable. Half the subjects will be on Regimen A in Treatment Period 1and will then be crossed over to Regimen B in Treatment Period 2, and vice versa. Regimen A: BFF (400/12 mcg) by single capsule inhaler. Regimen B: BFF (320/9 mcg) TURBUHALER inhaler. The treatment periods will be separated by a washout Period of 4 weeks.

NEUMOTEROL and NEUMOTEX are trademarks of the GSK group of companies SYMBICORT and TURBUHALER are trademarks of AstraZeneca


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Asthma Drug: NEUMOTEROL 400 (BFF 400/12 mcg) single capsule inhaler Drug: SYMBICORT forte (BFF 320/9mcg) TURBUHALER inhaler Drug: NEUMOTEX 400 (Budesonide 400 mcg) Drug: Salbutamol 100 mcg pMDI Phase 4

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 239 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Multi-centre, Open Label, Cross-over Non-inferiority Study to Evaluate Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Neumoterol 400 and Symbicort Forte in Adults With Asthma
Actual Study Start Date : November 14, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 11, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 11, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sequence 1: BFF 400/12mcg to BFF 320/9mcg
Subjects will receive Regimen A in Treatment Period 1 followed by Regimen B in Treatment Period 2. The treatment periods will be separated by a wash out period of 4 weeks. Regimen A: Subjects will be instructed to take each morning and evening, 1 inhalation from a single capsule containing BFF (400/12 mcg) by single capsule inhaler. Regimen B: Subjects will be instructed to take each morning and evening,1 inhalation from BFF (320/9 mcg) TURBUHALER inhaler.
Drug: NEUMOTEROL 400 (BFF 400/12 mcg) single capsule inhaler
Micronized 400 mcg budesonide+ 12 mcg formoterol fumarate along with micronized and crystalline lactose monohydrate (excipient), per capsule dispensed by single capsule inhaler, twice daily (administered once in the morning and once in the evening approximately 12 hours later).

Drug: SYMBICORT forte (BFF 320/9mcg) TURBUHALER inhaler
Unit dose containing 320 mcg budesonide and 9 mcg formoterol fumarate (as dihidrate) along with lactose monohydrate as excipient. Administered as inhalation by TURBUHALER inhaler, twice daily (once in the morning and once in the evening approximately 12 hours later)

Drug: NEUMOTEX 400 (Budesonide 400 mcg)
Budesonide 400mcg will be administered to all the subjects twice daily, during the Run-in and Washout Periods

Drug: Salbutamol 100 mcg pMDI
Salbutamol 100mcg will be administered as pMDI on demand, as rescue medication, throughout the entire study period until Visit 5

Experimental: Sequence 2: BFF 320/9mcg to BFF 400/12mcg
Subjects will receive Regimen B in Treatment Period 1 followed by Regimen A in Treatment Period 2. The treatment periods will be separated by a wash out period of 4 weeks. Regimen A: Subjects will be instructed to take each morning and evening, 1 inhalation from a single capsule containing BFF (400/12 mcg) by single capsule inhaler. Regimen B: Subjects will be instructed to take each morning and evening,1 inhalation from BFF (320/9 mcg) TURBUHALER inhaler.
Drug: NEUMOTEROL 400 (BFF 400/12 mcg) single capsule inhaler
Micronized 400 mcg budesonide+ 12 mcg formoterol fumarate along with micronized and crystalline lactose monohydrate (excipient), per capsule dispensed by single capsule inhaler, twice daily (administered once in the morning and once in the evening approximately 12 hours later).

Drug: SYMBICORT forte (BFF 320/9mcg) TURBUHALER inhaler
Unit dose containing 320 mcg budesonide and 9 mcg formoterol fumarate (as dihidrate) along with lactose monohydrate as excipient. Administered as inhalation by TURBUHALER inhaler, twice daily (once in the morning and once in the evening approximately 12 hours later)

Drug: NEUMOTEX 400 (Budesonide 400 mcg)
Budesonide 400mcg will be administered to all the subjects twice daily, during the Run-in and Washout Periods

Drug: Salbutamol 100 mcg pMDI
Salbutamol 100mcg will be administered as pMDI on demand, as rescue medication, throughout the entire study period until Visit 5




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline (BL) in Trough Morning Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) at Day (D)29 [ Time Frame: BL (D1) and D29 (each TP) ]
    FEV1 is maximal amount of air, forcefully exhaled in one second. Trough FEV1 is defined as morning prebronchodilator and predose: 12 hours (h) after last evening dose D28 at end of each TP. Measured by spirometer in morning, before using bronchodilator and pre-dosing at wk1 D1 and wk4 D29 of each TP and test was performed within 30 minutes prior to dosing. Change from BL was analysed using mixed effects ANCOVA model fitting terms for subject-level (SL) BL, Adjusted period-specific (PS) BL, treatment group and period, with participant as random effect. PS BL value is pre-dose assessment collected on D1 of each TP. SL BL is arithmetic mean of PS BL values of participant. If only one of PS BL value is missing for participant, SL BL took value of other BL. If both PS BL values were missing, SL BL was set to missing. Period level BL=PS BL - associated SL BL.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. FEV1 Area Under the Curve (AUC) (0-10 h) at D1 of Each TP [ Time Frame: (0-10 h) at D1 (each TP) ]
    FEV1 is the maximal amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second. FEV1 AUC (0 to 10h) was measured at beginning of each TP. AUC was derived using values observed at the following timepoints: 0 minute (pre-morning dosing), 5 minutes (m), 15m, 30m, 1, 2, 5, and 10h; post morning dosing FEV1 values on D1 of each TP. Pre-dose was taken as, 0h timepoint on the visit of interest, and all subsequent timepoints were calculated relative to that timepoint. FEV1 AUC was analysed using mixed effects ANCOVA model fitting terms for subject-level (SL) BL, Adjusted period-specific(PS) BL, treatment group and period, with participant as random effect.

  2. Change From BL in Asthma Control Test (ACT) at 4 Wks for Each TP [ Time Frame: BL up to W4 (each TP) ]
    ACT was basically a five item questionnaire, to measure participant's asthma control. It comprised of five possible answers to each question, associated with a score of 1 to 5 (1=poor control and 5=good control), wherein the scores from each question were summed to give an overall score (5=poor control and 25=complete control). ACT was recommended during each visit and was completed by the participant before any procedures were performed, avoiding any influence of the participants response. Change from BL was analysed using mixed effects ANCOVA model fitting terms for subject-level (SL) BL, Adjusted period-specific(PS) BL, treatment group and period, with participant as random effect. PS BL value, is pre-dose assessment collected on D1 of each TP. SL BL, is arithmetic mean of PS BL values of participant. Participants with an ACT below 15 were excluded from the study.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female >=18 and <=80 years of age with a diagnosis of asthma at the time of signing the informed consent
  • A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of: Non-child bearing potential defined as premenopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea (in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone >40 milli-international unit/milliliter (mIU/mL) and oestradiol <40 picogram/millilitre (pg/mL) [<147 picomol/litre] is confirmatory) ; Females on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the contraception methods (i.e., in accordance with the approved product label and the instructions of the physician for the duration of the study from Screening to follow-up contact) if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of postmenopausal status before study enrolment. For most forms of HRT, at least 2 to 4 weeks should elapse between the cessation of therapy and the blood draw; this interval depends on the type and dosage of HRT. After confirmation of their postmenopausal status, they can resume use of HRT during the study without use of a contraceptive method; Child-bearing potential and is abstinent or agrees to use one of the contraception methods for an appropriate period of time (as determined by the product label or investigator) before the start of dosing to sufficiently minimise the risk of pregnancy at that point. Female subjects must agree to use contraception until at least 2 days post the last dose of study treatment ; Abstinence from penile-vaginal intercourse must be consistent with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject
  • Severity of disease: A best pre-bronchodilator FEV1 of >=40% to <=85% of the predicted normal value at Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit). . Percent predicted will be calculated using the European Respiratory Society Global Lung Function Initiative reference equations.
  • Reversibility of disease: Demonstrated >=12% and >=200 mL reversibility of FEV1 within 10 to 40 minutes after 2 to 4 inhalations of salbutamol inhalation aerosol (or equivalent nebulised treatment with salbutamol solution) at Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit)
  • Current anti-asthma therapy: All subjects must be using an ICS with or without LABA for at least 8 weeks and a stable dose for at least 4 weeks before Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit). Two populations are eligible for enrolment: Subjects maintained on ICS monotherapy (Budesonide 400 mcg to 800 mcg BID or equivalent) for at least 8 weeks and a stable dose for at least 4 weeks before Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit) or Subjects maintained on an ICS/LABA combination product (e.g., NEUMOTEROL 200/6 BID or 400/12 mcg BID or equivalent by other combination products or by separate inhalers) for at least 8 weeks and a stable dose for at least 4 weeks before Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit). Subjects taking budesonide/formoterol as needed must switch to maintenance dosing (excluding the highest dose) with use of a SABA for symptom relief at least 8 weeks and a stable dose for at least 4 weeks before Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit). NOTE: Subjects on low dose ICS monotherapy should only be enrolled, if, in the opinion of the investigator, after review of their medical history and clinical examination, they will be able to benefit from both an increase in ICS dose and the addition of LABA therapy arising from and ICS/LABA combination
  • Ability to withhold LABA therapy : Other than what is provided during the study, LABA therapy is not permitted on the day of Visit 1(Screening and Run-in Visit) and throughout the entire study. The last dose of pre-study LABA and LABA/ICS combinations are to be taken on the day before Visit 1. According to investigators judgement, patients should be able to withhold LABA therapy during the run-in and wash-out period.
  • SABA: All subjects must be able to replace their current SABA treatment with rescue salbutamol at Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit) for use as needed for the duration of the study. Subjects must be able to withhold salbutamol for at least 6 hours before each study visit
  • Liver safety criteria: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <=2×the upper limit of normal (ULN), Alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin <=1.5×ULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5×ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin is <35%) at Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit)
  • Electrocardiography (ECG) safety criteria : The subject must have no ECG abnormalities that would, in the opinion of investigator, compromise subject safety, or significantly affect subject's ability to complete the trial. As such, the investigator will determine the clinical significance of any ECG abnormality and determine if a subject is precluded from entering the study. At Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit), ECG safety criteria must be: QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) <450 microseconds (msec) or QTc <480 msec for patients with bundle branch block. The QTc is the QT interval corrected for heart rate according to either Bazett's formula (QTcB), Fridericia's formula (QTcF), or another method, machine or manual overread. The QTc should be based on single or averaged QTc values of triplicate ECGs obtained over a brief recording period. Investigators will be responsible for ensuring appropriate clinical interpretation of ECGs.
  • The subject and/or the subject's legal guardian (if applicable) must be capable of giving informed consent/assent, which includes compliance with the study requirements and restrictions listed in the consent/assent form

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of life-threatening asthma: Defined for this protocol as an asthma episode that required intubation and/or was associated with hypercapnia, respiratory arrest or hypoxic seizures within the last 10 years
  • Respiratory infection: Culture-documented or suspected bacterial or viral infection of the upper or lower respiratory tract, sinus or middle ear that is not resolved within 4 weeks of Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit) and led to a change in asthma management, or in the opinion of the investigator, is expected to affect the subject's asthma status or ability to participate in the study
  • Asthma exacerbation: Any asthma exacerbation requiring oral corticosteroids within 12 weeks of Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit)or that resulted in overnight hospitalisation requiring additional treatment for asthma within 6 months before Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit)
  • Asthma severely uncontrolled: ACT bellow 15 at Visit 1
  • Concurrent respiratory disease: A subject must not have current evidence of pneumonia, pneumothorax, atelectasis, pulmonary fibrotic disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or other respiratory abnormalities other than asthma
  • Other concurrent diseases/abnormalities: A subject must not have any clinically significant, uncontrolled condition or disease state that, in the opinion of the investigator, would put the safety of the subject at risk through study participation or would confound the interpretation of the efficacy results if the condition/disease exacerbated during the study. Additional excluded conditions/diseases may include (but not limited to): congestive heart failure, known aortic aneurysm, clinically significant coronary heart disease, clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia, stroke within 3 months of Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit), uncontrolled hypertension (two or more measurements with systolic blood pressure [BP] >160 millimeter mercury [mmHg], or diastolic BP >100 mmHg), Recent or poorly controlled peptic ulcer, Haematologic, hepatic, or renal disease, Immunologic compromise, Current malignancy(History of malignancy is acceptable only if subject has been in remission for one year before Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit) (remission = no current evidence of malignancy and no treatment for the malignancy in the 12 months before Visit 1 [Screening and Run-in Visit]), Tuberculosis (current or untreated) (subjects with a history of tuberculosis infection who have completed an appropriate course of anti-tuberculous treatment may be suitable for study entry provided that there is no clinical suspicion of active or recurrent disease), Cushing's disease, Addison's disease, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, uncontrolled thyroid disorder and recent history of drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Evidence of a severe exacerbation, defined as deterioration of asthma requiring the use of systemic corticosteroids (tablets, suspension, or injection) for at least 3 days or an in-patient hospitalisation or emergency department visit due to asthma that required systemic corticosteroids between Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit) and Visit 2 (randomization and Treatment Period 1 Baseline Visit)
  • Oropharyngeal examination: A subject will not be eligible for the Run-in if he/she has clinical visual evidence of candidiasis at Visit 1(Screening and Run-in Visit)
  • Investigational medications: A subject must not have administered any investigational drug within 30 days before Visit 1(Screening and Run-in Visit) or within five half-lives of the prior investigational drug (whichever is the longer of the two). The prior investigational drug half-life may be confirmed with the prior investigational study sponsor or by consulting relevant study documentation
  • Allergies: Drug allergy: Any adverse reaction including immediate or delayed hypersensitivity to any beta2 agonist, sympathomimetic drug, or any intranasal, inhaled, or systemic corticosteroid therapy. Known or suspected sensitivity to the constituents of the BFF TURBUHALER inhaler and capsules (i.e., lactose) ; Milk protein allergy: history of severe milk protein allergy
  • Concomitant medications: Administration of prescription or over the counter medication that would significantly affect the course of asthma, or interact with study treatment, such as: anticonvulsants (barbiturates, hydantoins, carbamazepine); polycyclic antidepressants; beta-adrenergic blocking agents; phenothiazines; and monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors; Immunosuppressive medications: A subject must not be using or require use of immunosuppressive medications during the study; cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors: Subjects who have received a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor within 4 weeks of Visit 1(Screening and Run-in Visit) (e.g., ritonavir, ketoconazole, itraconazole) ; Unable to refrain from the use of prescription or nonprescription drugs, including vitamins, herbal and dietary supplements (including St John's wort) within 7 days (or 14 days if the drug is a potential enzyme inducer) or five half-lives (whichever is longer) before the first dose of study treatment, unless in the opinion of the investigator and medical monitor the medication will not interfere with the study procedures or compromise subject safety; Any subjects that have previously received or are currently receiving omalizumab .
  • Medications prior to Screening : Use of the following medications within the defined times prior to Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit): Corticosteroids (Systemic, oral, or depot corticosteroids) (12 Weeks); inhaled corticosteroids(Monotherapy or in combination with a LABA for a minimum of 8 weeks and maintained on a stable dose for 4 weeks prior to Visit 1); SABA(6 hours prior to all spirometry assessments) (Study supplied SABA is permitted); LABA (Oral LABAs, inhaled LABAs or combination products containing inhaled LABAs) (1 day); Theophylline, ketotifen, sodium cromoglycate, nedocromil sodium (1 day); Short-acting anti-muscarinics (12 hours), Long-acting anti-muscarinics (7 days), Potent cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors (4 weeks), Leukotriene modifiers (48 hours), Immunosuppressive medication (6 months), Anti- immunoglobulin E (12 weeks); Prescription or over the counter medication that would significantly affect the course of asthma, or interact with sympathomimetic amines such as: anticonvulsants (1 day); Herbal medicines (Prescription or nonprescription drugs, including vitamins, herbal and dietary supplements [including St John's worth] unless in the opinion of the investigator and medical monitor the medication will not interfere with the study procedures or compromise subject safety) (7 days [or 14 days if the drug is a potential enzyme inducer] or five half-lives [whichever is longer]); Chinese traditional medicines (1 day) ; Any other investigational drug (30 days or within five half-lives, whichever is longer).
  • Compliance: A subject will not be eligible if he/she or his/her parent or legal guardian has any infirmity, disability, disease, or geographical location that seems likely (in the opinion of the investigator) to impair compliance with any aspect of this study protocol, including visit schedule and completion of the daily diaries
  • Tobacco use: Current smoker or a smoking history of >=10 pack-years (e.g., 20 cigarettes/day for 10 years). A subject must not have used inhaled tobacco products within the past 3 months (e.g., cigarettes, cigars or pipe tobacco). One pack year is defined as 20 manufactured cigarettes (1 pack) smoked per day for 1 year.
  • Pregnant females as determined by urine test at Visit 1 (Screening and Run-in Visit) or pre-dosing. A confirmatory serum pregnancy test is required if the urine test is questionable or positive
  • Lactating females
  • A positive hepatitis B surface antigen or positive hepatitis C test result
  • Subject is mentally or legally incapacitated Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures outlined in the protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02233803


Locations
Layout table for location information
Argentina
GSK Investigational Site
Ciudad autónoma de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina, C1028AAP
GSK Investigational Site
La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1900
GSK Investigational Site
Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 7600
GSK Investigational Site
Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, B7600FZN
GSK Investigational Site
Vicente Lopez, Buenos Aires, Argentina, B1602DOH
GSK Investigational Site
Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina, 2000
GSK Investigational Site
Berazategui, Buenos Aires, Argentina, B1884AAC
GSK Investigational Site
Berazategui, Argentina, 1886
GSK Investigational Site
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, C1121ABE
GSK Investigational Site
Monte Grande, Argentina, 1842
GSK Investigational Site
Rosario, Argentina, 2000
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02233803     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201435
First Posted: September 8, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 18, 2017
Last Update Posted: September 15, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
tolerability
NEUMOTEROL
efficacy
budesonide/formoterol fumarate 400/12 mcg
safety
Asthma
pharmacodynamics
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Budesonide
Formoterol Fumarate
Budesonide, Formoterol Fumarate Drug Combination
Asthma
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Albuterol
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Tocolytic Agents