ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 9 of 34 for:    Anhedonia

Proof of Mechanism Study for the Treatment of Social Anhedonia in ASD (ACEP4)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03243552
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 10, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
James McCracken, University of California, Los Angeles

Brief Summary:
This project will use the experimental medicine approach of a Phase IIa Proof of Mechanism 16-week, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of L-DOPA versus placebo administration in combination with a 16 week social skills training group in order to: 1) identify differences in social reward processes in adolescent and young adult ASD participants versus healthy controls as measured by fMRI activation in reward circuitry; 2) provide evidence of dopaminergic moderating effects on social reward components in ASD with greater pre- to post-treatment changes expected in the subjects randomized to L-DOPA versus placebo; 3) examine the hypothesis that baseline readouts of putative dopamine signaling (wanting activation responses) will predict the extent of fMRI reward-related activation changes pre- to post-treatment; and, 4) examine the proposed relationship between pre- to post- L-DOPA fMRI reward changes and changes in individual self-report ratings of social wanting and ratings of videotaped positive affect in a structured interaction with an examiner. The study will enroll 56 participants with DSM-5 ASD between the ages of 13-30 years of age and 18 healthy control participants without histories of psychopathology for baseline comparisons.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
ASD Drug: L-DOPA versus Placebo Behavioral: Social Skills Training Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Participants will comprise two groups: 1) 56 (male and female) adolescents and young adults likely to meet inclusion/exclusion confirmed by study assessment who will be outpatients, ages 13 to 30 years, inclusive; and 2) 18 (male and female) healthy adolescents and young adults without any history of significant psychiatric disorders or treatment, who will be ambulatory, and will reflect the racial, ethnic, and socio-economic composition of Los Angeles, and will be recruited without regard to gender, race, or ethnic background.

Healthy control adolescents (and parents) and young adults who meet all inclusion and exclusion criteria, will undergo a one-day 4-5 hour research evaluation of current functioning and behavior, cognitive function, including intellectual testing, urine drug screen, completion of questionnaires about possible psychological symptoms, perform brief tests to measure reward response, and complete a research Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan. Healthy control will not receive any interventions or medication.

All eligible ASD participants will be enrolled concurrently in a 16-week, structured, group-based, social skills training program (PEERS®). After screening evaluations, eligible subjects will undergo baseline MRI scanning and behavioral assessments (self- and parent-report measures, videotaped interaction) and then randomized in a blocked schedule to yield 1:1 L-DOPA: placebo assignment, before beginning weekly social skills training. Medication administration will begin simultaneously with social skills training, and subjects will be seen weekly for the 1st 8 weeks, then biweekly for the final 4 weeks for safety assessments, dose titration, and compliance checks. During the 16-week study period, primary behavioral assessments will be repeated at Week 8 and at end of study on Week 16. A second MRI scan will be obtained within + 4 days of last social skills session. A follow-up safety phone call to assess post-study condition will be performed 30 days after completion of double-blind. The rich set of behavioral observations obtained across the 16 weeks will allow the possible identification of early clinical efficacy changes associated with L-DOPA administration, which could add further support for investigating this mechanism in future studies. Results from the project should inform reseacher's understanding of determinants of social dysfunction in ASD and may support further investigation of treatments modulating central nervous system dopamine function as a therapeutic strategy to enhance social functioning in ASD.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 56 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Phase IIa Proof of Mechanism 16-week, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of L-DOPA versus placebo.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double-blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Proof of Mecahism Study for the Treatment of Social Anhedonia in ASD
Estimated Study Start Date : August 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Levodopa

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: L-DOPA versus Placebo
L-DOPA or placebo (1:1 randomization). Dosing will begin at 25mg carbidopa/100mg L-DOPA in 3 divided doses, with a fixed-flexible titration schedule, allowing dose increases once per week of 100mg L-DOPA. Maximum dose is 600mg/d.
Drug: L-DOPA versus Placebo
Participants will be randomized in a blocked schedule to yield 1:1 L-DOPA: placebo assignment.

Behavioral: Social Skills Training
ASD participants will be enrolled concurrently in a 16-week manualized, structured, group-based, social skills training program (PEERS).
Other Name: PEERS

Experimental: Social Skills
All participants will receive 16-week manualized social skills training.
Drug: L-DOPA versus Placebo
Participants will be randomized in a blocked schedule to yield 1:1 L-DOPA: placebo assignment.

Behavioral: Social Skills Training
ASD participants will be enrolled concurrently in a 16-week manualized, structured, group-based, social skills training program (PEERS).
Other Name: PEERS




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in fMRI: Social Reward Task from Baseline to week 16 (4 months) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ]
    BOLD Activation: VS, ACC, OFC, Amygdala, Hippocampus (same units of measure)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change on Anticipatory and Consummatory Interpersonal Pleasure Scale Adolescent (ACIPS-A) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 8 (midpoint), week 16 (4 month/end of study) ]
    Total Score (change in score by timepoint; before treatment, midpoint, end)

  2. Change on Anticipatory and Consummatory Interpersonal Pleasure Scale (ACIPS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 8 (midpoint), week 16 (4 month/end of study) ]
    Total Score (change in score by timepoint; before treatment, midpoint, end)

  3. Change on Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 (4 month/end of study) ]
    T Scores of Syndrome Scales for ages 18 or under

  4. Change on Youth Self Report (YSR) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 (4 month/end of study) ]
    T Scores of Syndrome Scales for ages 18 or under

  5. Change on Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 (4 month/end of study) ]
    T Scores of Syndrome Scales for ages 18 or over

  6. Change on SRS Self Report [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 8 (midpoint), week 16 (4 month/end of study) ]
    Social Anhedonia

  7. Change on SRS Parent Report [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 8 (midpoint), week 16 (4 month/end of study) ]
    Social Anhedonia

  8. change on Social Communication Interaction Test (SCIT) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 8 (midpoint), week 16 (4 month/end of study) ]
    6 subscales and total score (0-30)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ages 13 - 30 years inclusive;
  • meets diagnostic criteria for ASD by clinical evaluation and ADOS;
  • estimated FS IQ >70; 4) English reading ability of 6th grade;
  • ability to participate and complete protocol expectations (fMRI scan, testing) in the examining clinician's judgment; and
  • planned enrollment and acceptance for the UCLA PEERS® adolescent or young adult social skills training program.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • significant perceptual deficits;
  • need for continuation or anticipated of use of prohibited dopamine-modifying medications (stimulants, antipsychotics);
  • presence of serious behavioral comorbidity such as aggression, major depressive disorder requiring additional intervention, or self-injurious behavior, or current of past history of suspected psychotic disorder;
  • history of tic disorder;
  • presence of significant medical illness which may impact CNS function.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03243552


Contacts
Contact: Jenny T Cowen, PhD 310-825-6170 jcowen@mednet.ucla.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Los Angeles
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James T McCracken, MD University of California, Los Angeles

Responsible Party: James McCracken, Principal Investigator, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03243552     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACEPIV
First Posted: August 9, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 10, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anhedonia
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Levodopa
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs