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Trial record 19 of 27 for:    "Developmental Dyspraxia"

Taekwondo for Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02635711
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 21, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shirley S.M. Fong, The University of Hong Kong

Brief Summary:

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of a novel adapted Taekwondo (TKD) training programme on skeletal development and motor proficiency in pre-pubertal children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD).

Hypothesis: The TKD group participants will have improved skeletal development and motor proficiency outcomes after adapted TKD training compared with the controls.

Design and subjects: In this prospective, randomised, single-blinded controlled trial, approximately 104 children with DCD (6-9 years old) will be randomly assigned to either the adapted TKD group (n~52) or the control group (n~52).

Interventions: Subjects in the intervention group will receive adapted TKD training for 3 months (one supervised session/week plus daily home training, 1 hour per session), while subjects in the control group will receive no TKD training during the study period.

Study instruments and outcomes: Primary outcome measures: delay in skeletal development and motor proficiency will be measured by an ultrasonic bone age system and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, respectively. Secondary outcome measures: eye-hand coordination and standing balance will be measured by a computerised finger pointing test and the Sensory Organisation Test, respectively (pre-, post- and follow-up measurements).

Data analysis: Data will be analysed via repeated-measure analysis of (co)variance followed by post-hoc tests, if appropriate (alpha = 0.05).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Motor Skills Disorders Behavioral: Adapted Taekwondo training Behavioral: Control Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of a novel adapted Taekwondo (TKD) training programme on skeletal development and motor proficiency in pre-pubertal children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD).

Hypothesis: The TKD group participants will have improved skeletal development and motor proficiency outcomes after adapted TKD training compared with the controls.

Design and subjects: In this prospective, randomised, single-blinded controlled trial, approximately 104 children with DCD (6-9 years old) will be randomly assigned to either the adapted TKD group (n~52) or the control group (n~52).

Interventions: Subjects in the intervention group will receive adapted TKD training for 3 months (one supervised session/week plus daily home training, 1 hour per session), while subjects in the control group will receive no TKD training during the study period.

Study instruments and outcomes: Primary outcome measures: delay in skeletal development and motor proficiency will be measured by an ultrasonic bone age system and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, respectively. Secondary outcome measures: eye-hand coordination and standing balance will be measured by a computerised finger pointing test and the Sensory Organisation Test, respectively (pre-, post- and follow-up measurements).

Data analysis: Data will be analysed via repeated-measure analysis of (co)variance followed by post-hoc tests, if appropriate (alpha = 0.05).

Expected results: Based on the results of our pilot study, the investigators expect that the subjects in the adapted TKD group will have improved skeletal development and motor proficiency outcomes after TKD training compared with the controls.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 104 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Adapted Taekwondo Training on Skeletal Development and Motor Proficiency in Pre-pubertal Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder
Study Start Date : December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Adapted Taekwondo training
An adapted TKD training regime which was developed by our research team [16] will be used in this study. This training programme is designed to train balance control, eye-hand coordination and facilitate skeletal development for children with DCD. The high-impact striking techniques (e.g., punching and blocking) incorporated in the programme may stimulate bone growth [15]. Subjects who are assigned to the TKD training group will attend a weekly 1-h session of TKD training that will be held at the University of Hong Kong for 12 weeks. All TKD training sessions will be conducted by a qualified World Taekwondo Federation black belt coach.
Behavioral: Adapted Taekwondo training
Adapted Taekwondo training for beginners

Active Comparator: Control
Subjects who are assigned to the DCD-control group will receive no TKD training during the study period. Instead, they will participate in jogging exercise daily (one hour per day) for 12 weeks. Participants will be encouraged to jog to school or other places every day, as appropriate. Pedometers will be used to monitor their exercise level and enhance habitual physical activity. The pedometer count (steps per day) will be documented in a log book by the parents. Signed log books will be returned to our research personnel after the intervention period. In addition, children with DCD in this group will receive an adapted TKD training menu and 12 training/demonstration sessions immediately after the follow-up testing is completed.
Behavioral: Control
Daily jogging




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in delay in skeletal development: ultrasonic bone age measurement [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 3 and 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in eye-hand coordination: finger pointing test [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 3 and 6 months ]
  2. Change in standing balance: Sensory Organisation Test [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 3 and 6 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 9 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Between 6 and 9 years of age
  • In Tanner stage I (i.e., pre-pubertal - no pubic hair; boys: testicular volume <1.5 mL as measured by the water displacement test and small penis of <3 cm; girls: no glandular tissue/breasts not developed) as reported by the parents using sexual maturity diagrams [9]
  • Diagnosed with DCD based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR or DSM-V) [1]
  • A Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency gross motor composite score of ≤42 [17]; (5) attending a local mainstream primary school
  • Normal intelligence
  • Able to follow instructions
  • No experience in TKD or other martial arts.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed with neurological or other movement disorders
  • Diagnosed with psychiatric, congenital, sensory, musculoskeletal or cardiopulmonary disorders that can affect motor performance or skeletal development
  • Receiving active treatment, including complementary and alternative medicine
  • Demonstrating excessive disruptive behaviour.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02635711


Contacts
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Contact: Shirley SM Fong, PhD +85297090337 smfong@hku.hk
Contact: Shirley SM Fong, PhD +85228315260 smfong@hku.hk

Locations
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Hong Kong
University of Hong Kong Recruiting
Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Contact: Shirley SM Fong, PT, PhD    852-97090337    smfong@hku.hk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Hong Kong
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Shirley SM Fong, PhD The University of Hong Kong

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Responsible Party: Shirley S.M. Fong, Dr, The University of Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02635711     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01
First Posted: December 21, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 21, 2015
Last Verified: December 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease
Motor Skills Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders