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Pain in Competitive Athletes With Physical Disabilities: Techniques, Support and Perceived Difficulties

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05639842
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 6, 2022
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sandra Constantino Murillo, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid

Brief Summary:
Pain in physically disabled athletes affects the sporting career directly or indirectly through psychological consequences. Numerous studies address psychological skills in able-bodied athletes and in able-bodied athletes they are scarce.This information is part of a research project aimed at finding resources to help athletes in their pain management.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Pain Athletes Physical Disability Other: Pain in competitive athletes with physical disabilities. Techniques for its management, support received and perceived difficulties.

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this study is to determine how competitive athletes perceive how pain can affect their sporting careers; what techniques and/or strategies athletes use for pain management and how useful these are; to determine the extent to which athletes with disabilities have received support for pain management and to what extent they have found it useful; and to determine the difficulties they often face in managing their pain.The aim of this questionnaire is to find out how pain, resulting from injury, can affect the sporting careers of competitive athletes with physical disabilities and what techniques they use to manage it.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 413 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: Pain in Competitive Athletes With Physical Disabilities: Techniques for Its Management, Support Received and Perceived Difficulties
Actual Study Start Date : December 9, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 9, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : April 17, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Health Checkup

Intervention Details:
  • Other: Pain in competitive athletes with physical disabilities. Techniques for its management, support received and perceived difficulties.
    A total of 413 athletes with physical disabilities participated in the study, 157 Spanish athletes and 260 Latin American athletes. The athletes were contacted through different sports federations, Paralympic Committees and sports teams of people with disabilities.For the distribution of the questionnaire, the researcher made an initial telephone contact with the Spanish Paralympic Committee and the Spanish Sports Federation for People with Physical Disabilities, to explain the objectives of the study and ask for their collaboration in the dissemination. Subsequently, the information was officially sent to them by email.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cross-sectional surveys [ Time Frame: 5 months ]
    An ad-hoc questionnaire was developed with questions that sought to respond to the specific objectives of this study, taking into consideration the information obtained in the previous qualitative study. The questionnaire consisted of 74 questions, 68 closed multiple-choice and 6 open-ended, organised into six sections: characteristics of the athlete, how pain affects their sporting career, tolerance and acceptance of pain, techniques and strategies for managing pain, social support for pain management and finally difficulties in pain management. A Likert scale from 1 (very infrequently) to 5 (very often) was used.Depending on the interpretation of the questions asked in each section, higher scores mean a better or worse result.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
A total of 413 participants were interviewed on a voluntary basis. Spanish and Latin American nationality.

Inclusion Criteria:


  • Competitive athletes.
  • Physical disability.
  • Age without criteria.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Failure to meet the inclusion criteria.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05639842

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Sandra Constantino Murillo
Madrid, Spain, 28410
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universidad Politecnica de Madrid
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Principal Investigator: Sandra Constantino Murillo Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.
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Responsible Party: Sandra Constantino Murillo, Principal Investigator, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05639842    
Other Study ID Numbers: UPMadrid.
First Posted: December 6, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2022
Last Verified: December 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Sandra Constantino Murillo, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid:
Physical disability
Chronic pain
Psychological models