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Groceries for Black Residents of Boston to Stop Hypertension Among Adults With Treated Hypertension (GoFreshRx)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05393232
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 26, 2022
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen Juraschek, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Brief Summary:
GoFreshRx is a randomized trial, testing the effects of a home-delivered DASH-patterned grocery intervention on blood pressure in Black adults actively treated for hypertension, residing in Boston area urban food deserts.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypertension Behavioral: Dietitian-Assisted DASH groceries Behavioral: Self-directed shopping Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Hypertension affects over half of Black adults in the United States - more than any other group - and diet is a principal determinant of disparities in hypertension among Black adults. While the DASH diet is a proven strategy for lowering blood pressure in Black adults, diet disparities are increasing in urban food deserts due to poor access and the high costs of healthy foods. Our proposed clinical trial will randomize 150 Black adults, who are actively treated for hypertension and reside in Boston area urban food deserts to either:

  1. 12 weeks of dietitian-assisted, DASH grocery delivery via an online, virtual grocery store at an amount sufficient to replace all Calorie needs of each participant, allowing for some sharing with family members

    or

  2. Self-directed shopping with a monthly stipend over a 3-month period

After the 12-week intervention phase, participants will undergo a 9-month observation phase. At 3-months after the intervention is complete the investigators will repeat in-person study assessments and perform qualitative interviews in a subset of the population to determine barriers and facilitators to intermediate-term maintenance of the intervention. At 9-months after the intervention, participants will participate in a phone visit designed to assess longer-term maintenance of the intervention.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Individual level, parallel, randomized trial
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Outcomes assessors will not know randomization assignment. Investigators will not know randomization assignment. Participants and the nutritionist/dietitian interventionist will need to know randomization assignment in order to carry out the intervention.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of DASH Groceries on Blood Pressure in Black Residents of Urban Food Deserts With Treated Hypertension
Estimated Study Start Date : August 15, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dietitian-Assisted DASH groceries
Participants will order groceries sufficient to meet their caloric needs each week for 12 weeks with the assistance of a dietitian/nutrition interventionist. Groceries will be delivered to participants' homes or picked up at a convenient location. The dietitian/nutrition interventionist will provide brief educational content at the time of food delivery. Orders will be placed via phone or through virtual counseling sessions. During the remainder of the study (months 4-12), participants will be asked to apply what they learned without the provision of groceries.
Behavioral: Dietitian-Assisted DASH groceries

The DASH ("Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension"), is a healthy dietary pattern that lowers blood pressure without reducing weight. The DASH diet emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; includes whole grains, poultry, fish, and nuts; and is reduced in red meat, sweets, and sugar-containing beverages.

Intervention Phase:

This intervention is a weekly, 12-week DASH dietary intervention. A dietitian will assist participants in ordering groceries in a pattern consistent with the DASH diet to be delivered to their homes. The quantity of groceries will be based on participant Calorie needs and family size.

Observation Phase:

For months 4-12 of the study, participants will be asked to continue following a DASH grocery shopping pattern without the provision of weekly groceries.


Active Comparator: Self-directed shopping (referent assignment)
Participants will receive a monthly stipend over a 3 month period and some basic information about healthy eating. The stipend is not restricted to foods. During the remainder of the study (months 4-12), participants will be asked to continue their typical shopping without the provision of the monthly stipend.
Behavioral: Self-directed shopping

Intervention Phase:

Participants will receive some basic information on healthy eating and a monthly stipend at 4, 8, and 12-weeks of the intervention.

Observation Phase:

For months 4-12 of the study, participants will be asked to follow their typical shopping pattern without the provision of a monthly stipend.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Seated, office-based, systolic blood pressure (intervention phase) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 months after randomization ]
    In-person, measured with an automated oscillometric device that will perform 3 measurements.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Seated, office-based, systolic blood pressure (observation phase) [ Time Frame: Measured 6 months after randomization ]
    In-person, measured with an automated oscillometric device that will perform 3 measurements.

  2. Seated, office-based, diastolic blood pressure (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    In-person, measured with an automated oscillometric device that will perform 3 measurements.

  3. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring: wake-time systolic and diastolic blood pressure (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring with a mobile blood pressure device that will measure blood pressure over a 24-hour period.

  4. Body Mass Index (BMI) (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    In-person, measurement based on height and weight. Height is measured via a stadiometer and weight is measured via calibrated scale.

  5. 24-hour urine potassium (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    Collected at home after a clinic void over a 24-hour period

  6. 24-hour urine sodium (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    Collected at home after a clinic void over a 24-hour period

  7. Hemoglobin A1c (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    In-person blood collection; measure of glycemia over the preceding 3 months

  8. Lipids (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    Measured in fasted serum specimens collected during phlebotomy. Includes total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, derived low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides

  9. Serum potassium (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    Measured in blood as part of a basic metabolic panel

  10. Serum creatinine (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    Measured in blood as part of a basic metabolic panel

  11. Daily intake of fat, fruits, and vegetables (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3, 6, and 12 months after randomization ]
    Assessed via questionnaire in-person and via phone call; assessed via a validated food screener (Block et al; PMID: 10788730).

  12. 24-hour dietary recall (intervention & observation phases) [ Time Frame: Measured 3 and 6 months after randomization ]
    Assessed via questionnaire in-person using the Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR)


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Qualitative Interviews [ Time Frame: 6 months after randomization ]
    The investigators will perform qualitative interviews in a subpopulation of both study assignments to assess for barriers and facilitators related to long-term maintenance of the intervention.

  2. Short Form 12 Item Health Survey (SF-12) [ Time Frame: Measured 3, 6, and 12 months after randomization ]
    Assessment of global health-related quality of life

  3. Grocery shopping and dining habits [ Time Frame: Measured 3, 6, and 12 months after randomization ]
    This is a modified version of the interviewer-administered SHoPPER (Study of Household Purchasing Patterns, Eating, and Recreation) instrument (French et al; PMID: 30808311) with some modifications to assess grocery shopping, meal preparation, and dining behaviors and habits.

  4. Perceived Stress Scale 4 (PSS-4) [ Time Frame: Measured 3, 6, and 12 months after randomization ]
    An instrument used to assess participants' feelings about stress



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION:

  • Self-reported/self-identified as Black or African American
  • Resting systolic blood pressure of 120 to <150 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure <100 mm Hg
  • Active treatment with medications intended for hypertension treatment within the last 6 months at stable doses
  • Residence in communities identified by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health as Suffolk County (Boston area) food deserts: Brighton, Chelsea, Dorchester, Hyde Park, Mattapan, Revere, Roxbury, or Winthrop
  • Able to receive home-delivered groceries or pick them up at a convenient location and willing to eat only the groceries provided over a 12-week period
  • Have access to refrigeration, cooking appliances, and Wi-Fi/cellular service
  • Have access to mobile device or computer to be able to conduct grocery orders via video conference or by phone
  • Willing and able to complete required measurement procedures

EXCLUSION:

Laboratory Exclusions:

  • Serum potassium ≥5.0 mmol/L or <3.5 mmol/L
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 mL/min per 1.73 m^2 by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation
  • Hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5%

Medication Exclusions:

  • Unstable doses of medications that lower blood pressure or medications intended for hypertension treatment (including antihypertensives taken for non-hypertension purposes) within the last 6 months
  • Unstable doses (i.e. a change in the 2 months prior to screening or randomization) of the following:

    • Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors
    • Stimulants
    • Inhaled or oral medications for asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    • Hormone replacement therapy or thyroid hormone
    • Weight-increasing psychotropic agents, including antipsychotic agents, lithium, and mirtazapine
  • Use of any of the following medications:

    • Potassium supplement, except if part of a multivitamin
    • Warfarin (Coumadin)
    • Chronic oral corticosteroid (intermittent use is okay)
    • Weight loss medications (including GLP-1 receptor agonists)
  • Unwillingness to keep same dose of vitamin, mineral, and botanical supplements
  • Any medication not compatible with participation as determined by the investigators

Physical Exclusions:

  • Systolic blood pressure ≥150 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥100 mm Hg
  • Body weight >420 pounds
  • Arm circumference >50cm
  • Weight loss or gain of >5.0% of body weight during prior 2 months

Medical History Exclusions:

  • Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes defined as a hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% or diabetes treatment
  • Active cardiovascular disease or any event in the prior 6 months, including coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or congestive heart failure (CHF) exacerbation requiring hospital admission
  • Cancer diagnosis or treatment in the last 2 years (non-melanoma skin cancer or localized breast or prostate or bladder cancer not requiring systemic therapy is acceptable)
  • Active inflammatory bowel disease, bowel resection, malabsorptive syndrome, pancreatitis (episode within past year), or history of bariatric surgery
  • Pregnancy or lactation or planned pregnancy
  • Any emergency department (ED) visit for asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the last 6 months
  • Any other serious illness or condition not compatible with participation as determined by the investigators

Lifestyle and Other Exclusions:

  • Significant food allergies, preferences, intolerances, or dietary requirements that would interfere with diet adherence
  • Consumption of more than 14 alcoholic drinks per week or consumption of more than 6 drinks on one or more occasion per week
  • Active substance use disorder that would interfere with participation
  • Extreme food insecurity
  • Participation in or planning to start weight loss program
  • Current participation in another clinical trial that could interfere with the study protocol
  • Anticipated change in residence prior to the end of the study
  • Families with more than 3 adults at dinner time (acceptable: 3 adults; 2 adults, 2 children, or 1 adult, 4 children)
  • Investigator discretion

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05393232


Contacts
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Contact: Stephen P Juraschek, MD, PhD 617-754-1416 sjurasch@bidmc.harvard.edu
Contact: Ruth-Alma Turkson-Ocran, PhD, FNP rturkson@bidmc.harvard.edu

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center - Clinical Research Center Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Marwa Elborki    617-903-7943    gofresh@bidmc.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Stephen P Juraschek, MD, PhD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Stephen Juraschek, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05393232    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2022P000221
R01MD016068 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 26, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: This project is complementary to the GoFresh Study (funded by the American Heart Association) with the purpose of creating a pooled resource of the two trials for secondary data analysis. Participants will be informed of sharing planning during the informed consent process.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: 6-12 months after the study is complete
Access Criteria: Upon reasonable request to investigators.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Stephen Juraschek, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center:
hypertension
blood pressure
nutrition
diet
DASH
sodium
trial
dietitian
cholesterol
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hypertension
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases