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Pancreatic Cancer Screening for At-risk Individuals (PancreasScan)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05006131
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 16, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Washington University School of Medicine
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mandeep Sawhney, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The investigators' goal is to conduct a prospective multicenter study to evaluate the yield and outcomes of screening of pancreas cancer in individuals who are at-risk for pancreatic cancer. We plan to use International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS3) Consortium recommendations to standardize study population, screening methodology, and study outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Pancreatic Cancer, Adult Other: Screening for pancreatic cancer

Detailed Description:

Methods The investigators' goal is to conduct a prospective multicenter study to evaluate the yield and outcomes of pancreas cancer screening in high-risk individuals. High-risk patients who are undergoing pancreatic cancer screening in accordance with national guidelines at participating study centers will be eligible for the study. Information regarding patient characteristics, findings at screening examination, and patient outcomes will be collected.

Primary Outcome (Primary Aim):

To identify the proportion of patients who meet International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening Consortium screening criteria 3rd update (CAPS Jan 2020), or more updated national guidelines, who are found at the screening to have high-risk pancreatic lesions amenable to treatment (definition of "high-risk lesions amenable to treatment" is provided under the section on study outcomes).

Secondary outcomes (Secondary Aims) will include (details are provided under the section on study outcomes):

  1. Proportion of patients diagnosed with any stage pancreatic cancer
  2. proportion of patients undergoing pancreatic surgery
  3. Cancer-related outcome, defined as a cancer-related death
  4. proportion of patients experience harms, defined as any complications/adverse event due to screen related procedures
  5. Comparison of cancer outcome, defined cancer-related death, in screen-detected cancer with cancer outcomes reported by the SEERs population-based registry. Study overview Study type: a prospective observational cohort High-risk patients who meet study inclusion criteria at study centers will be identified.

Screening and patient follow-up will be performed at individual study centers per standard clinical practice. Patient characteristics, screening performed and screening results, clinical outcome data will be collected by individual study centers. This data will be stored and analyzed at central study REDCap located at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC)

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 500 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Pancreatic Cancer Screening for At-risk Individuals (The Pancreas Scan Study)
Actual Study Start Date : July 10, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 10, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 10, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Patients who are at high-risk for pancreatic cancer
Patients that meet the eligibility criteria based on CAPS3 or updated national pancreatic cancer screening guidelines
Other: Screening for pancreatic cancer
Screening for pancreatic cancer using EUS or MRI




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of screening patients found to have high-risk pancreatic lesions amenable to treatment [ Time Frame: From year 1 to year 8, according to the standard of care designated by GI team. ]
    Proportion of patients who meet CAPS 3 or updated national screening guidelines criteria who are found at screening to have high-risk pancreatic lesions amenable to treatment. These are defined as the following: Lesions with high-grade dysplasia (HGD), High-grade pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN), Resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic cancers that were staged T1-3, N0-2, and M0 designated as resectable or borderline resectable. Cancers that were staged as T4 or M1 were considered locally advanced or metastatic and therefore designated as unresectable, Main duct intra-ductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN)., Branch-duct IPMN with "worrisome features", cyst associated with an abrupt change in main pancreatic duct caliber with pancreatic atrophy, Neuroendocrine tumor ≥ 2 cm.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of screening patients found to have high-risk pancreatic lesions [ Time Frame: From year 1 screening to year 8 screening (annually) ]
    Proportion of patients who meet CAPS screening eligibility criteria, who are found at screening to have high-risk pancreatic lesions amenable to treatment

  2. Proportion of screening patients found to have low or moderate-risk pancreatic lesions by screening [ Time Frame: From year 1 to year 8, according to the standard of care designated by GI team. ]

    Proportion of patients undergoing pancreatic cancer screening who are found to have low or moderate-risk pancreatic lesions. Low or moderate-risk pancreatic lesions pancreatic lesions are defined as:

    1. Branch-duct IPMN without HGD
    2. Neuroendocrine tumor < 2 cm
    3. dilation of main pancreatic duct < 8 mm
    4. Chronic pancreatitis-like change

  3. Proportion of patients undergoing screening who undergo pancreatic surgery [ Time Frame: From year 1 to year 8.(throughout the duration of the study) ]
    Proportion of patients who undergo pancreatic surgery as a result of screening test results following the Fukuoka revised guidelines for the management for high-risk lesions or surgical treatment designated by interdisciplinary medical team

  4. Proportion of "low yield" pancreatic surgeries performed in screening patients [ Time Frame: From year 1 to year 8.(throughout the duration of the study) ]
    Proportion of patients who undergo "low-yield pancreatic surgery" as a result of screening test results. Low yield pancreatic surgery is defined surgery where surgical pathology does not yield high-risk pancreatic lesions. See primary outcome for definition of high-risk pancreatic lesions.

  5. Proportion of screening patients who undergo non-pancreatic surgery [ Time Frame: From year 1 to year 8, according to the standard of care designated by GI team ]
    Proportion of patients who undergo non- pancreatic surgery as a result of screening test results.

  6. Proportion of screening patients who experience complications/adverse events of screen-related procedures [ Time Frame: From year 1 to year 8, according to standard of care designated by GI team ]
    Proportion of patients who experienced any complications or adverse events due to screen-related procedures as Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS), Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) or others that have been designated by attending in the GI department. Complications and adverse events will be aggregated to be reported as one value (complications/adverse events). Complications, defined as adverse events that emphasize direct causality between medical care and the adverse outcome or event. Adverse event, defined as an event that may or may not be preventable or result from a medical error



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Any patient who meets the eligibility criteria exposed above based on CAPS3 or updated national pancreatic screening guidelines criteria at BIDMC and collaboration centers part of the study in the time frame of 2020-2028
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Inclusion criteria 1-3 are indications for pancreatic cancer screening as defined by the CAPS3 guidelines or updated national pancreatic cancer screening guidelines. Patients who do not meet these guidelines but are undergoing pancreatic cancer screening at the discretion of their treating physician at participating study centers will also be included in the study. Based upon the indication for screening, patients will be categorized as either meeting CAPS3 screening criteria, or not meeting CAPS3 screening criteria.

    1. Familial Pancreatic cancer kindred. This is defined as family history of pancreas cancer that meet the criteria listed below.

      1. If at least two affected relatives who are First degree relatives (FDR) to each other, of whom at least one is an FDR to the individual considered for surveillance
      2. If at least three affected relatives on the same side of the family, of whom at least one is an FDR to the individual considered for surveillance
      3. If at least two affected relatives on the same side of the family, of whom at least one is an FDR to the individual considered for surveillance Screening is usually initialed at age 50 years or 10 years younger than the youngest family member with pancreatic cancer
    2. Patients with genetic susceptibility to pancreas cancer

      1. Patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome diagnosed with using clinical criteria or with a deleterious mutation in liver kinase B1/Serine/threonine kinase 11 (LKB1/STK11). Screening is usually initiated at age 40 years or later.
      2. Patients with Familial Atypical Multiple Mole Melanoma Syndrome (FAMMM syndrome), diagnosed using clinical criteria or CDKN2A p16 mutation.

Screening is usually initiated at age 45 years or 10 years younger than the youngest family member with pancreatic cancer.

  1. Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer syndrome: diagnosed using clinical criteria or deleterious Breast Cancer gene 1 (BRCA1), Breast Cancer gene 2 (BRCA2), Partner and Localizer of BRCA2 (PALB2). The usual indication for screening is:

    • BRCA1 mutation and at least one affected first-degree relative with pancreatic cancer
    • BRCA 2 mutation and at least one affected first-degree relative, or at least two relatives of any degree with pancreatic cancer
    • PALB2 mutation and at least one affected first-degree relative with pancreatic cancer Screening is usually initiated at age 45 or 10 years younger than the youngest family member with pancreatic cancer; or per updated national screening guidelines
  2. Lynch syndrome or Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated (ATM) mutations with at least one affected first-degree relative (FDR). Lynch syndrome could be diagnosed either by using clinical criteria or Mutator L homolog 1 (MLH1), Mutator S homolog 2 (MSH2), Mutator S homolog 6 (MSH6), Postmeiotic Segregation Increased, S. Cerevisiae, 2 (PMS2) or EPCAM mutation.

    Screening to be initiated at age 45 or 10 years younger than the youngest family member with pancreatic cancer.

  3. Patients with hereditary pancreatitis diagnosed using clinical criteria or deleterious Serine Protease 1 (PRSS1) mutation. Screening is usually initiated at age 40 years or 10 years younger than the youngest family member with pancreatic cancer 3. New-onset diabetes, age > 50 years with weight loss. 4. Patients who do not meet these CAPS screening criteria but are determined by the site principal investigator to be high-risk for pancreatic cancer based upon family history or other risk factors, and are undergoing pancreatic cancer screening will also be included in the study. Indication for pancreatic cancer screening and age at which screening was initiated will be recorded.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of pancreatic cancer who are undergoing diagnostic EUS or MRCP e.g. acute recurrent pancreatitis, abnormal imaging

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05006131


Contacts
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Contact: Andy Silva-Santisteban, MD 857-207-7380 asantist@bidmc.harvard.edu
Contact: Roya Dastjerdi, MPH 617-667-4046 rdastjer@bidmc.harvard.edu

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Roya Dastjerdi, MPH    617-667-4046    rdastjer@bidmc.harvard.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mandeep Sawhney, MD,MS,FASGE         
Sub-Investigator: Andy Silva-Santisteban, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Washington University School of Medicine
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mandeep Sawhney, MD,MS,FASGE BIDMC-Harvard Medical School
Publications:
Borgida, A., Holter, S., Thomas, C., Jhaveri, K., Haider, M. A., & Gallinger, S. Screening individuals at increased risk for pancreatic cancer using biannual contrast MRI. Familial Cancer, 2017, 16 (1 Supplement 1), S108
Kwon, R., Dust, H., McCarthy, S., Hosmer, A., Carulli, A., Scheiman, J., . . . Stoffel, E Outcomes of pancreatic cancer surveillance in high risk individuals. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 2019, 114 (Supplement), S19.

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Responsible Party: Mandeep Sawhney, Co-Director for GI Endoscopy & Director for Endoscopy Research, BIDMC, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05006131    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2020P000872
First Posted: August 16, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 16, 2021
Last Verified: August 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Mandeep Sawhney, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center:
Pancreatic cancer screening
Early detection of pancreatic cancer
Genetic susceptibility to pancreatic cancer
BRCA 1
BRCA 2
familial pancreatic cancer
Endoscopic Ultrasound
MRI
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases