Working… Menu

Effect of rhGM-CSF on the Healing of Venous Leg Ulcers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04823962
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 1, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 1, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ewa Anna Burian, Reponex Pharmaceuticals A/S

Brief Summary:
The objective of this study is to examine whether local administration of the growth factor rhGM-CSF incorporated into a hydrogel, can accelerate wound healing when applied to venous leg ulcers, and whether this is safe.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Venous Leg Ulcer Drug: rhGM-CSF + hydrogel Drug: Placebo hydrogel Other: Standard care Phase 2

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A randomized, placebo-controlled and double-blind, phase II clinical trial
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Topical rhGM-CSF on the Healing of Venous Leg Ulcers: a Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind, Clinical Phase II Study
Actual Study Start Date : March 11, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 30, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 30, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GM-CSF
rhGM-CSF (molgramostim) + hydrogel
Drug: rhGM-CSF + hydrogel
The active substance: molgramostim (rhGM-CSF)
Other Names:
  • Repogel
  • Molgramostim

Other: Standard care
Compression therapy and neutral dressings

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Drug: Placebo hydrogel
Placebo hydrogel

Other: Standard care
Compression therapy and neutral dressings

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients reaching a 40% ulcer area reduction, or more, 4 weeks after initiation of the study drug treatment/placebo [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after initiation of the study drug treatment/placebo ]
    Ulcer size (area in cm2) will be assessed on the randomization day (Day 0; initiation of the study drug treatment/placebo) and at the end of the study drug/placebo treatment (D28+1)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Absolute change of the ulcer area [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks after randomization ]
    The ulcer size is compared in terms of change in cm2 from the randomization day

  2. Percentage change of the ulcer area [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks after randomization ]
    The ulcer size is compared in terms of percentage change from the randomization day

  3. Complete ulcer healing [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks after randomization ]
    Number of subjects reaching complete ulcer healing; Full epithelization and no drainage of wound fluid or dressing requirements

  4. Time to complete ulcer healing [ Time Frame: Through study completion (8 weeks) ]
    Time to complete ulcer healing in days, with the randomization day as baseline

  5. Clinical improvement of the wound healing process [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks after randomization ]
    Semi-quantitatively measured (major improvement, minor improvement, status quo or worsening)

  6. Assessment of the safety profile [ Time Frame: Throughout the trial (8 weeks) ]
    All clinical and laboratory adverse events will be assessed and recorded.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Exploratory measurement: Changes in the levels of cytokines and growth factors in the wound fluid [ Time Frame: Wound fluid is collected at three time points: Before initiation of the study drug/placebo (Day 0), after two weeks of treatment (Day 14) and at the end of the treatment period (Day 28). ]
    Changes in the levels of each cytokine and growth factor will be quantified over time

  2. Exploratory measurement: Wound status [ Time Frame: Throughout the trial (8 weeks) ]
    Degree of inflammation, granulation tissue, necrosis/slough, exudation and infection. Semi-quantitatively measured.

  3. Exploratory measurement: Changes in the microbiome (number of viable bacteria) [ Time Frame: Before initiation of study drug and after two weeks of treatment ]
    Assessed by the colony-forming unit (CFU)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Men and women aged aged 18 years or older
  2. Patients with at least one difficult-to-heal venous leg ulcer on standard care (diagnosed by clinical evaluation) localized between the knee and ankle, including the perimalleolar area.
  3. Venous insufficiency confirmed by a venous Doppler/duplex ultrasound scan. A previous scan before randomization can be used. If there is no previous adequate scanning, a new scanning has to be performed before randomization.
  4. Ulcer size 2-75 cm2 at randomization day (D0), the upper limit being defined as the largest ulcer in size that fits the area selection criteria
  5. Ulcer duration ≥2 months and ≤3 years
  6. Negative p-HCG for women of childbearing potential
  7. Patient able to understand Danish
  8. Patient able to comply with the protocol
  9. Patient fully informed about the study and having given written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Characteristics of the index ulcer:

    1. Exposed bone, tendon, ligament, cartilage, joint or muscle
    2. Cellulitis or clinical ulcer infection at the screening day D-4, or the day of randomization, D0.
    3. Ulcers adjacent to the index ulcer that could interfere with the index ulcer, as judged by investigator
  2. Patients that are unsuitable for the compression therapy used in the study
  3. Known allergy towards GM-CSF, excipients or any other substances or remedies used in the trial.
  4. Vascularization: Ankle-brachial index ≤0.7
  5. Active or history of following diseases:

    1. Cancer (past history of well-treated cancer is however accepted after a control period of more than two years).
    2. Following autoimmune diseases: rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune thrombocytopenia, thyroiditis, psoriasis, nephritis or multiple sclerosis.
    3. Lower extremity deep venous thrombosis within the last 3 months
  6. Any of following active diseases:

    1. Serious heart disease, including unstable angina pectoris, a major cardiac event such as myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure NYHA class III-IV within 3 months before the study
    2. Neutrophilic dermatoses (e.g. pyoderma gangrenosum and Sweet's syndrome)
    3. Severe renal-, hepatic or pulmonary insufficiency or severely dysregulated diabetes, as judged by investigator
    4. Myeloproliferative diseases and hematologic diseases (e.g. myelodysplastic syndrome and leukemia). Anemia due to chronic infection or due to deficiency of iron, B12 or folic acid is accepted if Hb >5 mmol/L).
    5. Significant dementia
  7. Biochemistry with clinically significant abnormalities that could preclude study participation as judged by the investigator, such as:

    1. eGFR <20 mL/min/1.73 m2
    2. Hb <5 mmol/L
    3. ALAT >1.5 x upper limit of normal value
    4. Albumin < 20 g/l
  8. Prohibited therapy:

    1. Systemic immunosuppressive treatment, immunomodulators, cytotoxic chemotherapy (exception: usage of corticosteroids) on D-4 or D0.
    2. Corticosteroids with a daily dose equivalent to >10 mg of prednisolone per day on D-4 or D0.
    3. Topical corticosteroids in the index ulcer bed or within 1 cm of the ulcer edge on D-4 or D0.
    4. Biologics within 3 months of D-4 (anti-VEGF treatment in the eye in e.g. diabetics is however allowed).
  9. Weight <50 kg or BMI >50
  10. Participation in another clinical trial
  11. Planned surgery or hospitalization during trial
  12. Pregnant or lactating woman. Positive pregnancy test during run-in.
  13. Failure to agree to using an adequate method of contraception (having a failure rate of < 1% per year) throughout the study period for heterosexually active males and females of childbearing potential, or disagreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse). A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is post-menarche and:

    1. Has not reached a postmenopausal state (≥60 years of age and amenorrhea for at least ≥12 months with no identified cause other than menopause, and has not undergone surgical sterilization: removal of ovaries and/or uterus) - OR
    2. No menses for over a year and confirmed by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels elevated into the postmenopausal range Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of <1% per year includes bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, proper use of hormonal contraceptives, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices and copper intrauterine devices. Male participants must be abstinent or use a condom during the trial period.
  14. Blood or sperm donation during trial
  15. Patient has previously been randomized in this study (rescreening is accepted otherwise)
  16. Judgment by the investigator that the patient is not suited for study participation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04823962

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Ewa A Burian, MD +45 53609159

Layout table for location information
Department of Dermatology and Copenhagen Wound Healing Center, Bispebjerg Hospital Recruiting
Copenhagen, Denmark
Contact: Ewa A Burian, MD    +45 53609159   
Principal Investigator: Ewa A Burian, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Reponex Pharmaceuticals A/S
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Ewa A Burian, MD Department of Dermatology and Copenhagen Wound Healing Center
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Ewa Anna Burian, Prinicipal Investigator, MD, Reponex Pharmaceuticals A/S Identifier: NCT04823962    
Other Study ID Numbers: Repogel-01
First Posted: April 1, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 1, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Varicose Ulcer
Leg Ulcer
Pathologic Processes
Skin Ulcer
Skin Diseases
Varicose Veins
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents