The Safety and Efficacy Study of RiaGev in Healthy Adults
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04483011|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 23, 2020
Results First Posted : November 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 25, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Metabolic Syndrome Premature Aging||Dietary Supplement: RiaGev||Not Applicable|
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is one of the essential cofactors required for the proper function of living cells, and depletion in NAD has been correlated to aging individuals as NAD is associated with oxidative stress and energy production. Per the Population Reference Bureau (PRB), it is estimated that by the year 2060, the number of Americans over the age of 65 will double to over 98 million. As well, over the years, there has been a continuous rise in obesity within older Americans, reaching 44% for women and 36% for men in the age range of 65-74. One of the most common chronic diseases that are accompanied by aging and obesity diabetes. In 2016 the WHO reported that approximately 1.6 million deaths were attributed to diabetes. Half of these individuals had high blood glucose before the age of 70. Hence it is crucial to actively control blood glucose and oxidative stress during one's midlife stage.
The investigating product RiaGev™ is the first and only commercially available product that contains Bioenergy Ribose® and vitamin B3. It increases NAD+ in the body efficiently to promote healthy mitochondria, active immunity, and cholesterol reduction. As a result, D-ribose is essential for healthy aging.
Bioenergy Ribose® is a 5-carbon carbohydrate (C5H10O5) called D-ribose designated as a Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) substance by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is produced via the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), which is fundamental for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. The PPP is a rate-limiting step that makes use of a short supply enzyme called glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH). Supplementation of D-ribose can bypass the PPP and directly contribute to ATP production. In addition, to its function for ATP production D-ribose is a critical element of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA), and acetyl coenzyme A. Provided there is a reduction in ATP production; aging is frequently due to a decline in mitochondria function. Hence, cell function and integrity are compromised, leading to chronic cardiovascular conditions and fatigue (6). With active D-ribose supplementation, improvements have been noted in several pathological conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and myocardial dysfunction. Furthermore, D-ribose demonstrated improvements in athletic performances by recovering ATP levels and repairing cellular damage.
Vitamin B3 is an essential water-soluble vitamin known as either niacin, nicotinic acid, or nicotinamide. It is found in foods such as chicken, beef, fish, nuts, legumes, and grains. Also, vitamin B3 can be obtained from conversions of tryptophan in the body. Therefore, foods with tryptophan such as milk, eggs, meat, and fish are another great source of vitamin B3. Once vitamin B3 is consumed, it is converted into two different active forms called NAD+ or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP). NAD+ and NADP are essential for various metabolic redox processes with oxidized or reduced substrates. Cellular functions like genome integrity, gene expression, and cellular communication are carried out by NAD+ required enzymes. These required enzymes are also crucial for the production of ATP via energy transfer from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. NADP is involved in fewer reactions than NAD+ such as cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis along with antioxidation. Lack of NAD+ has been associated with a variety of aging-related conditions such as metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular health, and cancer.
This current randomized, double-blind, comparator-controlled, cross over study will investigate the efficacy and safety of RiaGev™ via evaluation of NAD+, glucose, insulin, glutathione, and cortisol levels in healthy adults of ages 36-65.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||18 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Crossover Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||randomized, double-blind, comparator-controlled, cross-over|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Double-blind, Comparator-controlled, Cross-over Study to Investigate the Safety and Efficacy of RiaGev™ in Healthy Adults|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 25, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 30, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 30, 2020|
RiaGev, 2000mg, BID
Dietary Supplement: RiaGev
Active Comparator: Comparator
Comparator matched to RiaGev, BID
Dietary Supplement: RiaGev
- Whole Blood NAD+ Level Change Over Baseline After Supplementation [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 8 ]Whole blood NAD+ concentration are measured at Day 1, Day 3, Day 5, and Day 8. A NAD+ Level change over baseline (Day 1) is calculated by subtracting the NAD+ level at Day 1 ( e.g Day 5 over Day 1 = Day 5 - Day 1). The significance of change (p value) is calculated comparing within RiaGev or Comparator group, and between RiaGev and Comparator groups.
- Whole Blood NADP+ Level Change Over Baseline After Supplementation [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 8 ]Whole blood NADP+ concentration are measured at Day 1, Day 3, Day 5, and Day 8. NADP+ level changes over baseline (Day 1) are calculated by substracting NADP+ level at Day 1. The significance of change (p values) are calculated comparing changes within and between RiaGev and Comparator groups.
- Whole Blood NAD+ Plus NADP+ Level Change Over Baseline [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 8 ]The change in whole blood NAD+ plus NADP+ levels from Day 1 baseline to Day 8 when supplemented with RiaGev™ or comparator. The parameter is measured at Day 1, Day 3, Day 5, and Day 8. A change over baseline is calculated by subtracting Day 1 value. The significance of changes (p value) are calculated by comparing within and between RiaGev and Comparator groups.
- Serum Glucose Change After RiaGev Supplementation Assessed by OGTT [ Time Frame: 7 days ]The serum glucose as assessed by a standard Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) on Day 1 and on Day 8 after 7-day supplementation with either RiaGev™ or comparator. Incremental Area Under the Curve (iAUC) is used as overall blood glucose. Serum glucose change is calculated by subtracting iAUC on Day 1 from iAUC on Day 8. The significance of change (p value) is calculated by comparing values on Day 8 and Day 1.
- Serum Insulin Change After RiaGev Supplementation Assessed by OGTT [ Time Frame: 7 days ]Serum insulin is assessed by a standard Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) on Day 1 and Day 8 after 7-day supplementation with either RiaGev™ or comparator. Serum insulin change is calculated by substracting its level on Day 1 from Day 8. The significance of change (p value) is calculated by comparing Day 1 and Day 8.
- Serum Glutathione (GSH + GSSG) Change Over Baseline After RiaGev Supplementation [ Time Frame: 7 days ]Total serum Glutathione (GSH + GSSG) is measured on Day 1, Day 3, Day 5 and Day 8. after a 7-day supplementation with either RiaGev™ or comparator. A change over baseline is calculated by subtracting glutathione level on Day 1 baseline (e g Day 5 over Day 1 = Day 5 - Day 1). The significance of change (p value) is calculated within the RiaGev or Comparator group.
- Serum High Energy Phosphate (ATP + ADP) Concentration After RiaGev Supplementation [ Time Frame: 7 days ]Serum high energy phosphate (ATP + ADP) after a 7-day supplementation with either RiaGev™ or comparator. The measurement take place on Day 1, Day 3, Day 5, and Day 8. Comparison are made between the two groups. The significance (p value) is also calculated between the groups.
- The Waking Salivary Cortisol Level After RiaGev Supplementation [ Time Frame: 7 days ]The salivary cortisol level after a 7-day supplementation with either RiaGev™ or comparator. The measurement take place on Day 1, 3, 5, and 8. The salivary cortisol level as well as change of salivary cortisol level over baseline (Day 1) are reported. Comparisons are make both between the RiaGev and Comparison groups as well as within RiaGev group against its Day 1 baseline. The corresponding significance (p value) will be calculated.
- The Change in Checklist Individual Strength (CIS) Questionnaire Outcome After a 7-day Supplementation With Either RiaGev™ or Comparator. [ Time Frame: 7 days ]Checklist Individual Strength (CIS) Questionnaire was designed by the Dutch research team of Vercoulen et el, to measure fatigues. A standard CIS Questionnaire contains 20 questions, each scoring 1 to 7, total score 20 - 140, with higher score indicating more tiredness. Thus, a negative value in changing score (such as Day 5 - Day 1 baseline) means reduction of tiredness and verse versa.
- The Number of Out-of-norm Clinical Chemistry Parameters When Supplemented With RiaGev or Comparator [ Time Frame: 7 days ]The number of out-of-norm incidence (as indicator of safety) will be reported. Clinical chemistry parameters including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin, creatinine, electrolytes (Na, K, Cl), fasting glucose. When a parameter is within normal limit, it will been reported as 0 out-of-norm.
- The Number of Out-of-norm Hematology Parameters When Supplemented With RiaGev or Comparator. [ Time Frame: 7 days ]The number of out-of-norm hematology parameter incidence (as indicator of safety) will be reported. Hematology parameters include white blood cell (WBC) count with differential (neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils), red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count, RBC indices (mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), red cell distribution width (RDW). When a parameter is within normal limits, it is reported as 0 out-of-norm.
- The Number of Out-of-norm Vital Signs When Supplemented With RiaGev or Comparator [ Time Frame: 7 days ]Vital signs include blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). The number of out-of-norm incidence will be reported. When a parameter is within normal limits, it is reported as 0 out-of-norm.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04483011
|United States, Minnesota|
|Prism Research, Inc.|
|Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, 55114|
|Study Chair:||Malkanthi Evans, Ph.D||KGK Science Inc.|
|Principal Investigator:||Trisha Shamp, PA-C, Ph.D||Prism Research, Inc.|