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Goals for Reaching Optimal Wellness: GROWell

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04449432
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 26, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2022
Duke University
Pattern Health
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, Davis

Brief Summary:
Despite the negative consequences to maternal-child health from women gaining too much weight during pregnancy, up to 62% of overweight and obese women gain more pregnancy weight than is recommended. This project will establish the efficacy of Goals for Reaching Optimal Wellness (GROWell), an mHealth tool for achieving appropriate pregnancy weight gain and promoting postpartum weight loss among women who enter pregnancy overweight or obese. GROWell will fill a gap in research and clinical care by providing a validated, standalone mHealth tool for weight control during pregnancy and postpartum, which is a currently lacking resource.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pregnancy Related Gestational Weight Gain Postpartum Weight Retention Overweight and Obesity Behavioral: GROWell (Interactive Obesity Treatment Approach) Behavioral: Attention Support Control Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Research attempts to prevent excess gestational weight gain, defined as gaining more weight during pregnancy than Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines for prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), have largely been unsuccessful. Roughly 62% of overweight and 45% of obese women still gain more weight than recommended, increasing risk for postpartum weight retention. Few mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been trialed to address pregnancy-associated weight gain, which is a missed opportunity. Adult women are high users of technology for general and pregnancy-specific health information seeking and sharing. To fill this gap, the long-term goal of this research is to disseminate into clinical practice a standalone mHealth tool that is effective for overweight and obese pregnant women to achieve gestational weight gain within IOM recommendations and return to prepregnancy weight after childbirth. The goal of this application is to test GROWell: Goals for Reaching Optimal Wellness, an innovative, mHealth tool based on Self-regulation Theory that investigators designed in pilot work to achieve appropriate gestational weight gain and safe postpartum weight loss. The investigators propose a blinded, randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of GROWell compared to an attention control also developed in a pilot. Investigators will recruit 480 women ages 18-44 with prepregnancy BMI 25-<40 and 10-16 weeks gestation of a singleton, uncomplicated pregnancy. Block randomization based on BMI, race, and recruitment clinic will be used to assign participants equally to arm 1, GROWell (n=240), or arm 2, the attention control (n=240). Upon study enrollment and through 6 months postpartum, GROWell participants will receive daily text messages that provide tailored education, problem-solving skills, and support to aid their personalized dietary goals. Once weekly, participants self-monitor overall adherence to their goals using text messages that prompt them to report on how they did in the past week. When users respond to this prompt, they immediately receive a text with tailored feedback on their adherence and long-term progress toward their goals. Control participants will receive weekly texts that provide personalized self-care, pregnancy, labor, delivery, and early infancy education. The specific aims are to: (1) Compare the efficacy of GROWell to the attention control in reducing the proportion of women who gain excess gestational weight based on IOM guidelines (>25 lbs for overweight and >20 lbs for obese) controlling for demographics, parity, physical activity, diet quality, and depression/anxiety; and (2) Compare the efficacy of GROWell to the attention control in reducing postpartum weight retention at 6 months post-birth as measured by the proportion of women who are within 5% of their prepregnancy weight, controlling for demographics, parity, physical activity, diet quality, breastfeeding, and depression/anxiety. This research addresses PA 18-135 (Maternal Nutrition and Pre-pregnancy Obesity) and will provide an innovative, evidence-based, standalone mHealth tool to reduce excess gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention among overweight and obese women, currently an unavailable resource.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 480 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Comparing intervention to active control
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Goals for Reaching Optimal Wellness: GROWell
Actual Study Start Date : December 14, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GROWell (Interactive Obesity Treatment Approach)
With Self-regulation Theory as the framework, the Interactive Obesity Treatment Approach Adapted for Pregnancy/Postpartum includes four components: (1) personalized goal setting, (2) daily support and educational messages, (3) self-monitoring of behavior with tailored feedback, and (4) skills training. Each component aligns with the self- regulatory processes shown in previous studies to be necessary for behavior change. All interactions with participants are via text using a cell phone.
Behavioral: GROWell (Interactive Obesity Treatment Approach)
Personalized messaging via cell phone to support healthy eating behaviors during pregnancy and through 6 months postpartum

Active Comparator: Attention Support Control
The attention control will be delivered using text messaging to reduce the potential placebo effect that interacting with our mHealth system may have on pregnancy weight gain and postpartum weight loss. Information will be provided to control group participants that is specific to pregnancy, labor, delivery, and early infancy, but not to diet. Texts are specific to the participant's partner, pregnancy, employment, and breastfeeding plans/status.
Behavioral: Attention Support Control
Personalized messaging via cell phone to support healthy behaviors during pregnancy and through 6 months postpartum

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Gestational Weight Gain [ Time Frame: Mid-study (25-30 weeks) ]
    Gestational weight gain will be calculated as: [weight(delivery) - weight(preconception)]. Women will be categorized as gaining excess gestational weight if they started pregnancy as overweight and gained more than 25 pounds or started pregnancy as obese and gained more than 20 pounds.

  2. Postpartum Weight Retention [ Time Frame: End of study (50-55 weeks) ]
    Postpartum weight retention will be calculated as: [weight(6 months postpartum) - weight(preconception)]. Women will be categorized as experiencing postpartum weight retention if postpartum weight at 6 months is greater than 1.05*preconception weight.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adherence to text-based self- monitoring [ Time Frame: mid-study (25-30 weeks) and post-study (50-55 weeks) ]
    Measured cumulatively by week as the number of times a participant responds to weekly prompts to report on her progress to the number of times she was prompted, calculated to a percent separately for prenatal and postnatal periods.

  2. Adherence to prescribed goals [ Time Frame: mid-study (25-30 weeks) and post-study (50-55 weeks) ]
    Measured cumulatively by week as the proportion of goals for which a participant has "good adherence" during the previous week, defined as adhering to the goal 5/7 days, or >70%, calculated to a percent and separately for prenatal and postpartum periods.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Delivery type [ Time Frame: mid-study (25-30 weeks) ]
    Categorical as cesarean or vaginal delivery

  2. Fetal growth abnormalities [ Time Frame: mid-study (25-30 weeks) ]
    categorical as small-for-gestational age, large-for- gestational-age, macrosomia, or none.

  3. Pregnancy complications [ Time Frame: mid-study (25-30 weeks) ]
    categorical as gestational diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, placental abruption, fetal death, antepartum admission, preterm birth with and without NICU admission, none

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 44 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 10-16 weeks gestation of a confirmed pregnancy (i.e., ultrasound/heartbeat detected)
  • Nulliparous or >12 months since previous birth
  • Receive care at one of eight UC Davis Obstetric Clinics and plan to deliver at UC Davis Medical Center
  • BMI >25 and <40 who are willing to receive and respond to texts using their own cell phone or a study-provided phone

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known pregnancy or fetal complications/high-risk status
  • Multiple gestation
  • Unable to read/write English
  • BMI >40
  • Current smokers
  • Quit smoking <6 months prior to enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04449432

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Contact: William Pacuilla (530) 754-8280 bpacuilla@ucdavis.edu
Contact: Grace Liu (530) 754-8323 proposals@ucdavis.edu

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United States, California
UC Davis Recruiting
Davis, California, United States, 95616
Contact: Grace Liu, JD    530-754-7700    proposals@ucdavis.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Davis
Duke University
Pattern Health
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
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Principal Investigator: Leigh Ann Simmons, PhD University of California, Davis
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of California, Davis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04449432    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1399548
1R01NR017659-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 26, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 27, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of California, Davis:
gestational weight gain
postpartum weight retention
digital health
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Body Weight
Weight Gain
Gestational Weight Gain
Body Weight Changes