We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) vs Trans-Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) as Bridge to Transplant (SBRTvsTACE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03960008
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 27, 2022
Varian Medical Systems
Merit Medical Systems, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lahey Clinic

Brief Summary:
This study will compare stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) as a bridging strategy for patients with HCC undergoing liver transplantation. We propose that SBRT will be associated with longer time intervals between initial treatment and the need for retreatment, compared to TACE, as a "bridge" to liver transplantation in subjects with HCC.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma HCC Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Procedure: Trans-Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) Drug: Doxorubin Phase 3

Detailed Description:
For patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who are waiting for a liver transplant, local treatment of their disease has become the standard of care in an effort to decrease dropout rates and as a means of reducing tumor recurrence after transplantation. For patients undergoing local regional therapy as a bridge to transplantation, trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the most commonly utilized treatment. However, the best modality for patients undergoing treatment as a bridge to transplantation is unclear. A newer strategy for the treatment of HCC is stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). This study will compare SBRT to TACE as a bridging strategy for patients with HCC undergoing liver transplantation.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 196 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Multi-Center Phase III Study of Individualized Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Versus Trans-Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) as a Bridge to Transplant in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
Actual Study Start Date : March 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT)
Radiation Therapy
Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT)
SBRT will be delivered in five total fractions, with at a minimum of one day between any two treatments. The entire treatment must be delivered within 15 total days.
Other Name: Radiation Therapy

Trans-Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE)
Procedure/Surgery - Chemoembolization Drug: Doxorubin
Procedure: Trans-Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE)
First day will be administered and a second TACE will be administered after 4 weeks and subsequently if imaging is showing disease progression. Following each TACE procedure all patients will remain in hospital for observation
Other Name: Chemoembolization

Drug: Doxorubin
This procedure will be completed with 2 vials of drug eluting beads each loaded with 50 mg of Doxorubin.
Other Name: Doxorubin bead therapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To compare the duration of disease control in treated lesions when utilizing SBRT versus TACE as a bridging strategy for patients with HCC eligible for liver transplantation [ Time Frame: 1 year post treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To compare participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v5.0 [ Time Frame: At each treatment, 2 weeks post treatment, 2 months post treatment, 5 months post treatment, every 3 months until 24 months post treatment ]
  2. Number of further interventions [ Time Frame: 2 weeks post treatment, 2 months post treatment, 5 months post treatment, every 3 months until 24 months post treatment ]
  3. Rate of pathological response of treated lesion(s) [ Time Frame: Review of pathology report after liver transplant ]
  4. Rate of radiological response of treated lesion(s) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 months post-treatment, 5 months post-treatment, every 3 months thereafter until 2 years post treatment ]
  5. To assess Quality of Life by Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Hepatobiliary (FACT-Hep) Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, during treatment, 2 months post-treatment, 5 months post-treatment, every 3 months until 24 months post treatment ]
    A 45-item self-report instrument to measure health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with hepatobiliary cancers and is one of the most widely-used instruments in this clinical area. The FACT-Hep consists of the 27-item FACT-G, assesses HRQL, and the 18-item Hepatobiliary Subscale (HS), assesses disease-specific issues such as pain, appetite, and cramping. The FACT-G evaluates physical well-being, social/family well-being, emotional well-being, and functional well-being. Sections have a 7-day reference period and are scored from 0-4 ("not at all" to "very much"), with higher scores indicating better HRQL. Score ranges are 0-28 for physical well-being, 0-28 for social/family well-being, 0-24 for emotional well-being, 0-28 for functional well-being, and 0-72 for the HS. All subscale scores from the FACT-G and HS can be summed together to create a total FACT-Hep score, with a possible range of 0-180. The FACT-Hep takes approximately 10 minutes to complete.

  6. To assess over survival [ Time Frame: Baseline, during treatment, 2 months post-treatment, 5 months post-treatment, every 3 months until 24 months post treatment ]
  7. To assess 90 day Post-transplant morbidity [ Time Frame: Disease status to be captured 90 days post-transplantation (+/- 2 weeks) ]
  8. To assess 90 day Post-transplant mortality [ Time Frame: Survival status to be captured 90 days post-transplantation (+/- 2 weeks) ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects with HCC are eligible for this trial. HCC is defined as having at least one of the following:

    • Biopsy proven HCC or:
    • A discrete hepatic tumor(s) as defined by the Barcelona (29) criteria for cirrhotic subjects, ≥2cm with arterial hypervascularity and venous or delayed phase washout on CT or MRI.
  2. Subjects are liver transplant candidates (actively awaiting organ transplant per transplant services in documentation), or, potential liver transplant candidates (at the discretion of the liver team and/or Principal Investigator) advised by liver transplant services as needing local treatment prior to liver transplant evaluation.
  3. Subjects must be within UCSF criteria (one solitary tumor smaller than 6.5 cm, or patients having 3 or fewer nodules, with the largest lesion being smaller than 4.5 cm or having a total tumor diameter less than 8.5 cm without vascular invasion) and eligible for potential liver transplant.
  4. Subjects must be eligible per standard of care for either TACE or SBRT procedures.
  5. Subjects must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  6. Subjects must be 18 years of age or older. Adult subjects of all ages, both sexes and all races will be included in this study.
  7. Subjects must sign an informed consent form approved for this purpose by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of record .
  8. Subjects must have a Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score ≤8.
  9. Patients must have adequate organ function within 2 weeks of enrollment.

    • Bone marrow: Platelets ≥30,000/mm3
    • Renal: BUN ≤40 mg/dl; creatinine ≤2.0 mg/dl
    • Hepatic: INR ≤ 1.5 or correctable by Vitamin K, unless anti-coagulated for another medical reason
    • Bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dl (in the absence of obstruction or pre-existing disease of the biliary tract, e.g. primary sclerosing cholangitis).
  10. Patients uninvolved liver volume will be estimated and must be > 700ml.
  11. Patients must have a Zubrod performance status of ≤2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects in a "special category" designated by the Public Health Service, Including subjects younger than 18, pregnant women, and prisoners.
  2. Refractory ascites that requires paracentesis for management.
  3. Known allergy to intravenous iodinated contrast agents unresponsive to prednisone pre-treatment.
  4. History of prior radiation to the liver.
  5. Evidence of metastatic disease.
  6. Presence of a Trans-jugular intra-hepatic porto-systemic shunt (TIPS).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03960008

Layout table for location information
United States, Massachusetts
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts, United States, 01805
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, Nebraska
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68198
United States, Ohio
The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43202
Canada, Ontario
Princess Margaret Hospital, UHN
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1X6
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lahey Clinic
Varian Medical Systems
Merit Medical Systems, Inc.
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Francis W. Nugent, III, MD Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Lahey Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03960008    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20193013
First Posted: May 22, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 27, 2022
Last Verified: October 2022

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Lahey Clinic:
Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)
Liver transplant
Bridge to transplant
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT)
Trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action