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Study of CTX-471 as a Monotherapy or in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Patients Post PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors in Metastatic or Locally Advanced Malignancies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03881488
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 2, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Iqvia Pty Ltd
Merck, Sharp & Dohme, LLC, Rahway, NJ USA
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Compass Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 1, open-label, first-in-human study of CTX-471 administered as a monotherapy or in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic or locally advanced malignancies that have progressed while receiving an approved PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor. The study will be conducted in 2 treatment arms (Monotherapy Arm 1 and Combination Arm 2). Each arm will have two parts: Part 1 Dose Escalation and Part 2 Dose Expansion.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Locally Advanced Solid Tumor Metastatic Cancer Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Small Cell Lung Cancer Mesothelioma Melanoma Head and Neck Cancer Drug: CTX-471 Drug: pembrolizumab Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 157 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-Label, Multiple-Ascending Dose Study of the Safety and Tolerability of CTX-471 Administered Either as a Monotherapy or in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Patients With Inadequate Responses to PD-1/PD-L1 Checkpoint Inhibitors in Metastatic or Locally Advanced Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : May 17, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1 Part 1 Dose Escalation
Escalating doses of CTX-471 depending on cohort at enrollment
Drug: CTX-471
IV infusion every 2 weeks

Experimental: Arm 1 Part 2 Dose Expansion
Two dose groups of CTX-471 (0.3 mg/kg and 0.6 mg/kg)
Drug: CTX-471
IV infusion every 2 weeks

Experimental: Arm 2 Part 1 Dose Escalation
Escalating doses of CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab depending on cohort at enrollment
Drug: CTX-471
IV infusion every 2 weeks

Drug: pembrolizumab
IV infusion every 6 weeks
Other Name: Keytruda

Experimental: Arm 2 Part Dose Expansion
Two dose groups of CTX-471 (to be identified in Arm 2 Part 1) in combination with pembrolizumab
Drug: CTX-471
IV infusion every 2 weeks

Drug: pembrolizumab
IV infusion every 6 weeks
Other Name: Keytruda




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with dose limiting toxicities (DLTs), treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), and/or changes in clinical laboratory abnormalities [ Time Frame: From first dose of CTX-471 (Week 1 Day 1) until 60 days after the last CTX-471 injection (up to 2 years) ]
  2. Dose(s) of CTX 471 as a monotherapy and doses of CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab to be examined in Part 2 and the recommended Phase 2 dose(s) [ Time Frame: From first dose of CTX-471 (Week 1 Day 1) until 60 days after the last CTX-471 injection (up to 2 years) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum serum concentration (Cmax) of CTX-471 as a monotherapy and CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: From first dose of CTX-471 (Week 1 Day 1) until 60 days after the last CTX-471 injection (up to 2 years) ]
  2. Area under the serum concentrations of CTX-471 versus time curve (AUC) for CTX-471 as a monotherapy and CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: From first dose of CTX-471 (Week 1 Day 1) until 60 days after the last CTX-471 injection (up to 2 years) ]
  3. Half-life (t1/2) of serum concentrations of CTX-471 as a monotherapy and CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: From first dose of CTX-471 (Week 1 Day 1) until 60 days after the last CTX-471 injection (up to 2 years) ]
  4. Development of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) and/or neutralizing antibodies of CTX-471 as a monotherapy and CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: From first dose of CTX-471 (Week 1 Day 1) until 60 days after the last CTX-471 injection (up to 2 years) ]
  5. Objective Response Rate (ORR) (Percentage of Participants With Objective Response) as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1 of CTX-471 as a monotherapy and CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: Baseline until confirmed disease progression (CR or PR) (up to 2 years) ]
    ORR will be calculated as the number of participants with a confirmed complete response (CR) or a partial response (PR) divided by the number of participants dosed

  6. Duration of Response (DOR) as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1 of CTX-471 as a monotherapy and CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: From the date of first confirmed CR or PR until the first date of recurrent or progressive disease (up to 2 years) ]
  7. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1 of CTX-471 as a monotherapy and CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: From first dose of CTX-471 (Week 1 Day 1) until disease progression or death, whichever occur first (up to 2 years) ]
  8. Overall Survival (OS) of CTX-471 as a monotherapy and CTX-471 in combination with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: From first dose of CTX-471 (Week 1 Day 1) until death (up to 2 years) ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18 years or older
  2. Histologically confirmed diagnosis:

    1. Monotherapy Arm 1: metastatic or locally advanced malignancies
    2. Combination Arm 2: metastatic or locally advanced non-small cell lung, small cell lung cancer, mesothelioma, melanoma, or head and neck cancer
  3. Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1
  4. Disease progression after at least 12 weeks and at least 2 doses of a commercially available PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor per approved prescriber's information, whether monotherapy or in combination therapy, with no other intervening systemic anticancer therapy prior to enrollment
  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  6. Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  7. Adequate bone marrow function defined by ANC of ≥ 1.5×10^9/L, platelet count of ≥100.0×10^9/L, and hemoglobin of ≥ 9.0 g/dL (with or without transfusion)

    a. For Combination Arm 2: these criteria must be met without packed red blood cell (pRBC) transfusion within the prior 2 weeks. Patients can be on a stable dose of erythropoietin (≥ approximately 3 months)

  8. Adequate hepatic function defined as serum total bilirubin < 1.5 ULN, AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 × ULN (or ≤ 5 × ULN in patients with liver metastases)
  9. Adequate renal function defined as creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min as determined by the Cockcroft-Gault equation
  10. Female patients must be surgically sterile (or have a monogamous partner who is surgically sterile) or be least 2 years postmenopausal or commits to use 2 acceptable forms of birth control (defined as the use of an intrauterine device, a barrier method with spermicide, condoms, any form of hormonal contraceptives, or abstinence) for the duration of the study and for 4 months following the last dose of study treatment. Male patients must be sterile (biologically or surgically) or commit to the use of a reliable method of birth control (condoms with spermicide) for the duration of the study and for 4 months following the last dose of study treatment
  11. Female patients who are women of childbearing potential (WCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening within 7 days of dosing with CTX-471 for Monotherapy Arm 1, and within 72 hours of dosing with CTX-471 and pembrolizumab for Combination Arm 2
  12. For Monotherapy Arm 1 Only: Last dose of previous PD-1 or PD-L1 therapy ≥ 28 days, other anticancer therapy > 21 days (or 2 half-lives for proteins, whichever is longer), radiotherapy > 21 days (concurrent localized palliative radiotherapy is allowed during CTX-471 treatment), or surgical intervention >21 days prior to the first dose of CTX-471
  13. Resolution of all prior anti-cancer therapy toxicities ≤ Grade 1
  14. For Monotherapy Arm 1 Only: Willingness to provide pre- and post-treatment fresh tumor biopsies
  15. Capable of understanding and complying with protocol requirements
  16. Signed and dated institutional review board/independent ethics committee-approved informed consent form before any protocol-directed screening procedures are performed

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Developed clinically significant adverse reaction to PD-1 or PD-L1 therapy, including immune related adverse reactions, which led to discontinuation of treatment
  2. Prior treatment with other investigational immune-oncology therapies
  3. Systemic therapy with immunosuppressive agents within 7 days before the start of CTX-471 treatment. Topical, intranasal, intraocular, or inhaled corticosteroids and physiologic replacement for patients with adrenal insufficiency are allowed
  4. Patient is a pregnant or lactating WCBP
  5. Prior solid organ transplantation
  6. Active hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) or a positive serological test at Screening within 28 days of dosing with CTX 471

    1. Participants who are HBsAg (hepatitis B surface antigen) positive are eligible if they have received HBV antiviral therapy for at least 4 weeks and have undetectable HBV viral load prior to randomization Note: Participants should remain on anti-viral therapy throughout study intervention and follow local guidelines for HBV anti-viral therapy post completion of study intervention
    2. Participants with history of HCV infection are eligible if HCV viral load is undetectable at screening Note: Participants must have completed curative anti-viral therapy at least 4 weeks prior to randomization
    3. HIV infected participants must be on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and have a well-controlled HIV infection/disease defined as:

      • Participants on ART must have a CD4+ T-cell count >350 cells/mm3 at time of screening
      • Participants on ART must have achieved and maintained virologic suppression defined as confirmed HIV RNA level below 50 copies/mL or the lower limit of qualification (below the limit of detection) using the locally available assay at the time of screening and for at least 12 weeks prior to screening
      • Participants on ART must have been on a stable regimen, without changes in drugs or dose modification, for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry (Day 1)
  7. Active autoimmune disease or medical conditions requiring chronic steroid (ie, > 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) or immunosuppressive therapy. Patients with a prior history of autoimmune disease may be eligible following discussion with the Medical Monitor
  8. For Monotherapy Arm 1 Only: History of central nervous system metastases
  9. History of seizure disorders
  10. Congestive heart failure (> New York Heart Association Class II), active coronary artery disease, unevaluated new onset angina within 3 months or unstable angina (angina symptoms at rest) or clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias
  11. Other systemic conditions or organ abnormalities that in the opinion of the Investigator may interfere with the conduct and/or interpretation of the current study
  12. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents within 4 weeks (could consider shorter interval for kinase inhibitors or other short half-life drugs) prior to treatment. Note: Participants must have recovered from all AEs due to previous therapies to ≤Grade 1 or baseline. Participants with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy may be eligible. Participants with endocrine-related AEs Grade ≤ 2 requiring treatment or hormone replacement may be eligible Note: If the participant had major surgery, the participant must have recovered adequately from the procedure and/or any complications from the surgery prior to starting study intervention
  13. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment or have had a history of radiation pneumonitis Note: Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities and not require corticosteroids. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤ 2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-CNS disease
  14. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has had an allogeneic tissue transplant
  15. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study intervention. Note: Administration of killed vaccines are allowed
  16. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ, excluding carcinoma in situ of bladder, that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded
  17. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e., without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment
  18. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has severe hypersensitivity (≥ Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients
  19. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis / interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis / interstitial lung disease
  20. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  21. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality, or other circumstance that might confound the results of the study or interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, such that it is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  22. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study
  23. For Combination Arm 2 Only: Has received radiation therapy to the lung that is > 30Gy within 6 months of the first dose of trial treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03881488


Contacts
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Contact: Jill Bossi 617-500-8099 ext 118 jill.bossi@compasstherapeutics.com

Locations
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United States, Florida
Ocala Oncology Center Completed
Ocala, Florida, United States, 34474
Hematology Oncology Associates Of The Treasure Coast Recruiting
Port Saint Lucie, Florida, United States, 34952
Contact: Seth Rosen, MD         
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Completed
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Completed
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine, Siteman Cancer Center Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: Tanner Johanns, MD         
United States, New Jersey
Hackensack University Medical Center Recruiting
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
Contact: Martin Gutierrez, MD         
United States, New York
Mt Sinai Completed
New York, New York, United States, 10029
United States, North Carolina
Duke University School of Medicine Recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
Contact: Jennifer Choe, MD, PhD         
United States, South Carolina
Institute for Translational Oncology Research (ITOR) Recruiting
Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29605
Contact: W. Jeffrey Edenfield, MD         
United States, Texas
Mary Crowley Cancer Research Recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75251
Contact: Minal Barve, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Compass Therapeutics
Iqvia Pty Ltd
Merck, Sharp & Dohme, LLC, Rahway, NJ USA
Investigators
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Study Director: Thomas Scheutz, MD, PhD Compass Therapeutics
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Responsible Party: Compass Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03881488    
Other Study ID Numbers: CTX-471-001
KEYNOTE-E65 ( Other Identifier: Merck, Sharp & Dohme, LLC, Rahway, NJ USA )
First Posted: March 19, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 2, 2022
Last Verified: November 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Mesothelioma
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Adenoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Mesothelial
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents