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Treg, Th17 Cells, NKT in Epithelial Ovarian Tumor

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03779399
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Paweł Miotła, Medical University of Lublin

Brief Summary:

The aim of the study was to estimate the percentage and of Treg, Th17 and NKT in peripheral blood and the tissue of the epithelial ovarian tumor and relationship with blood serum level of HE4, CA125, as well as algorithm ROMA.

Material and methods Mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated by density gradient centrifugation obtained from peripheral blood and ovarian tissue of patient suffering ovarian pathology. Patient from control group underwent surgery for unexplanied infertility. The percentage of Treg and Th17 , NKT in peripheral blood and the tissue was assessed using the flow cytometry method according to the manufacturer's instructions. The ROMA index was calculated according to the levels of HE4 and CA-125 in serum.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Ovarian Cancer Borderline Ovarian Tumors Benign Ovarian Tumor Unexplained Infertility Other: Assessment of percentage of Treg, Th17, NKT and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.

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Detailed Description:

Study groups. The study group consisted of 60 women. The patients were divided into 3 subgroups: a group of 24 women with malignant epithelial ovarian tumors (cystadenocarcinomas), 25 women with benign ovarian tumors (cystadenomas) and 11 women with borderline ovarian tumors (serous borderline tumors). The control group consisted of 20 women without ovarian pathology who underwent surgery for unexplanied infertility. Patients were admitted to IInd Department of Gynecology, Lublin Medical University, Lublin, Poland, between 2011 and 2014. All women with OCs were staged III or IV according to revised 2013 FIGO classification (International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, January, 2014) Isolation of mononuclear cells from peripheral blood (PBMCs). Immediately after being taken from the antecubital vein, mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated by density gradient centrifugation applying Gradisol L formulation of specific gravity 1.077g/ml (Aqua Medica, Łódź, Poland) for 20 min. at 700 x g. The pellet containing PBMC was washed twice in PBS and evaluated for the number (using Neubauer chamber) and viability (trypan blue staining - 0.4% trypan Blue Solution, Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany). Viability of less than 95% was a disqualifying criterion.

Isolation of mononuclear cells infiltrating the tumor and healthy tissues.

During the surgery, ovarian tissue (size of approximately 1cm3) not containing any visible necrotic areas was collected. It was minced with a scalpel, suspended in 30 ml of RPMI 1640 medium (Biochrome, Holliston MA, USA) and subjected to cleavage in a mixture containing: 1 mg/ml collagenase type IA (Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany), 1 mg/ml DNase type I (Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany), 0.1 mg/ml hyaluronidase (Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany) at 37°C for 60 min., constantly vortexed. After cleavage, the suspension was filtered through a strainer (70μm, BD Biosciences, San Jose CA, USA) and centrifuged for 5 min. at 700 x g. The suspension cells were washed twice in RPMI 1640.

Evaluation of the percentage of Th17 cells.

The evaluation of the percentage of Th17 cells (secreting IL-17A) of peripheral blood mononuclear cells, healthy tissue and tumor tissue was performed by flow cytometry using a Th17 Cytokine Staining panel according to the manufacturer's recommendation (eBiosciences, San Diego, USA) using a FACSCanto (BD Biosciences, San Jose CA,USA).

Establishment of PBMC culture and ovarian tissue (tumor or control) and stimulation with ionomycin.

After 24-hour culture of the PBMCs and ovarian tissue was set up. The medium was prepared consisting of 97% RPMI 1640 (Biochrome, Holliston MA,USA) supplemented with 2mM L-glutamine, 2% human albumin (ZLB Bioplasma, Bern, Switzerland) and antibiotics in an amount of 100 U/ml penicillin (Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany) and 100 mg/ml streptomycin (Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany). Cultivation was carried out in 6-well plates in a 5 ml culture medium. For each patient, two cultures were established, one of the PBMC and the other from tumor cells or normal ovarian tissue. The culture was conducted in an incubator under standard conditions (5% CO2, 95% humidity, 37°C) for 4 hours. To individual wells were added: ionomycin (Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany) at a concentration of 1 ug/ml and PMA at a concentration of 25 ng/ml to stimulate cells for the production of cytokines and brefeldin at a concentration 10 μg/ml (Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany) in order to inhibit the activity of the endoplasmic reticulum, leading to retain the cytokine within the cell.

The determination of intracellular cytokines.

24-hour cultures after moving from the culture plate to two properly signed tubes were washed twice in 2 ml of Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer (eBioscience, San Diego, USA) after vortexing. Constant parameters used during each rinsing in this procedure are: run time 5 min., 700 x g. After removing the supernatant, 5μl of anti-CD4 (eFluor 450, eBioscience, San Diego, USA) was added to each tube. The mixture was incubated for 20 min. in darkness. After washing away, the excess of antibody in 2 ml of Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer (eBioscience, San Diego,USA), 100μl IC Fixation Buffer (eBioscience, San Diego, USA) was added to each tube in order to consolidate. Mixing/Vortexing this mixture was also incubated for 20 minutes in darkness. Then it was washed twice with 2 ml of the permeabilization buffer (Permeabilization Buffer, eBioscience, San Diego, USA). Preparing the buffer involved its 10-fold dilution with PBS. After removing the supernatant, the cells were resuspended in 100μl of permeabilization buffer and separated to previously prepared cytometry tubes into control and test samples. Thereafter, 5μl antibodies were added to the test samples: anti-IL-17A (FITC). After vortexing, all samples were incubated for 20 min. in darkness. They were washed twice and after suspending the cells in the Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer, cytometric analysis was carried out. Analysis was performed using flow cytometric BD FACSCanto II (BD Biosciences, San Diego, USA). Measurements were performed using the software BDFACS Diva.

Estimation of the percentage of regulatory T lymphocytes.

Estimation of the percentage of regulatory T lymphocytes among peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in healthy and neoplastic tissue was made with the flow cytometry method using the Human Treg Flow™ Kit (FOXP3 Alexa Fluor® 488 / CD4 PE-Cy5/CD25 PE, BioLegend®, USA) with the use of FACSCanto apparatus (BD Biosciences, San Diego,USA).

Determination of iNKT cell subpopulation by flow cytometry

Mononuclear cells isolated from peripheral blood, healthy tissue and epithelial ovarian tumors were incubated with the appropriate volume (according to the procedures recommended by the manufacturers) of the appropriate monoclonal antibodies: the anti-iNKT FITC (anti-Vα24) (cat#558371, clone 6B11, BD Pharmingen, San Jose, CA, USA), anti-CD3 PE (Cat #554829, clone G4. 18, BD Pharmingen, San Jose, CA, USA) and anti CD161-PE f(clone Dx12, Cat#550968, BD Pharmingen, San Jose, CA, USA). Prepared samples were incubated for 20 min. at room temperature in the dark. After twice washing in buffered physiological saline (PBS), the cells were immediately subjected to cytometric analysis. Data acquisition and analysis were performed using a FACS Calibur flow cytometer (Becton Dickinson, New Jersey, USA). Expressing cells iNKT+/CD3+/CD161+ were rated among CD3+

Assessment of concentration of protein HE4, CA125 and algorithm ROMA.

Samples were collected from all the patients prior to surgery and 3 ml blood was collected. Serum was centrifuged at 2000 × g and stored at −20 and −80°C until use. Serum level of CA-125 and HE4 were detected using the full automatic chemiluminescence analyzer Cobs601 and the test procedure was performed according to the manufacturer's instructions (Roche Diagnostics, Indianapolis, IN, USA). Next, serum HE4 and CA-125 levels were calculated for ROMA index value using the Roche ROMA index of ovarian cancer risk assessment software. Serum HE4 and CA-125 reference range was <140 pmol/l and <32 U/ml, respectively.

Assessment of risk of epithelial ovarian carcinoma (ROMA) The ROMA index was calculated according to the levels of HE4 and CA-125. HE4 and CA-125 amount were input to the ovarian cancer risk assessment software, followed by automatic calculation of the corresponding ROMA index. The premenopausal calculation formula of the ROMA index was: 12+2.38 × LN(HE4)+0.062 6 × LN(CA-125). The postmenopausal calculation formula of the ROMA index was: 8.09+1.04 × LN(HE4)+0.732 × LN(CA-125). Premenopausal women with a ROMA value ≥11.4, had a higher risk of ovarian cancer. Postmenopausal women with ROMA value ≥29.9 had a higher risk of ovarian cancer.


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Lymphocyte T Regulatory , Th17 and NKT in Epithelial Ovarian Tumor- Prognostic Assessment and Relationship With Clinical Marker
Actual Study Start Date : December 1, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 31, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ovarian Cancer

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Patient with benign ovarian tumor
25 patients with benign ovarian tumor (cystadenoma) were admitted to IInd Department of Gynecology, Lublin Medical University, Lublin, Poland.
Other: Assessment of percentage of Treg, Th17, NKT and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.
Treg, Th17, NKT cells in peripheral blood and ovarian tissue and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.

Patient with borderline tumor
11 women with borderline ovarian tumor were admitted to IInd Department of Gynecology
Other: Assessment of percentage of Treg, Th17, NKT and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.
Treg, Th17, NKT cells in peripheral blood and ovarian tissue and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.

Patient with ovarian cancer
24 women with ovarian cancer were admitted to IInd Department of Gynecology
Other: Assessment of percentage of Treg, Th17, NKT and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.
Treg, Th17, NKT cells in peripheral blood and ovarian tissue and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.

Patient without ovarian pathology
20 patient with unexpleined infertility were admitted to IInd Department of Gynecology
Other: Assessment of percentage of Treg, Th17, NKT and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.
Treg, Th17, NKT cells in peripheral blood and ovarian tissue and serum level of HE4, CA125 and ROMA.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Treg, Th17, NKT in peripheral blood and tissue [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Percentage of regulatory TREG, Th17, NKT among peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in healthy and neoplastic tissue was made with the flow cytometry

  2. Value of ROMA in serum [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Assessment level of CA125 and HE4 in serum


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Prognostic assessment of T reg, Th17, NKT lymphocytes in the tissue and peripheral blood of patients with ovarian cancer [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed in the group of patients with ovarian cancer.

  2. Association between Treg, Th17,NKTand clinical marker [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and its significance test was applied to assess relationships between two parameters.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
peripheral blood, ovarian tissue, serum


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   18-75
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
The study group consisted of 60 women. The patients were divided into 3 subgroups: a group of 24 women with malignant epithelial ovarian tumors (cystadenocarcinomas), 25 women with benign ovarian tumors (cystadenomas) and 11 women with borderline ovarian tumors (serous borderline tumors). The control group consisted of 20 women without ovarian pathology who underwent surgery for unexplanied infertility. Patients were admitted to IInd Department of Gynecology, Lublin Medical University, Lublin, Poland, between 2011 and 2014. All women with OCs were staged III or IV according to revised 2013 FIGO classification (International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, January, 2014)
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • written informed consent
  • age 18-75
  • ovarian tumor

Exclusion Criteria:

  • below 18 years old
  • necrosis in tumor

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03779399


Locations
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Poland
IInd Department of Gynecology
Lublin, Poland, 20-954
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of Lublin
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Izabela Winkler Medical University of Lublin

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Responsible Party: Paweł Miotła, Clinical Proffesor, Medical University of Lublin
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03779399     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 032018
First Posted: December 18, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Paweł Miotła, Medical University of Lublin:
Ovarian Cancer
Borderline Ovarian Tumor
Benign Ovarian Tumor
lymphocyte T regulatory
Natural Killer T cell
ROMA
HE4
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ovarian Neoplasms
Infertility
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Genital Diseases, Male