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Low Maintenance Dose Ticagrelor Versus Clopidogrel in Diabetes Patients Undergoing PCI (OPTIMUS-6)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03437044
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 30, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida

Brief Summary:
To date there is very little PD and pharmacokinetic (PK) data on the ticagrelor 60 mg bid dosing regimen. In particular, there is no prospective PK/PD study on this dosing regimen in patients with DM who are known to have impaired response to clopidogrel therapy. Since DM patients frequently require elective PCI due to chronic progression of CAD (and not solely because of an acute thrombotic complication), and clopidogrel remains the guideline recommended P2Y12 inhibiting therapy for these patients, understanding the PD effects of the ticagrelor 60 mg bid regimen in this setting is an unmet clinical need. This is also in light of the ongoing THEMIS trial which is specifically evaluating the impact of the ticagrelor 60 mg bid dosing regimen in type 2 DM patients without a prior major CV event.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Coronary Artery Disease Drug: Ticagrelor Drug: Clopidogrel Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are characterized by platelet hyperreactivity and reduced pharmacodynamic (PD) effects to several oral antiplatelet agents, including clopidogrel. In addition to the hyperreactive platelet phenotype, impaired drug metabolism as well as increased platelet turnover rates may contributed to impaired clopidogrel-induced antiplatelet effects in DM patients. These observations may contribute to the higher ischemic event rates, including stent thrombosis, observed in DM patients compared with non-DM patients treated with clopidogrel.

Ticagrelor is characterized by more prompt, potent and predictable antiplatelet effects compared with clopidogrel and lower ischemic events in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) on a background of aspirin therapy. In patients who experienced a prior (1-3 years) myocardial infarction (MI), compared with placebo, ticagrelor 60 mg bid on a background of aspirin therapy also reduced long-term ischemic events, with a mortality benefit observed in DM patients.

To date the PD effects of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in DM largely derive from post-hoc assessments or in stabilized patients (e.g. >30 days after PCI), and have not been prospectively evaluated in the context of elective PCI procedures. Moreover, PD studies with the ticagrelor 60 mg bid regimen are limited. Therefore, the aim of this investigation will be to compare the PD effects of a ticagrelor 60 mg bid versus clopidogrel 75 mg od MD regimen in DM patients without a prior major CV event undergoing elective PCI.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Prospective randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: Staff performing PK/PD assessments will remain blinded to treatment assignment.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Comparison of Platelet Inhibition Using a Low Maintenance Dose Ticagrelor Regimen Versus Standard Dose Clopidogrel in Diabetes Mellitus Patients Without Prior Major Cardiovascular Events Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The OPTIMUS (Optimizing Antiplatelet Therapy in Diabetes Mellitus)-6 Study
Actual Study Start Date : March 14, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 27, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ticagrelor
180 mg loading dose (LD) followed by a 60 mg bid maintenance (MD) starting 12 h (± 1 h) after the LD
Drug: Ticagrelor
After providing written informed consent and following diagnostic angiography, patients meeting study entry criteria undergoing PCI will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to treatment with either ticagrelor or clopidogrel. Randomized treatment will be maintained for 30±3 days.
Other Name: Brilinta

Active Comparator: Clopidogrel
600 mg LD followed by a 75 mg od MD starting 24 hours (± 1 h) after the LD
Drug: Clopidogrel
After providing written informed consent and following diagnostic angiography, patients meeting study entry criteria undergoing PCI will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to treatment with either ticagrelor or clopidogrel. Randomized treatment will be maintained for 30±3 days.
Other Name: Plavix

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. P2Y12 reaction units (PRU) [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    The primary endpoint of our study will be platelet reactivity, measured as PRU level using VerifyNow PRU, of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel MD at 30 days after PCI, immediately pre-dosing dosing (trough levels).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Platelet reactivity index (PRI) [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Platelet reactivity measured as PRI% using whole blood vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP), of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel MD at 30 days after PCI, immediately pre-dosing dosing (trough levels).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures
  2. Men or women ≥18 years of age
  3. Diagnosed with type 2 DM defined by ongoing glucose lowering drug (oral medications and / or insulin) treatment for at least 1 month
  4. Presence of CAD undergoing elective PCI* * Patients will need to be cardiac enzyme-negative prior to undergoing coronary angiography. Patient will need to be on a background of aspirin therapy (treated with a 325 mg LD prior to coronary angiography unless already on chronic low-dose aspirin therapy). Patients on maintenance clopidogrel 75 mg therapy for at least 1 week due to a prior vascular intervention will also be eligible. However, patients on clopidogrel, ticagrelor or prasugrel due to a prior acute major cardiovascular event (MI or stroke) will not be eligible.

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Previous MI (with the exception of definite non-type 1 MI [eg, due to coronary revascularization procedure, profound hypotension, hypertensive emergency, tachycardia, or profound anemia])
  2. Previous stroke (transient ischemic attack [TIA] is not included in the stroke definition)
  3. Use of an intravenous antiplatelet therapy (i.e., cangrelor or GPI) during PCI
  4. On treatment with clopidogrel, prasugrel, or ticagrelor due to a prior acute major CV event (MI or stroke) (on treatment with clopidogrel due to prior vascular intervention not secondary to a major CV event is allowed)
  5. Planned use of aspirin treatment at doses >100 mg od
  6. Anticipated concomitant oral or intravenous therapy with strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors or CYP3A4 substrates with narrow therapeutic indices that cannot be stopped for the course of the study:

    • Strong inhibitors: ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin (but not erythromycin or azithromycin), nefazadone, ritonavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, indinavir, atanazavir
    • CYP3A4 substrates with narrow therapeutic index: quinidine, simvastatin at doses >40 mg daily or lovastatin at doses >40 mg daily
  7. Need for chronic oral anticoagulant therapy or chronic low-molecular-weight heparin (at venous thrombosis treatment not prophylaxis doses)
  8. Patients with known bleeding diathesis or coagulation disorder
  9. History of previous intracerebral bleed at any time, gastrointestinal (GI) bleed within the past 6 months prior to randomization, or major surgery within 30 days prior to randomization
  10. Active pathological bleeding
  11. Hypersensitivity to ticagrelor and clopidogrel or any of the excipients
  12. Increased risk of bradycardic events (eg, known sick sinus syndrome, second or third degree AV block or previous documented syncope suspected to be due to bradycardia) unless treated with a pacemaker
  13. Known severe liver disease (eg, ascites and/or clinical signs of coagulopathy)
  14. Renal failure requiring dialysis
  15. Known platelet count <80x106/mL
  16. Known hemoglobin <9 g/dL
  17. Women of child-bearing potential (ie, those who are not chemically or surgically sterilized or who are not post-menopause) who are not willing to use a medically accepted method of contraception that is considered reliable in the judgment of the investigator OR who have a positive pregnancy test at enrolment or randomization OR women who are breast-feeding. If a subject becomes pregnant during the course of the study the investigational product should be discontinued immediately [the outcome of all pregnancies (spontaneous miscarriage, elective termination, ectopic pregnancy, normal birth or congenital abnormality) will be followed up and documented even if the subject was discontinued from the study].
  18. Inability of the patient to understand and/or comply with study procedures and/or follow up, in the opinion of the investigator, OR any conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, may render the patient unable to complete the study
  19. Life expectancy of less than 1 month based on investigator's judgement
  20. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational (defined as non-FDA approved) product within 28 days prior to enrolment
  21. Previous randomization in the present study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03437044

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United States, Florida
University of Florida
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32209
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
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Principal Investigator: Dominick J Angiolillo, MD,PhD University of Florida
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Responsible Party: University of Florida Identifier: NCT03437044    
Other Study ID Numbers: ESR 13396
First Posted: February 19, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 30, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by University of Florida:
diabetes mellitus
percutaneous coronary intervention
coronary artery disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic P2 Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic Antagonists
Purinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs