Pilot Study of Denosumab in BRCA1/2 Mutation Carriers Scheduled for Risk-Reducing Salpingo-Oophorectomy
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03382574|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (it was decided that due to lack of accrual on the trial, and low potential for accruing over the near future, the trial will be shut down.)
First Posted : December 26, 2017
Results First Posted : June 14, 2022
Last Update Posted : June 14, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Ovarian Carcinoma||Biological: Denosumab Procedure: Salpingo-Oophorectomy||Early Phase 1|
I. To compare the effect of denosumab 120 mg subcutaneously every 4 weeks for 1-2 doses to no treatment in the pre-surgical setting on Ki67 proliferation index by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the fimbrial end of the fallopian tube of premenopausal BRCA1/2 mutation carriers undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, with or without hysterectomy.
I. To assess Ki67 proliferation index by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in ovarian surface epithelium and endometrium (if also undergoing a hysterectomy, ~20% of participants) after exposure to denosumab compared to no treatment.
II. To investigate other tissue-based biomarkers in the fimbrial end of the fallopian tube, ovarian surface epithelium, and endometrium (if also undergoing hysterectomy) after exposure to denosumab compared to no treatment, including:
IIa. Apoptosis with cleaved caspase-3 by IHC. IIb. Receptor activator of NF-KB (RANK) and RANK ligand (RANKL) expression by IHC.
IIc. Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression by IHC. IId. CD44 and p53 expression by IHC. IIe. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and phosphorylated-STAT3 (pSTAT3) expression by IHC.
III. To analyze gene expression profiling in the fimbrial end of the fallopian tube and ovarian surface epithelium after exposure to denosumab compared to no treatment.
IV. To investigate serum biomarkers at baseline (pre-treatment) and time of surgery (post-treatment) with denosumab compared to no treatment, including:
IVa. Progesterone. IVb. Estradiol. IVc. Denosumab drug levels. V. To investigate serial serum C-terminal telopeptide (CTX) levels from baseline (pre-treatment) to time of surgery to 9 months and 12 months after start of intervention with denosumab compared to no treatment.
VI. To monitor safety and adverse effects of denosumab compared to no treatment.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Beginning within 3 days of menstrual cycle, patients receive denosumab subcutaneously (SC) every 4 weeks for 1-2 doses and undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy 14-28 days after last dose.
ARM II: Patients receive no treatment for 2-8 weeks and then undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6, 9, and 12 months.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||2 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Pilot Study of Denosumab in BRCA1/2 Mutation Carriers Scheduled for Risk-Reducing Salpingo-Oophorectomy|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 14, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 22, 2021|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||October 22, 2021|
Experimental: Arm I (denosumab, risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy)
Beginning within 3 days of menstrual cycle, patients receive denosumab SC every 4 weeks for 1-2 doses and undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy 14-28 days after last dose.
Undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy
Active Comparator: Arm II (risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy)
Patients receive no treatment for 2-8 weeks and then undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.
Undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy
- Ki67 Proliferation Index Fallopian Tube Fimbrial Epithelial Cells [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]Will be assessed using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Quantitative measures of the expression of Ki67 based upon percentage of positive cells will be scored by a pathologist blinded to treatment assignment. In order to evaluate the difference of Ki67 expression between the two arms, 2-sample t-test will be considered.
- Ki67 Proliferation Index in Ovarian Surface Epithelium and Endometrium [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]Will be assessed using IHC. In order to evaluate the difference of Ki67 expression between the two arms, 2-sample t-test will be considered.
- Other Tissue-based Biomarkers in the Fimbrial End of the Fallopian Tube, Ovarian Surface Epithelium, and Endometrium [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]Will be assessed using IHC. Including: apoptosis with cleaved caspase-3 (IHC), RANK/RANKL (IHC), estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR) (IHC), CD44 and p53 (IHC), and STAT3 and pSTAT3 (IHC). Values of tissue-based biomarkers measurements such as tissue Ki67 proliferation index, serum progesterone, etc., which are continuous variables, will be summarized by descriptive statistics including mean, standard deviation, median and range. For tissue biomarkers, linear regression models will be employed to investigate the association of treatment while adjusting for possible confounders (i.e., age, race, etc.). Normality, homoscedasticity, independence of errors, and lack of multicollinearity in the covariates will be evaluated; if needed, proper transformation will be considered.
- Gene Expression Profiling of RANK, Cell Proliferation, Cell Cycle Progression, and Inflammation Pathways [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]For gene expression profiling analysis, nSolver Analysis Software (nanoString Technologies, Washington [WA]) will be used. Geometric mean is used for calculation of normalization factors. Student's t test is used to calculate differential expression.
- Serum Biomarkers Including Progesterone, Estradiol, and Denosumab Drug Levels [ Time Frame: Up to time of surgery ]Values of serum biomarkers measurements such as tissue Ki67 proliferation index, serum progesterone, etc., which are continuous variables, will be summarized by descriptive statistics including mean, standard deviation, median and range.
- Change in Serial Serum C-terminal Telopeptide Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months after start of intervention ]2-sample t-test may be applied to evaluate any change in serum biomarkers from baseline to after intervention. To investigate the overall changes in serum biomarkers, a linear mixed model that accommodates intra-participant correlation due to repeated measurements will be utilized adjusting for any potential covariates.
- Toxicity Profile and Frequency of Adverse Effects in Premenopausal BRCA1/2 Mutation Carriers [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months after start of treatment ]Categorical variables, such as adverse events, will be summarized by frequency and proportion.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Female|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Participants must be premenopausal (defined as < 3 months since last menstrual period OR serum follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH] < 20 mIU/mL)
- Documented germline pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes
- Participants must be scheduled for or in the process of scheduling a risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy - either bilateral or unilateral (if prior unilateral oophorectomy or salpingectomy for benign condition)
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
- Leukocytes >= 3,000/microliter
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/microliter
- Platelets >= 100,000/microliter
- Total bilirubin =< 2 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT])) =< 1.5 x institutional ULN
- Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min
- Serum calcium or albumin adjusted >= 8.0 mg/dL and =< 11.5 mg/dL
- Participant must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test 14 days prior to randomization or drug administration; the effects of denosumab on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women; women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception from time of drug administration to time of surgery; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately
- Women currently on hormonal contraception (i.e., oral contraceptives, Mirena intrauterine device [IUD]) are eligible to participate if they have been on a stable dose for at least 3 months; women who have undergone bilateral tubal ligation are also eligible to participate in this study; there will be stratification for hormonal contraceptive use within 3 months prior to registration
- Participants must be willing to take supplemental oral calcium 1000 mg (two 500 mg tablets) and vitamin D3 1000 IU daily for six months (which will be supplied by the research study) after receiving denosumab treatment or no treatment
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document in English or Spanish or Hebrew
- Participants must have a dental examination =< 6 months of study registration
- Willing to not undergo any other elective surgery procedure with general anesthesia or conscious sedation during the treatment period; the treatment period is completed after the last injection of denosumab is administered
- History of ovarian cancer; history of breast cancer or any other malignancy is permitted if last chemotherapy treatment was greater than 6 months prior to registration and participant is not using endocrine therapy
- Previous treatment with denosumab (including Prolia for osteoporosis or Xgeva for bone metastases) or use of bisphosphonate within 3 months of registration to the study
- Participants receiving any other investigational agents
- History of allergic reactions or hypersensitivity attributed to denosumab or any components of denosumab or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to denosumab, such as other RANKL inhibitors
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women are excluded from this study because denosumab is an agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events (AEs) in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with denosumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with denosumab; there is no minimum amount of time since pregnancy/breastfeeding required before enrolling into the study; however, the date of delivery, pregnancy termination, or weaning from breastfeeding will be documented on case report forms; female subjects of child bearing potential and not willing to use, in combination with her partner, highly effective contraception during treatment will be excluded
- Use of endocrine therapy (selective estrogen receptor modulator, aromatase inhibitor, gonadotrophin releasing hormone [GnRH] agonist) within 6 months of registration to the study
- Prior history or current evidence of osteonecrosis or osteomyelitis of the jaw, evidence of untreated local gum or oral infection, or non-healed dental or oral surgery
- Active dental or jaw conditions which require oral surgery/dental procedures, including tooth extraction within 6 months of registration to the study; dental fillings are permitted within 6 months of study registration
- Other risk factors for the development of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) including poor oral hygiene, use of a dental appliance, immunosuppressive therapy, treatment with angiogenesis inhibitors, systemic corticosteroids, diabetes, or gingival infections
- Known sensitivity to any of the products to be administered during the study (e.g., calcium or vitamin D)
- Known serious infections, including a history of active hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); screening for these infections is not required for study enrollment
- Hypocalcemia (serum calcium or albumin adjusted calcium < 8.0 mg/dL) or renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min)
- Women with known osteoporosis or history of osteoporotic (fragility) fracture of the spine
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03382574
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|United States, New York|
|NYP/Columbia University Medical Center/Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|NYP/Weill Cornell Medical Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10065|
|United States, Texas|
|M D Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center|
|Tel Aviv, Israel, 64239|
|Chaim Sheba Medical Center|
|Tel Hashomer, Israel, 52621|
|Principal Investigator:||Powel Brown||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|
Documents provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
|Responsible Party:||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NCI-2017-02314 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
AAAR6281 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
MDA2017-09-03 ( Other Identifier: DCP )
N01CN00034 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
2018-0478 ( Other Identifier: MD Anderson Cancer Center ID )
|First Posted:||December 26, 2017 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||June 14, 2022|
|Last Update Posted:||June 14, 2022|
|Last Verified:||May 2022|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Yes|
|Plan Description:||NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Endocrine System Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs