Deep Brain Stimulation With LIFUP for Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mild Alzheimer's Disease (LIFUP)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03347084|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 20, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2018
The purpose of the proposed study is to determine the feasibility of brief brain stimulation, using a device called Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound Pulsation (LIFUP), for persons with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild (early-stage) Alzheimer's disease (AD). As a secondary aim, the investigators will explore whether this brief intervention is associated with improvements in cognitive functioning immediately and one week following the intervention.
Subjects will be randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups: either the LIFUP administration will be designed to increase the activity of neurons in a certain part of the brain or decrease the activity of neurons.
The investigators will study up to 8 subjects with MCI or mild AD. Initially, subjects will undergo a screening assessment with a study physician to determine medical and psychiatric history, establish AD diagnosis, and undergo a blood draw, if standard recent labs for dementia and EKG are unavailable. Subjects that meet criteria and agree to participate in the study will undergo a follow-up visit. In the baseline measurement visit, participants will first undergo neuropsychological testing. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two LIFUP pulsing paradigms. Participants will then be administered four successive LIFUP treatments while the participants are in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sixty minutes following the administration, participants will undergo a second neuropsychological test. A final follow-up assessment will be administered at one week.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Brain Imaging Mild Cognitive Impairment Alzheimer Disease Deep Brain Stimulation||Device: Excitation Device: Inhibition||Not Applicable|
Alzheimer disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition and the most common cause of dementia or a functional impairment in memory and other cognitive abilities. Prior to developing the functional impairment of dementia, patients develop mild cognitive impairment (MCI), which increases the risk for developing the functional impairment of dementia. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is of interest as a potential therapeutic option for MCI and AD because it can directly target and modulate the activity of brain structures implicated in memory functioning.
Recently there have been multiple reports that DBS of different locations within the brain may be effective in improving symptoms characteristic of dementia (e.g., Heschman et al., 2013). For example, Laxton et al. (2010) performed DBS in the fornix/hypothalamus of six persons with AD in a phase I clinical trial. The investigators hypothesized that stimulation of the fornix would alter the activity of the medial temporal memory circuits, and thus delay and/or reverse memory loss. After 6-12 months, the investigators noted improvement or slowing in the progression of AD in some of the research participants, as measured by two commonly-used assessments of global cognitive function. In a recent literature review, Laxton et al. (2013) also described several additional studies demonstrating that DBS of the fornix or nucleus of Meynert or subthalamic nucleus influences the pathologic neurological circuits involved in AD.
Four separate groups recently have published reports concluding that ultrasound improves amyloid-β clearance in mouse models and restores memory (e.g., Leinenga & Götz, 2015). This finding raises the question of whether one method of DBS, Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound Pulse (LIFUP), could improve cognition in patients with AD, which is characterized by abnormal deposition of amyloid plaques in brain regions controlling memory and thinking. The use of LIFUP in animal models is well described (Bystritsky et al., 2014). LIFUP is able to penetrate the human skull and reach deep structures within the temporal therapeutic window. The structures that are reachable by LIFUP include the temporal cortices, hippocampus, thalamus, and subthalamic nuclei, all of which are implicated in the pathophysiology of AD. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved an investigational device exemption (IDE) to begin a feasibility and safety trial of LIFUP for persons with refractory seizures.
Although symptomatic treatments are available for AD, their modest effects are temporary and there is a need for more effective interventions. In the current project, the investigators propose to use the FDA-approved protocol to:
- Determine the feasibility of a brief LIFUP intervention (four stimulations of 30 seconds each, with 2-minute intervals between each treatment) for persons with MCI or mild (early-stage) AD.
- As a secondary aim, the investigators will explore whether this brief LIFUP intervention is associated with improvements on neuropsychological measures of cognitive functioning immediately following the intervention.
To investigate these aims, subjects with MCI or mild AD will be enrolled. Subjects will be randomized using a single-blind design, to one of two LIFUP pulsing paradigms in which activity of neurons in a certain part of the brain are either increased. Subjects will then be administered four successive LIFUP treatments while the subjects are in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Neuropsychological assessments will be performed at baseline, immediately after LIFUP is administered, and one week following the conclusion of the visit.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||8 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two LIFUP pulsing paradigms: one that excites the activity of hippocampal neurons ("Paradigm A"), or a second that inhibits them ("Paradigm B"). The participants will then be administered four successive LIFUP treatments while the participants are in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).|
|Masking Description:||Participants and the participants' caregivers will be blinded to arm assignment.|
|Primary Purpose:||Device Feasibility|
|Official Title:||Study of Non-Invasive Deep Brain Stimulation With Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound Pulse (LIFUP) for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Mild Alzheimer's Disease (AD)|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||May 1, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||March 1, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||March 1, 2019|
Active Comparator: Excitation
Excitation Paradigm: LIFUP excites the activity of hippocampal neurons.
Administration of LIFUP, a method of deep brain stimulation, according to excitation paradigms using the following parameters: Tone Burst Duration = 50ms; Pulse Repetition Frequency = 10Hz; ISPTA = 720 mW/cm2. Four treatments of thirty seconds each, with two-minute intervals between treatment (20 minutes, approximately)
Other Name: Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound Pulse
Active Comparator: Inhibition
Inhibition Paradigm: LIFUP inhibits the activity of hippocampal neurons.
Administration of LIFUP, a method of deep brain stimulation, according to inhibition paradigms using the following parameters: Tone Burst Duration = 50ms and Pulse Repetition Frequency = 10Hz. Four treatments of thirty seconds each, with two-minute intervals between treatment (20 minutes, approximately)
Other Name: Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound Pulse
- Change from baseline in fMRI brain scan to 40 minutes. [ Time Frame: 40 Minutes ]Functional MRI of the brain will be obtained throughout the LIFUP session for the purposes of image acquisition.
- Change from baseline in Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised45 (HVLT-R) [ Time Frame: 60 Minutes, 1 Week ]The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised will provide a measure of verbal memory. It requires recall of a series of 12 words over three learning trials, free recall after a 25-minute delay, and a recognition trial. There are 6 equivalent alternate forms.
- Change from baseline in Brief Visual Memory Test-Revised [ Time Frame: 60 Minutes, 1 Week ]The Brief Visual Memory Test-Revised will provide a measure of visual memory. In three learning trials, the respondent views 6 geometric figures for 10 seconds and is asked to draw as many of the figures as possible from memory in their correct location on a page in the response booklet. A Delayed Recall Trial is administered after a 25-minute delay. Last, a Recognition Trial, in which the respondent is asked to identify which of 12 figures were included among the original geometric figures, is administered. There are 6 equivalent alternate forms.
- Change from baseline in Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) [ Time Frame: 60 Minutes, 1 Week ]Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) will be used as a measure to ensure that pre-LIFUP/pre-MRI anxiety is not significantly impacting performance on the first neuropsychological assessment.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03347084
|Contact: Shayna Greenberg||310-794-5020||SRGreenberg@mednet.ucla.edu|
|Contact: Anya Rosensteel||310-825-0545||ARosensteel@mednet.ucla.edu|
|United States, California|
|UCLA Longevity Center|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|Principal Investigator:||Gary Small, MD||UCLA Longevity Center|