Controlled Trial Evaluating Avacopan in C3 Glomerulopathy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03301467
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 4, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 17, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The aim of this trial is to evaluate the effect of avacopan treatment on renal disease activity in patients with complement component 3 glomerulopathy (C3G).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
C3 Glomerulopathy (C3G) Drug: Avacopan Drug: Avacopan Matching Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is characterized by evidence of alternative complement activation based on C3 deposition in the glomeruli. There are two forms of the disease: dense deposit disease (DDD) and C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN). There is no approved treatment for patients with C3G.

This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled Phase 2 study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of avacopan (CCX168) in patients with C3G. The primary objective is to evaluate the efficacy of avacopan compared to placebo based on histologic changes in kidney biopsies taken before and during treatment.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 88 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Placebo crossover to active
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Matching placebo
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Avacopan (CCX168) in Patients With C3 Glomerulopathy
Actual Study Start Date : September 29, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 28, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 28, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Avacopan
Avacopan (formerly CCX168) 10 mg capsules x 3 administered twice daily during the blinded 26 week blinded treatment period
Drug: Avacopan
Orally administered
Other Name: CCX168

Placebo Comparator: Avacopan Matching Placebo
Matching placebo capsules x 3 administered twice daily during the 26 week blinded treatment period period
Drug: Avacopan Matching Placebo
avacopan matching placebo
Other Name: placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Histologic Index [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Percent change from baseline in the C3G Histologic Index for disease activity

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Histologic response [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    The proportion of subjects who have a histologic response defined as a decrease (improvement) in the C3G Histologic Index for activity at 26 weeks

  2. Histologic Index [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    The percent change from baseline in the C3G Histologic Index for disease chronicity over the placebo-controlled treatment period

  3. eGFR [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    The change from baseline in eGFR over the placebo-controlled treatment period

  4. eGFR [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    The percent change from baseline in eGFR over the placebo-controlled treatment period

  5. UPCR [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    The percent change from baseline in UPCR over the placebo-controlled treatment period

  6. Urinary MCP-1 [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    The percent change from baseline in urinary MCP-1: creatinine ratio over the placebo-controlled treatment period

  7. EQ-5D-5L [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in EQ-5D-5L (visual analogue scale and index) over the placebo-controlled treatment period

  8. SF-36 v2 [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in SF-36 v2(domains and component scores) over the placebo-controlled treatment period

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Biopsy-proven C3G, either DDD or C3GN, with or without a renal transplant, and with the following observations upon renal biopsy taken within 12 weeks prior to screening or during screening:

    1. ≥2-levels of magnitude greater staining of C3 than any combination of IgG, IgM, IgA, kappa and lambda light chains, and C1q by immunohistochemistry, and
    2. evidence of proliferative glomerulonephritis (mesangial hypercellularity of greater than 3 mesangial cells per mesangial area and/or endocapillary hypercellularity defined as an increased number of cells within glomerular capillary lumina, causing luminal narrowing) based on light microscopy, and
    3. confirmation of the presence of electron dense deposits in the glomeruli on electron microscopy corresponding with the C3 immunofluorescence positivity;
  2. Male or female subjects, aged at least 18 years; where approved, adolescents (12-17 year old) may be enrolled; female subjects of childbearing potential (i.e., those who have experienced menarche and who is not permanently sterile or postmenopausal, defined as at least 12 consecutive months with no menses without an alternative medical cause) may participate if adequate contraception is used during, and for at least the three months after study completion; Male subjects with partners of childbearing potential may participate in the study if they had a vasectomy at least 6 months prior to randomization or if adequate contraception is used during, and for at least the 3 months after study completion; Adequate contraception is defined as resulting in a failure rate of less than 1% per year (combined estrogen and progestogen [oral, intravaginal, or transdermal], or progestogen-only hormonal contraception (oral, injectable, or implantable), intra-uterine device, intra-uterine hormone releasing system, bilateral tubal occlusion, vasectomized partner, or true sexual abstinence, i.e., in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject);
  3. Willing and able to give written Informed Consent and to comply with the requirements of the study protocol; written Assent and Informed Consent must be obtained from the legal guardian in accordance with regional laws or regulations for subjects 12 to 17 years of age; and
  4. Judged to be otherwise fit for the study by the Investigator, based on medical history, physical examination, and clinical laboratory assessments. Subjects with clinical laboratory values that are outside of normal limits (other than those specified in the Exclusion Criteria) and/or with other abnormal clinical findings that are judged by the Investigator not to be of clinical significance, may be entered into the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant or nursing;
  2. Tubulointerstitial fibrosis appears to be more than 50% based on standard assessment using trichrome staining of the renal biopsy;
  3. Use of eculizumab or another anti-C5 antibody within 26 weeks prior to dosing;
  4. Secondary C3 disease, e.g., infection-associated disease, or associated with another systemic or autoimmune disease; presence of a monoclonal spike on serum or urine protein electrophoresis or immunofixation assay;
  5. Currently on dialysis or likely will require dialysis within 7 days after screening;
  6. History or presence of any form of cancer within the 5 years prior to screening, with the exception of excised basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ such as cervical or breast carcinoma in situ that has been excised or resected completely and is without evidence of local recurrence or metastasis;
  7. Positive hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral screening test indicative of acute or chronic infection;
  8. Evidence of tuberculosis based on interferon γ release assay (IGRA), tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test, or chest radiography done at screening or within 6 weeks prior to screening;
  9. WBC count less than 3500/μL, or neutrophil count less than 1500/μL, or lymphocyte count less than 500/μL before start of dosing;
  10. Evidence of hepatic disease; AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase, or bilirubin >3 x the upper limit of normal before start of dosing;
  11. Currently using a strong inducer of the CYP3A4 enzyme, such as carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampin, or St. John's wort;
  12. Known hypersensitivity to avacopan or inactive ingredients of the avacopan capsules (including gelatin, polyethylene glycol, or Cremophor) or inability to swallow the capsules;
  13. Participated in any clinical study of an investigational product within 30 days prior to screening or within 5 half-lives after taking the last dose; and
  14. History or presence of any medical condition or disease which, in the opinion of the Investigator, may place the subject at unacceptable risk for study participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03301467

Contact: Antonia Potarca +31 6 3089 2290
Contact: Peter Staehr

  Hide Study Locations
United States, California
Stanford University Medical Center Recruiting
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94305
United States, Florida
Hospital of Miami Recruiting
Miami, Florida, United States, 33173
United States, Illinois
Northwestern Medical Group Recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Recruiting
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Mayo Clinic Recruiting
Rochester, New York, United States, 14625
United States, Ohio
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center Recruiting
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
University Hospital Antwerp Recruiting
Antwerp, Belgium
University Hospital Erasmus Recruiting
Brussels, Belgium
University Hospital Leuven Recruiting
Leuven, Belgium
University Hospital Liege Recruiting
Liège, Belgium
Canada, British Columbia
St. Paul Hospital Recruiting
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
University of Calgary Recruiting
Calgary, Canada
Aalborg University Hospital Recruiting
Aalborg, Denmark
Copenhagen University Hospital Recruiting
Copenhagen, Denmark
Odense University Hospital Recruiting
Odense, Denmark
Centre Hospitalier Boulogne sur Mer Recruiting
Boulogne-sur-Mer, France
University Hospital Recruiting
Grenoble, France
Centre Hospitalier de Valenciennes Recruiting
Valenciennes, France
University Clinic Carl Gustav Carus Recruiting
Dresden, Germany
University Clinic Essen Recruiting
Essen, Germany
University Hospital Hannover Recruiting
Hannover, Germany
University Clinic Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lubeck Recruiting
Lübeck, Germany
University Hospital Munich Recruiting
Munich, Germany
Beaumont Hospital Recruiting
Dublin, Ireland
Hospital Papa Giovanni XXIII Recruiting
Bergamo, Italy
Policlinica Sant'Orsola Recruiting
Bologna, Italy
Pediatric Hospital Bambino Gesu Recruiting
Roma, Italy
Academic Medical Center Recruiting
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Leiden University Medical Center Recruiting
Leiden, Netherlands
Radboud UMC Recruiting
Nijmegen, Netherlands
Hospital Vall D Hebron Recruiting
Barcelona, Spain
Hospital Da Costa Recruiting
Burela, Spain
Hospital 12de Octubre Recruiting
Madrid, Spain
United Kingdom
Royal London Hospital Recruiting
London, United Kingdom
Freeman Hospital Recruiting
Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: Peter Staehr, MD ChemoCentryx, Inc.

Responsible Party: ChemoCentryx Identifier: NCT03301467     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CL011_168
First Posted: October 4, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 17, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by ChemoCentryx:
C3 Glomerulonephritis
C3 glomerulopathy
dense deposit disease
membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
idiopathic MPGN