Try the modernized beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working… Menu

Exercise Using Chinese Yoga Improving Insomnia (Yoga)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03251755
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 16, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 7, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
TCVGH, Taichung Veterans General Hospital

Brief Summary:
According to the data from WHO, currently there are 350 million people with diabetes mellitus in the world, and the amount of which is still increasing. Among all types of diabetes mellitus, people with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at most, and the proportion of which in Taiwan is 98%. One third of the group suffers from sleep disorder. The prevalence rate is 33.7-52%, similar with the abroad prevalence rate (38.4%), but it's much higher than the prevalence rate of the general public(20.8%). As a result, people with diabetes mellitus are at high risk of sleep disorder. Not having enough sleep or sleep badly tend to cause abnormal metabolism, which influence the control of glycemia and worsen the disease. Currently investigations emphasize prevalence rate, risk factors and diabetes mellitus, increasing glycemia, complications which result from lack of sleep. Primary improving methods include the improvement of sleeping environment, recommendation of healthy diet, exercise and getting oriental medicine treatment. At the present time, WHO is actively promoting the combination of oriental treatment. Consequently, expecting the intervention of Dao-in(Chinese Yoga) could help to improve sleep quality, HbA1c rate and oriental medicine constitution, in order to decrease the incidence of complications and improve the quality of life, which could also decrease the expense of medication and act as a health care for diabetes mellitus patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Exercise Promotion Behavioral: Yoga Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes is a rapidly growing chronic disease. Type II diabetes mellitus (DM) accounted for 98% of diabetics in Taiwan, and 40.0% of them have sleep disturbance similar as other country's 38.4%, but it is much higher than the people who did not have diabetics (20.8%). The metabolism and physiological status of DM patient are easily affected by poor quality of sleep, resulting in poor blood sugar control and easy to lead complications. It is a very huge impact on health. So the insomnia in DM patient is a very important care issue for medical health team. Previous studies have found that long-term practice tai chi, Ba Duan Jin and other traditional Chinese medicine qigong can improve sleep quality, glycosylated hemoglobin and physiological indicators of type 2 DM insomnia. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the Duo-in on improving sleeping quality, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and Traditional Chinese Medical (TCM) body constitution in insomnia of type 2 DM patient. It is expected that the results of this study could provide medical health team with reference and guidance of clinical care and home care of the patients with type 2 DM insomnia, and prevent the occurrence of complications and improve their quality of life, thereby, to reducing the cost of medical expenses.

An experimental study is designed, there will recruit 60 type 2 DM participants come from an outpatient department of a medical central in central of Taiwan, randomly assigned to experimental or control group each of 30 participants. The participants are enrolled should meet: (1) type 2 DM with diagnosis of insomnia; (2) Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory Assessment score (PSQI)> 5; (3) willing to participate in and complete the consent form. The intervention method: Teach Duo-in practice (give guidance Duo-in CD disc) and the DM health education for 20 minutes in experimental group, while the control group only give the DM health education in the first 12weeks, after that the control group will give them the same intervention as experimental group for 12weeks. The experimental group performed Duo-in three times a week, each time for 20 minutes for 12 weeks at home. Daily bedtime diaries will be recorded in both groups. The tools in this study are: the scale of participant's demographic data and interference factors of sleep, PSQI, TCM body constitution questionnaire (BCQ), HbA1C and daily bedtime diaries. Data collection will be before intervention and 4th, 8th, 12th, 16th, 20th and 24th weeks, with PSQI, TCM body constitution, Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1C) and daily bedtime diaries. The data collection on 4th, 8th, 16th and 20th week will mail the PSQI to the participants and ask them to answer. Data will analyze by descriptive and inferential statistical analysis, including frequency distribution, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Paired t-test, t-test, Chi -square test, the generalized estimation equation (GEE; to analyze the repeated measurement of different time and group) verification.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Open-labelled, randomized, study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effectiveness of Dao-in (Chinese Yoga) on Insomnia in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Actual Study Start Date : May 24, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : November 30, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Exercise
Exercise promotion using Dao-in (Chinese Yoga)
Behavioral: Yoga
Exercise promotion using Chinese Yoga

No Intervention: Control
Usually clinical practice

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PSQI [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory Assessment score

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. BCQ [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    body constitution questionnaire

  2. BDNF [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor

  3. ABI [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    ankle-brachial index

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. type 2 DM with diagnosis of insomnia;
  2. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory Assessment score (PSQI)> 5;
  3. willing to participate in and complete the consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • CKD
  • COPD
  • Mental illness
  • pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03251755

Layout table for location information
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism in Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Taichung, Taiwan, 407
Sponsors and Collaborators
Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: I-Te Lee, MD, PhD Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: TCVGH, Deputy head nurse, Taichung Veterans General Hospital Identifier: NCT03251755    
Other Study ID Numbers: CE17071B
First Posted: August 16, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 7, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by TCVGH, Taichung Veterans General Hospital:
type 2 diabetes mellitus
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Mental Disorders