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A Phase 1 Study of Ruxolitinib, Steroids and Lenalidomide for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma (RRMM) Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03110822
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 12, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 29, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Incyte Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oncotherapeutics

Brief Summary:
This is a phase 1, multicenter, open-label study evaluating the safety and efficacy of ruxolitinib, steroids and lenalidomide among MM patients who currently show progressive disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Ruxolitinib Oral Tablet [Jakafi] Drug: Lenalidomide 5Mg Oral Capsule Drug: Methyl Prednisolonate Phase 1

  Show Detailed Description

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 49 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of Ruxolitinib, Steroids and Lenalidomide for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma (RRMM) Patients
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rux Len and Steroid
Ruxolitinib Oral Tablet [Jakafi] at 5mg BID, Lenalidomide 5Mg Oral Capsule at QD and Methyl Prednisolonate at 40mg QOD.
Drug: Ruxolitinib Oral Tablet [Jakafi]
Ruxolitinib will be administered at the dose of 5mg BID on days 1-28 of the treatment cycle.
Other Name: Ruxolitinib, Jakavi

Drug: Lenalidomide 5Mg Oral Capsule
Lenalidomide 5Mg Oral Capsule will be administered at the dose of 5mg QD on Days 1-21 of the treatment cycle.
Other Name: Revlimid

Drug: Methyl Prednisolonate
Methyl-prednisolone will be administered at the dose of 40mg QOD on Days 1-28 of the treatment cycle.
Other Name: Depo-Medrol, Solu-Medrol




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ruxolitinib in combination with steroids and lenalidomide [Tolerability]. [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    MTD will be determined by measuring incidence of the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) per dose level, of ruxolitinib in combination with steroids and lenalidomide for MM patients currently with progressive disease.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy will be measured by assessing overall response rate (ORR) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    Overall response rate (ORR) (defined as CR + VGPR + PR) and clinical benefit rate (defined as ORR + MR)

  2. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety] [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    Safety will be measured by counting the occurrence of adverse events throughout the study, graded via Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v 4.03 criteria

  3. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    Progression-free survival will be measured in months as the time from initiation of therapy to progressive disease or death from any cause, whichever occurs first

  4. Assessment of the time to response as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    Time to response, defined as the time from the initiation of therapy to the first evidence of confirmed clinical benefit defined as > minimal response (MR, including patients who achieved a complete response (CR), very good partial response (VGPR), partial response (PR), or MR

  5. Assessment of the duration of response as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    Duration of response, defined as the time (in months) from the first response to progressive disease

  6. Assessment of the overall survival (OR) as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 30 Months ]
    Overall survival, defined as the time (in months) from initiation of therapy to death from any cause or last follow-up visit



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible to enroll in this study.

    1. Has a diagnosis of MM based on standard criteria18 as follows:

Major criteria:

  1. Plasmacytomas on tissue biopsy.
  2. Bone marrow plasmacytosis (greater than 30% plasma cells).
  3. Monoclonal immunoglobulin spike on serum electrophoresis IgG greater than 3.5 g/dL or IgA greater than 2.0 g/dL or kappa or lambda light chain excretion greater than 1 g/day on 24 hour urine protein electrophoresis.

Minor criteria:

  1. bone marrow plasmacytosis (10% to 30% plasma cells)
  2. monoclonal immunoglobulin present but of lesser magnitude than given under major criteria
  3. lytic bone lesions
  4. normal IgM less than 50 mg/dL, IgA less than 100 mg/dL, or IgG less than 600 mg/dL

Any of the following sets of criteria will confirm the diagnosis of multiple myeloma:

  • any 2 of the major criteria
  • major criterion 1 plus minor criterion 2, 3, or 4
  • major criterion 3 plus minor criterion 1 or 3
  • minor criteria 1, 2, and 3, or 1, 2, and 4 2. Currently has MM with measurable disease, defined as:
  • a monoclonal immunoglobulin spike on serum electrophoresis of at least 0.5 g/dL and/or
  • urine monoclonal protein levels of at least 200 mg/24 hours
  • for patients without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels, an involved SFLC > 100 mg/L or abnormal SFLC ratio 3. Currently has progressive MM

MM patients that are relapsed or have refractory disease from at least 3 regimens or lines of therapy including an IMID and a proteasome inhibitor, are eligible for enrollment provided they fulfill the other eligibility criteria:

  • Patients are considered relapsed, when they progress greater than 8 weeks from their last dose of treatment.
  • Patients are refractory when they progress while currently receiving the treatment or within 8 weeks of its last dose.

    4. Previous exposure to lenalidomide independent of the response 5. The patient is not a candidate for a transplant 6. Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form before receiving any study-related procedure that is not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn at any time without prejudice to their future medical care.

    7. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements 8. ECOG performance status of ≤ 2 at study entry 9. Life-expectancy of greater than 3 months 10. Laboratory test results within these ranges at Screening and confirmed at enrollment prior to drug dosing on Cycle 1, Day 1:

  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L; if the bone marrow is extensively infiltrated ( ≥ 70% plasma cells) then ≥ 1.0 x 109/L
  • Platelet count ≥ 75 x 109/L; if the bone marrow is extensively infiltrated ( ≥ 70% plasma cells) then ≥ 50 x 109/L patients must not have received platelet transfusion for at least 7 days prior to receiving screening platelet count
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL within 21 days prior to enrollment. Use of erythropoietic stimulating factors and red blood cell (RBC) transfusions per institutional guidelines is allowed; however, most recent RBC transfusion must have been at least 7 days prior to obtaining screening hemoglobin.
  • Calculated or measured creatinine clearance (CrCl) of ≥ 60 mL/minute as calculated by Cockcroft-Gault method (Appendix 3).
  • Total bilirubin levels ≤ 2.0 mg/dL (normal levels)
  • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2 x ULN
  • Serum potassium within the normal range 11. Patients must be registered into the mandatory REVLIMID REMS™ program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REVLIMID REMS™ program 12. FCBP† must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting ruxolitinib and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or use acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, and at least 28 days before she starts taking ruxolitinib with or without lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a vasectomy. All subjects must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure.

    • A FCBP (female of childbearing potential) is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months) 13. Able to take aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) at 81 or 325 mg/daily as antiplatelet therapy if platelet count is above 30 x 109/L (subjects intolerant to ASA may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects meeting any of the following exclusion criteria are not to be enrolled in the study:

    1. POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes) 19
    2. Plasma cell leukemia (> 2.0 × 109/L circulating plasma cells by standard differential)
    3. Primary amyloidosis
    4. Non-hematologic malignancy within the past 5 years with the exception of a) adequately treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, or thyroid cancer; b) carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast; c) prostate cancer of Gleason Grade 6 or less with stable prostate-specific antigen levels; or d) cancer considered cured by surgical resection or unlikely to impact survival during the duration of the study, such as localized transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder or benign tumors of the adrenal or pancreas
    5. Impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac diseases, including any one of the following:

      • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment
      • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II or greater heart failure or uncontrolled angina
      • Clinically significant pericardial disease
      • Severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias
      • Echocardiogram or MUGA evidence of LVEF below institutional normal within 28 days prior to enrollment
      • Electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
    6. Severe hypercalcemia, i.e., serum calcium ≥ 12 mg/dL (3.0 mmol/L) corrected for albumin
    7. Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form
    8. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
    9. Undergone major surgery within 28 days prior enrollment or has not recovered from side effects of such therapy (vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty is not considered to be a major surgery; however, the investigator is to discuss enrollment of a subject with a recent history of kyphoplasty with the medical monitor).
    10. Pregnant or breast feeding females (lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide)
    11. Received the following prior therapy:

      • Chemotherapy within 3 weeks of study drugs
      • Corticosteroids (>20 mg/daily prednisone or equivalent) within 3 weeks of study drugs to ensure that steroid dose intensity at the beginning of the treatment is not altered by administration of steroids prior to the study. Consumption of steroids within 3 weeks of the treatment may interfere with efficacy and side effects due to differences of steroid intensity.
      • Immunotherapy or antibody therapy as well as thalidomide, lenalidomide, arsenic trioxide, or bortezomib within 21 days before study drugs
      • Extensive radiation therapy within 28 days before study drugs. Receipt of localized radiation therapy does not preclude enrollment.
      • Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of study drugs
      • Strong or moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, strong or moderate CYP3A4 inducers and fluconazole doses >200 mg daily within 28 days of study drugs.
    12. Known hypersensitivity to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to thalidomide and lenalidomide or steroids.
    13. Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments
    14. The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs
    15. Known positivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or C, and /or active tuberculosis (TB) including subjects with latent TB or with the risk factor for activation of latent TB.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03110822


Contacts
Contact: James R Berenson, MD (310)623-1223 jberenson@berensononcology.com
Contact: Noemi Silagan, MD (310)623-1204 nsilagan@oncotherapeutics.com

Locations
United States, California
Comprehensive Blood and Cancer Center Recruiting
Bakersfield, California, United States, 93309-0633
Contact: Nicole Henry    661-862-8548    nhenry@cbccusa.com   
Principal Investigator: Ravindranath Patel, MD         
California Cancer Associates for Research & Excellence (cCARE) Recruiting
Encinitas, California, United States, 92024
Contact: Daniela Slavin, PhD    760-452-3909    dslavin@ccare.com   
Principal Investigator: Alberto Bessudo, MD         
Robert A. Moss, M.D., F.A.C.P., Inc. Recruiting
Fountain Valley, California, United States, 92708
Contact: Helen Tam    714-641-1128    helen.tam@sbcglobal.net   
Principal Investigator: Robert A Moss, MD         
Pacific Cancer Care Recruiting
Monterey, California, United States, 93940
Contact: Dorothy Tenney    831-375-4105    dtenney@pacificcancercare.com   
Principal Investigator: Laura Stampleman, MD         
Sansum Clinic- Ridley-Tree Cancer Center Recruiting
Santa Barbara, California, United States, 93105
Contact: Heidi Heitkamp, PhD    805-879-5091    hheitkam@ridleytreecc.org   
Principal Investigator: Daniel R Greenwald, MD         
James R. Berenson M.D. Inc. Recruiting
West Hollywood, California, United States, 90069
Contact: Regina Swift, R.N    310-623-1227    rswift@berensononcology.com   
Principal Investigator: James R Berenson, MD         
United States, Florida
Millennium Oncology Research Clinic Recruiting
Pembroke Pines, Florida, United States, 33024
Contact: Maria Contreras, MD    954-266-7885    mcontreras@millenniumoncologyfl.com   
Principal Investigator: Isaac Levy, MD         
United States, Maryland
Regional Cancer Care Associates (RCCA) MD, LLC Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20817
Contact: Natalie Bongiorno, RN    301-571-2016    nbongiorno@regionalcancercare.org   
Principal Investigator: Ralph Boccia, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oncotherapeutics
Incyte Corporation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James R Berenson, MD Oncotherapeutics

Responsible Party: Oncotherapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03110822     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: I-RUX-15-04
First Posted: April 12, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 29, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Oncotherapeutics:
Ruxolitinib
Steroids
Lenalidomide
Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lenalidomide
Thalidomide
Prednisolone
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids