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Validation of FACBC for Detection of Metastasis Among High-risk Prostate Cancer Patients With Presumed Localized Disease (EDRN-FACBC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03081884
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 16, 2017
Results First Posted : January 25, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 25, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David M Schuster, Emory University

Brief Summary:
This study is for patients who have a high risk of metastatic prostate cancer (cancer that has spread outside of the prostate) who are going to have radical prostatectomy. The Anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutyl-1-carboxylic acid (FACBC or Fluciclovine) positron emission tomography (PET) scan is a new imaging approach that has promising results in showing progression of cancer. The goal of this study is to determine if FACBC PET imaging will detect metastatic disease in patients with high risk prostate cancer who have negative conventional cross-sectional imaging such as computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as bone scan and/or sodium fluoride PET. FACBC PET imaging may help detect metastatic prostate cancer in patients with newly diagnosed high risk primary prostate cancer and potentially improve staging of the cancer. Additionally, the researchers will compare the FACBC uptake in the prostate with uptake of FACBC detected in metastasis. They will also analyze and compare the prostate tissue, serum and urine parameters that are linked to higher rates of FACBC positivity.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer Drug: FACBC PET-CT Imaging Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Approximately 50-80% of patients who are considered high-risk after being treated with definitive radical prostatectomy experience recurrent disease, often because of undetected extra-prostatic metastatic disease prior to treatment. There is increasing evidence that performing radical prostatectomy in patients with high-risk disease or locally advanced disease is feasible and has potential benefits in terms of local control, overall survival, and quality of life. Thus, improved imaging approaches for early detection of occult metastatic prostate cancer at the time of presentation could inform a directed treatment approach that would significantly improve patient outcomes, including use of extended lymphadenectomy as well as postoperative radiation therapy planning.

Amino acid transport is up-regulated in prostate and other cancers. Anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutyl-1-carboxylic acid (FACBC) is a synthetic amino acid analog positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer that has demonstrated promising results in the staging and restaging of prostate carcinoma, with high positive predictive value (PPV) in the identification of extraprostatic malignancy. Most of the prior studies of FACBC were in post-primary treatment recurrence, and this proposed trial will be the first comprehensive study to evaluate FACBC PET in detecting occult metastatic disease at initial diagnosis in patients with negative or equivocal conventional imaging, with the objective of developing a more effective primary treatment plan.

The goal of this study is to determine if FACBC PET will detect significant occult metastatic disease in patients with high risk primary prostate carcinoma who have negative or equivocal conventional imaging such as CT and/or MRI and bone scan. Participants will have a single scan prior to surgery for this study. Participants will be followed, through medical record reviews, for 10 years but no additional procedures related to this study will be performed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 61 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: All participants will have the same intervention
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Validation of FACBC as an Early Indicator of Sub-clinical Metastatic Disease Among High-risk Prostate Cancer Patients With Presumed Localized Disease
Actual Study Start Date : March 1, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: FACBC PET-CT Imaging
Individuals who have been diagnosed with primary prostate carcinoma and do not have definitive findings of systemic metastasis with conventional imaging will have a whole body FACBC PET-CT scan.
Drug: FACBC PET-CT Imaging

Participants will fast for 4 hours to normalize their neutral amino acid levels. One hour prior to the scan, participants will drink up to 450ml of standard oral contrast. Participants will lie on the scanning bed while the bed moves through the PET/CT scanner for the CT portion of the exam. After completion of the CT scan, approximately 10 units of FACBC will be injected for the PET scan portion of the exam. The bed will move through the scanner again and the PET portion of the exam will take 30 minutes. The entire visit will take about two hours.

Standard of care procedures include conventional imaging (CT and/or MRI; bone scan and/or NaF PET per institutional standards) and radical prostatectomy with extended pelvic lymph node dissection.

Other Name: Fluciclovine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cancer Detection Performance of FACBC PET/CT [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    The performance of FACBC PET/CT for diagnosing metastatic cancer was determined by confirming the FACBC PET/CT findings to the histological analysis of the lymph nodes.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Diagnostic Performance of FACBC PET/CT and Conventional Imaging [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day of surgery ]
    The diagnostic performance of FACBC PET/CT in the detection of extraprostatic disease is compared to the diagnostic performance of standard imaging, as confirmed with lymph node histology.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • High-risk prostate cancer patients eligible for standard of care surgery

    • At least clinical T3a disease, and/or Gleason≥8, and/or Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) >20, as per clinical assessment and routine guidelines
  • Undergone standard of care conventional imaging (CT and/or MRI; bone scan and/or sodium fluoride (NaF) PET)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Definitive findings of systemic metastasis on conventional imaging.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03081884


Locations
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United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mehrdad Alemozaffar Emory University
Principal Investigator: David M Schuster, MD Emory University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by David M Schuster, Emory University:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: David M Schuster, Professor, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03081884    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00092595
U01CA113913-11 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 16, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 25, 2021
Last Update Posted: January 25, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by David M Schuster, Emory University:
Prostate cancer
Metastatic cancer
Urogenital disorders
Oncology
Radiology
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases