Protein Phosphatase 2A Inhibitor, in Recurrent Glioblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03027388
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 23, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:


The brain is separated from the rest of the blood stream by the blood-brain barrier. This is like a filter that protects the brain. But is also a challenge when medicines need to get into the brain. Researchers want to give the new drug LB100 to people before brain tumor surgery. They will measure how much LB100 is in the blood and how much gets into the brain. This may help with the use of LB100 to treat brain tumors in the future.


To see if LB100 can pass into the brain.


People at least 18 years old with a brain tumor that requires surgery


Participants will be screened with:

Physical exam

Medical history

Blood tests

Neurosurgery evaluation


Heart tests

Tumor sample. This can be from a previous procedure.

Participants will have their brain surgery at the Clinical Center.

Participants will get a dose of the study drug through a plastic tube in a vein for 2 hours during surgery.

Participants will have blood taken 7 times in the 8 hours after getting the study drug.

Tumor samples will be taken during surgery.

Participants will have a heart test after getting the study drug. Sticky pads on the skin will measure electrical activity of the heart.

Two weeks after leaving the hospital, participants will have a follow-up visit. They will have a physical exam and blood tests.

One month after surgery, they will be contacted in person or by phone to see how they are doing.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Astrocytoma, Grade IV Glioblastoma Multiforme Giant Cell Glioblastoma Drug: LB-100 Early Phase 1

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Detailed Description:


  • Glioblastoma is an incurable disease with expected survival of 12-14 months in spite of aggressive multimodality therapy consisting of craniotomy, irradiation, and chemotherapy. Therapeutic options for patients with recurrent glioblastoma are limited, and there is an unmet need to identify more effective agents.
  • LB100, a water soluble small molecule novel protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibitor, was commercially developed through a CRADA based on our previous intramural research. This compound has shown to be effective in a variety of cancer types in both in vitro and in vivo models. Preclinical studies indicate LB100 has in vitro and in vivo activity as a single agent as well as potentiating the effect of cytotoxic agents including temozolomide, docetaxel, doxorubicin, and ionizing radiation. LB100 is active in combination with temozolomide or doxorubicin against xenografts of glioblastoma, neuroblastoma, pheochromocytoma, breast cancer, fibrosarcoma, and melanoma.
  • A nearly complete phase I study of LB100 has established its safety and the recommended phase II dose (2.33 mg/m^2, equivalent to a plasma concentration of 5-6 uM).
  • Although it is a polar compound, rodent studies suggest LB100 has activity in the brain.
  • Whether LB100 can across the human blood brain barrier (BBB), and at what concentration relative to the plasma level is not known. Characterizing these parameters is important because:

    • 1) Our ongoing in vitro studies indicate that LB100 has distinct mechanisms of action at different drug concentrations (e.g. nM versus uM);
    • 2) There are other brain tumors lacking effective medical therapies but without a BBB. Characterizing the LB100 BBB penetration profile will assist in defining its optimal clinical indication.


-To determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of LB100 in glioblastoma tumor tissues.


  • Patients with histologically proven glioblastoma.
  • A clear clinical indication for another surgical resection must be present.
  • Subjects must be greater than or equal to 18 years old.
  • Karnofsky performance status of greater than or equal to 60%.
  • Patients must have adequate organ function.


  • This is a two stage Phase 0, open label, single institution study to determine the PK and PD profile of LB100.
  • The dose (established from a Phase I study) will be 2.33 mg/m^2 delivered intravenously over 2 hours.
  • PK and PD effect of LB100 treated tissues will only be evaluated with pathologic confirmation of recurrent tumor. Resected material demonstrating chemoradiation treatment effect or inflammatory response will not be included in the analysis.
  • PK will be determined by quantitating LB100 in tumor tissues removed at various time points.
  • The primary endpoint is PK response, defined as a binary variable indicating the presence/absence of LB100 in tumor tissues.
  • PD effect is defined as statistically significant elevation of phospho-proteins in treated tumor tissues compared to untreated glioblastoma specimens. Untreated inter-patient baseline variance and standard deviation (SD) will be calculated. Post-treatment PD effect difference greater than 2.5 times the baseline SD is statistically significant at the .05 significance level. Due to relatively small sample size, t-distribution is to be used to calculate the cutoff defining the PD response.
  • Up to 20 patients may be enrolled to obtain 8 evaluable subjects. A two-stage design will be used. Five patients will be initially treated. If at least one of five demonstrates PK activity, 3 additional subjects will be enrolled. PK effect will be declared to be significant if at least 2 of the 8 patients demonstrate a PK response (presence of LB100 in tumor tissue).

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Phase 0 Trial of LB100, A Protein Phosphatase 2A Inhibitor, in Recurrent Glioblastoma
Study Start Date : January 5, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1/LB100
Treatment with LB100
Drug: LB-100
LB-100 will be infused over 2 hours via syringe pump in the OR. The dose established from a Phase I study will be 2.33 mg/m(2).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Drug Level in tumor tissue [ Time Frame: Post Surgery ]
    To determine the pharmacokinetic properties of LB100 in glioblastoma tumor tissues

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Patients must have histologically confirmed glioblastoma/gliosarcoma confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI.
  • Patients must have recurrent disease for which there is a clinical indication for resection.
  • Age greater than or equal to18 years.
  • Karnofsky greater than or equal to 60%.
  • Patients must have adequate bone marrow function (WBC greater than or equal to 3,000/uL ANC greater than or equal to 1,500/mm^3, platelet count of greater than or equal to 100,000/mm^3, and hemoglobin greater than or equal to 10 gm/dL), adequate liver function (SGOT and bilirubin < 2 times ULN), adequate renal function (creatinine ,< ULN) before participation in the study. These tests must be performed within 14 days prior to registration. Eligibility level for hemoglobin may be reached by transfusion.
  • Patients must be in adequate general medical health to safely tolerate a craniotomy.
  • Tumor tissue blocks or at least 20 unstained slides from a prior diagnosis will be requested. H&E to confirm diagnosis must be available. The 20 unstained slides is preferred, but not required.
  • At the time of registration, all subjects must be removed greater than or equal to 28 days from any investigational agents.
  • The effects of LB100 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of this study, and that this is not a therapeutic clinical trial.


  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Patients unwilling to undergo craniotomy.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the safety of PP2A inhibition on a developing fetus has not been established. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with LB100, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with LB100.
  • Patients may not have had prior chemotherapy or biologic therapy in the 4 weeks prior to study entry. For patients who have been treated with targeted therapy, 5 half-lives of that therapy (or 28 days, whichever is shorter) must have passed prior to enrollment in the study.
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with LB100. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Patients who are receiving strong CYP450 inducers or inhibitors are ineligible
  • Recruitment Strategies

Patients with recurrent disease will be identified at the Outpatient Clinic of the Neuro-Oncology Branch, Clinical Center.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03027388

Contact: Sonja K Crandon, R.N. (240) 760-6099

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Not yet recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    888-624-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Deric M Park, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT03027388     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 170037
First Posted: January 23, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2018
Last Verified: January 18, 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Brain Tumor
Blood Brain Barrier

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue