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EGESTA - Emergent GI Therapy for Severe, Complicated CDI Using Fecal Microbiota Transplant (EGESTA)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified November 2016 by David B. Stewart, MD, FACS, FASCRS, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
OpenBiome
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David B. Stewart, MD, FACS, FASCRS, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02968511
First received: November 11, 2016
Last updated: November 17, 2016
Last verified: November 2016
  Purpose

The objectives/specific aims of this study are three-fold. First, the study seeks to evaluate the safety of fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) in patients with severe, complicated C. difficile infection (scCDI). Second, the study seeks to evaluate whether fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) can improve scCDI, with "improve" defined as either decreasing the severity of CDI, or by resolving the infection altogether. Third, the study seeks to further study the mechanism by which FMT improves the course of scCDI by performing 16S rRNA and ITS sequencing on pre-FMT and serial post-FMT stool samples in order to measure changes to bacterial and fungal microbiota as a consequence of CDI and FMT therapy. FMT material (hereafter referred to as FMTm) would be obtained from OpenBiome. FMTm is prepared from prescreened healthy donors.

The hypothesis of the study is that FMT is a preferred salvage therapy for scCDI as compared to (1) ongoing, failing medical therapy with conventional antibiotics and (2) surgery.


Condition Intervention
C.Difficile Colitis Biological: fecal microbiota transplant

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: EGESTA - Emergent GI Therapy for Severe, Complicated CDI Using Fecal Microbiota

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by David B. Stewart, MD, FACS, FASCRS, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety - adverse events [ Time Frame: Thirty days after treatment ]
    Absence of unexpected related adverse events


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy (Cure of infection, or decrease in severity of infection based on white blood cell count) [ Time Frame: Thirty days after treatment ]
    Cure of infection, or decrease in severity of infection based on white blood cell count


Estimated Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: November 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: fecal microbiota transplant
250 mL of fecal transplant material by enema as treatment
Biological: fecal microbiota transplant
Fecal microbiota transplant for the treatment of severe, complicated C. difficile infection
Other Name: FMT Microbiota Preparation

Detailed Description:

The objectives/specific aims of this study are three-fold. First, the study seeks to evaluate the safety of fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) in patients with severe, complicated C. difficile infection (scCDI). Second, the study seeks to evaluate whether fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) can improve scCDI, with "improve" defined as either decreasing the severity of CDI, or by resolving the infection altogether. Third, the study seeks to further study the mechanism by which FMT improves the course of scCDI by performing 16S rRNA and ITS sequencing on pre-FMT and serial post-FMT stool samples in order to measure changes to bacterial and fungal microbiota as a consequence of CDI and FMT therapy. FMT material (hereafter referred to as FMTm) would be obtained from OpenBiome. FMTm is prepared from prescreened healthy donors.

The hypothesis of the study is that FMT is a preferred salvage therapy for scCDI as compared to (1) ongoing, failing medical therapy with conventional antibiotics and (2) surgery.

The standard of care treatment for scCDI is conventional antibiotics with either parenteral/oral metronidazole, and/or vancomycin provided in the form of oral and/or retention enemas. The reliability of these conventional antibiotics in the setting of scCDI is very unpredictable, and patients with CDI of this severity have a mortality rate that in some series is greater than 50%. It is against the mediocre historical record of these antibiotics that FMT would be tested in this highly moribund patient population.

FMT would not be provided to patients with scCDI off protocol.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults between 18 years of age and 75 years of age.
  • Have CDI defined as clinical symptoms of CDI (diarrhea with or without abdominal pain/abdominal distention) with a confirmatory nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) positive for CDI.
  • Have severe/complicated disease as defined by ACG guidelines(appendix 1), with any of the following attributable to CDI:

    • Admission to intensive care unit for CDI
    • Hypotension (systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg) with or without required use of vasopressors
    • Fever ≥ 38.5 ° C
    • Ileus (as defined by the absence of intestinal function for at least 24 hours and/or radiographic evidence of pathologically dilated small intestine without evidence of a mechanical obstruction) or significant abdominal distention
    • Mental status changes
    • WBC ≥ 35,000 cells / mm 3 or < 2,000 cells / mm 3
    • Serum lactate levels >2.2 mmol / l
    • End organ failure (mechanical ventilation,renal failure as defined by a rise in creatinine of >1.5 mg/dL either above the upper limit of normal for creatinine, or > 1.5 mg/dL from premorbid levels if that information is known, acute hepatic dysfunction as defined by an increase in AST or ALT to twice the upper limit of normal, etc.)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Prisoners
  • Patients under the age of 18 or over the age of 76 years of age
  • Patients who are immunocompromised including but not limited to:

    • Have HIV infection historically reported, regardless of CD4 count
    • AIDS as defined by either an AIDS-defining diagnosis (appendix 2) or a CD4 count <200/mm3,
    • Inherited or primary immune disorders,
    • Received chemotherapy within the previous 90 days, or
    • Current or recent treatment with any immunosuppressant medications in the past 90 days
  • Individuals who have received FMT at any time before potential study enrollment
  • Patients who do not have a stool test confirming C. difficile infection
  • Patients who have a severe anaphylactic response to food
  • Patients with allergies to sodium chloride or glycerol, both ingredients Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS)
  • Patients who have colorectal cancer
  • Diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Disease or Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Any other condition for which the Principal Investigator thinks the treatment may pose a health risk
  • Anticipated or predicted death within the time period of follow-up for reasons unrelated to CDI
  • An APACHE II score >29 at the time of evaluation for inclusion in the study protocol (Appendix 4.0)
  • Mandatory ongoing antibiotic use for non-CDI infection
  • Patients unable to provide informed consent or who do not have a legally authorized representative for consent
  • Patients unable to comply with requirements of this study protocol
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02968511

Contacts
Contact: David B Stewart, MD 717.531.5164 dstewart@hmc.psu.edu

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
David Stewart Recruiting
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17078
Contact: David B Stewart, MD    717-531-5164    dstewart@hmc.psu.edu   
Principal Investigator: David B Stewart, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
OpenBiome
  More Information

Responsible Party: David B. Stewart, MD, FACS, FASCRS, Associate Professor of Surger, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02968511     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00005388
Study First Received: November 11, 2016
Last Updated: November 17, 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 19, 2017