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Saline Hypertonic in Preschoolers + CT (SHIP-CT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02950883
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 1, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 4, 2019
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington, the Collaborative Health Studies Coordinating Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess whether inhalation of 7% hypertonic saline (HS) twice daily for 48 weeks reduces structural lung disease as assessed by computed tomography (CT) in comparison with inhalation of 0.9% isotonic saline (IS) in preschool children (ages 3 to 6) with cystic fibrosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cystic Fibrosis Drug: Active Treatment Group 7% Hypertonic Saline Drug: Control Group 0.9% Isotonic Saline Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Several observational studies have shown that cystic fibrosis (CF) patients less than or equal to 6 years of age have clinically silent airway damage. There is growing interest in early initiation of therapies to prevent or delay the progression of this lung disease in CF. In SHIP-CT, the investigators will evaluate treatment effects of HS relative to IS on measures of structural lung disease obtained from chest CT using a novel scoring system sensitive to early lung changes, the Perth-Rotterdam Annotated Grid Morphometric Analysis method for CF (PRAGMA-CF), that quantifies the volume percentage of diseased airways (%Dis), bronchiectasis (%Bx), and trapped air (%TA). As a secondary evaluation of structural airway damage, the investigators will use an image analysis system to measure airway dimensions relative to adjacent arteries (AA-system). Longitudinal changes in CT measures will also be compared to changes in lung function measured by the lung clearance index (LCI) obtained by N2 Multiple Breath Washout (MBW) and to clinical outcomes.

The primary hypothesis is that HS will reduce structural lung disease as assessed by the PRAGMA-CF computed tomography score relative to IS during the 48-week treatment period among preschool children with CF.

SHIP-CT is a parallel study to SHIP001 ( Identifier NCT02378467). The primary hypothesis of SHIP001, which runs in North America, is that compared to IS, HS will improve the LCI, a measure of ventilation heterogeneity, during the 48-week treatment period among preschool children with CF. The SHIP-CT study (SHIP002) will use a nearly identical study design as the SHIP001 study, with similar eligibility criteria and treatment arms, to determine whether HS reduces structural lung disease as measured by chest computed tomography (CT), in addition to stabilizing or improving functional outcomes as measured by LCI.

This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled, parallel group trial assessing structural lung disease in children with CF ages 3 to 5 at enrollment. Participants will be randomized 1:1 to receive 7% hypertonic saline (treatment arm) vs. 0.9% isotonic saline (control arm) administered twice daily via jet nebulizer for 48 weeks. Study visits will occur at screening, enrollment, and at Weeks 12, 24, 36, and 48. Parents or the legal guardian will be contacted at Weeks 1, 4 and 8 to document changes in health status, adverse events, concomitant medications/treatments, and encourage study treatment compliance. Parents or the legal guardian will also be contacted approximately every 6 weeks between visit 3, 4, 5, and 6 to address individual issues or concerns related to study treatment or study participation, and to document changes in health status, medications and treatments.

Total duration of participant participation will be up to 53 weeks. As enrollment will occur over approximately 18 months, total duration of the study is expected to be up to 30 months (18 months enrollment plus 12 months for the last participants to complete study participation).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Saline Hypertonic in Preschoolers With Cystic Fibrosis and Lung Structure as Measured by Computed Tomography (CT)
Study Start Date : August 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Active Treatment Group
7% Hypertonic Saline administered via inhalation twice daily for 48 weeks
Drug: Active Treatment Group 7% Hypertonic Saline

Drug: 7% Hypertonic Saline (HS) 4 mL of HS will be administered via inhalation twice daily for 48 weeks. The delivery system is a PARI Sprint Junior nebulizer with a PARI Baby face mask or mouthpiece driven by a PARI compressor (PARI Vios® Pro in USA, PARI BOY SX in Australia and Europe).

Other Names:

Hyper-Sal™, inhaled saline

Active Comparator: Control Group
0.9% Isotonic Saline administered via inhalation twice daily for 48 weeks
Drug: Control Group 0.9% Isotonic Saline

Drug: 0.9% Isotonic Saline (IS) 4 mL of IS will be administered via inhalation twice daily for 48 weeks The delivery system is the same as that for the test product.

Other Names: Normal saline

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Chest CT [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    The difference in PRAGMA-CF %Dis between HS and IS study arm at end of study (48 weeks), adjusted for baseline, measured from standardized chest CT.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PRAGMA-CF Sub-scores [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]

    i) The difference in PRAGMA-CF sub-scores, %Bx (the volume proportion of the lung with bronchiectasis) and %TA (the volume proportion of the lung with trapped air), between the baseline CT and the 48 week CT.

    ii) The absolute number of airways, airway dimensions and AA ratios from TLC CTs, acquired at the 48-week visit.

  2. Lung Clearance Index (LCI) [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    The difference in LCI, measured by N2 MBW, from baseline to 48 weeks

  3. Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between primary and secondary PRAGMA-CF outcomes (%Dis, %Bx and %TA) and MBW outcomes (LCI), airway dimensions and PRAGMA-CF and MBW outcomes, as well as CFQ-R scores and PRAGMA-CF and MBW

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 5 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of CF as evidenced by one or more clinical features consistent with the CF phenotype or positive CF newborn screen AND one or more of the following criteria:

    1. A documented sweat chloride ≥ 60 mEq/L by quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis (QPIT)
    2. A documented genotype with two disease-causing mutations in the CFTR gene
  2. Informed consent by parent or legal guardian
  3. Age ≥ 36 months and ≤72 months at screening visit
  4. Ability to comply with medication use, study visits and study procedures as judged by the site investigator
  5. Ability to cooperate with chest CT at the enrollment visit as determined by the lung function technician

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Chest CT within 8 months prior to the Screening visit
  2. Acute intercurrent respiratory infection, defined as an increase in cough, wheezing, or respiratory rate with onset within 3 weeks preceding screening or enrollment visit
  3. Acute wheezing at screening or enrollment visit
  4. Oxygen saturation < 95% (<90% in centers located above 4000 feet elevation) at screening or enrollment visit
  5. Other major organ dysfunction, excluding pancreatic dysfunction
  6. Physical findings that would compromise the safety of the participant or the quality of the study data as determined by site investigator
  7. Investigational drug use within 30 days prior to screening or enrollment visit
  8. Treatment with inhaled HS at any concentration within 30 days prior to screening or enrollment visit
  9. Initiation (i.e. new prescription) of any inhaled hydrating agent such as mannitol or mucolytic agents such as dornase alpha within 30 days prior to the screening or enrollment visit
  10. Chronic lung disease not related to CF
  11. Inability to tolerate first dose of study treatment at the enrollment visit

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02950883

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Contact: Karen H. Stukovsky, PhD (206) 897-1940

  Hide Study Locations
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United States, Colorado
Children's Hospital of Colorado Active, not recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, Indiana
Riley Hospital for Children Active, not recruiting
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine Active, not recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Active, not recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
United States, Oregon
Oregon Health Sciences University Active, not recruiting
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC Active, not recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15224
United States, Washington
Seattle Children's Hospital Active, not recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Royal Women's and Children Hospital Recruiting
Adelaide, Australia
Contact: Greer Dymmott   
Lady Cilento Children's Hospital Recruiting
Brisbane, Australia
Contact: Joyce Cheney   
Contact    07 3069 7195      
Royal Children's Hospital Recruiting
Melbourne, Australia
Contact: Julie Smith   
John Hunter Children's Hospital Recruiting
Newcastle, Australia
Contact: Jodi Hilton   
Children's Hospital at Westmead Withdrawn
Sydney, Australia
Sydney Children's Hospital at Randwick Terminated
Sydney, Australia
Perth Children's Hospital Recruiting
West Perth, Australia
Contact: Sam Grogan   
Contact: Lucy McCahon   
Universitair Ziekenhuis Children's Hospital Recruiting
Brussels, Belgium
Contact: Christel van den Brande    003224774187   
UZ Leuven - Gasthuisberg Ziekenhuis Recruiting
Leuven, Belgium
Contact: Linda Boulanger    32 16 3 4380   
Contact: Els Aertgeerts   
Canada, British Columbia
British Columbia Children's Hospital Active, not recruiting
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6H3V4
Canada, Ontario
Hospital for Sick Kids Active, not recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G1X8
Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet Recruiting
Copenhagen, Denmark
Contact: Maria Charlotte Philipsen   
Contact: Christian Voldby   
Hospice Civils de Lyon Recruiting
Lyon, France
Contact: Stephane Mazur   
Hospital Robert Debre Recruiting
Paris, France
Contact: Sarah Zaimeddine   
Bambini Gesu Children's Hospital Recruiting
Roma, Italy, 00165
Ospedale Civile Maggiore Recruiting
Verona, Italy, 37126
Sophia Children's Hospital at Erasmus Medical Centre Recruiting
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Contact: Jorien van de Puttelaar    31 10 703 66 83   
Contact: Badies Manai    31 10 703 66 83   
Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron Recruiting
Barcelona, Spain
Contact: Ylenia Jacinto   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington, the Collaborative Health Studies Coordinating Center
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Harm Tiddens, MD, PhD Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam
Principal Investigator: Stephen Stick, MD, PhD Telethon Kids Institute, Perth
Principal Investigator: Margaret Rosenfeld, MD, MPH Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle
Principal Investigator: Stephanie Davis, MD Indiana University, Indianapolis
Principal Investigator: Felix Ratjen, MD, PhD, FRCPC The Hospital for Sick Children

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Responsible Party: University of Washington, the Collaborative Health Studies Coordinating Center Identifier: NCT02950883     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SHIP002
First Posted: November 1, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 4, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by University of Washington, the Collaborative Health Studies Coordinating Center:
Cystic Fibrosis
Hypertonic Saline
Inhaled Saline
Digestive System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Lung Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Computed Tomography (CT)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cystic Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases