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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT02874430
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Metformin Hydrochloride and Doxycycline in Treating Patients With Localized Breast or Uterine Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02874430
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 22, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 16, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Jefferson University ( Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University )

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well metformin hydrochloride works together with doxycycline in treating patients with localized breast or uterine cancer. Metformin hydrochloride may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Doxycycline may stop the growth of bacteria by keeping them from making proteins and minimized the toxic side effects of anti-cancer therapy. It is not yet known whether giving metformin hydrochloride together with doxycycline may be a better way in treating patients with localized breast or uterine cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Carcinoma Endometrial Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma Endometrial Serous Adenocarcinoma Uterine Corpus Cancer Uterine Corpus Carcinosarcoma Drug: Metformin Hydrochloride Drug: Doxycycline Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if treatment with a combination of metformin and doxycycline can increase the percentage of cells that express Caveolin-1 in the cancer associated fibroblasts of patients with breast, or uterine, and cervical cancers.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the effect of metformin and doxycycline treatment on the percentage of cells that express monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)4 in cancer associated fibroblasts and MCT1 and transporter of outer mitochondrial membrane (TOMM)20 in the cancer cells of breast and uterine cancer patients.

II. To assess safety and tolerability of metformin and doxycycline treatment in subjects with breast and uterine cancer.

III. To determine the relationship of the percentage of stromal cells expressing caveolin (CAV)1 or MCT4 and tumor cells that express MCT1 and TOMM20 at baseline and after treatment with metformin and doxycycline with the percentage of cells expressing estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) for breast and uterine samples and human epidermal growth factor (HER)2 in breast cancer samples.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the effect of combined metformin and doxycycline therapy on the metabolic profile of cancer cells and stroma using mass spectroscopy imaging (MSI) on paired samples, comparing metabolite profiles in the pre-metformin and post-metformin tumor sample.

II. To assess, when possible, the impact of a patient's nutritional status, estimated using 3 day dietary recall versus caloric needs as calculated by the Harris-Benedict equation on the baseline and net change in CAV1 III. To assess the effect of combined metformin and doxycycline therapy on oncomiR micro ribonucleic acid (RNA) (miR-21) after intervention.

IV. To assess the effect of combined metformin and doxycycline therapy on adipokines and the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1/insulin signaling pathways through assessment of serum triglycerides, IGF-1, IGF-binding protein (BP)3, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), adiponectin, leptin, IGF-1 receptor (R), exosome evaluation, metabolomics profile, and microRNA expression profile.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 46 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Metformin in Combination With Doxycycline in Patients With Localized Breast, and Uterine, and Cervical Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : June 8, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (metformin hydrochloride, doxycycline)
Patients receive metformin hydrochloride orally daily on days 1-3 and twice a day starting on day 4. Patients also receive doxycycline orally every 12 hours starting on day 1. Treatment repeats every 7 days for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Metformin Hydrochloride
Given orally
Other Names:
  • 1,1-Dimethylbiguanide Hydrochloride
  • 1115-70-4
  • 91485
  • Cidophage
  • Dimefor
  • Glifage
  • Glucoformin
  • Glucophage
  • N,N-Dimethylimidodicarbonimidic Diamide Monohydrochloride
  • Riomet
  • Siofor
Drug: Doxycycline
Given orally
Other Names:
  • 17086-28-1
  • Doxycycline Monohydrate



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the percent of stromal cells expressing Caveolin-1 (CAV1) at an intensity of 1+ or greater assessed by immunohistochemistry [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 6 ]
    Within-patient change in immunohistochemistry scores will be analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events evaluated using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: At 30 days after last dose of metformin and doxycycline ]
  2. Change in the percent of stromal cells expressing express Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 (MCT4) in the cancer cells [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 5 ]
    Analysis will be performed separately in breast and uterine cancer patients. Evaluated using Aperio analyses of expression intensity with previously validated algorithms. Analysis will be performed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.

  3. Change in the percent of tumor cells that express Monocarboxylate Transporter 1 (MCT1) and Transporter of Outer Mitochondrial Membrane 20 (TOMM20) in the cancer cells [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 5 ]
    Analysis will be performed separately in breast and uterine cancer patients. Evaluated using Aperio analyses of expression intensity with previously validated algorithms. Analysis will be performed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.

  4. Percentage of stromal cells expressing Caveolin-1 (CAV1) or Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 (MCT4) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 5 ]
    Assessed in relation to the percentage of cells expressing Estrogen Receptor (ER) and Progesterone Receptor (PR) for breast and uterine samples and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) in breast cancer samples.

  5. Percentage of tumor cells that express Monocarboxylate Transporter 1 (MCT1) and Transporter of Outer Mitochondrial Membrane 20 (TOMM20) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 5 ]
    Assessed in relation to the percentage of cells expressing Estrogen Receptor (ER) and Progesterone Receptor (PR) for breast and uterine samples and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) in breast cancer samples.

  6. Progress-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months post last dose of metformin and doxycycline ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  7. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months post last dose of metformin and doxycycline ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  8. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months post last dose of metformin and doxycycline ]
    Up to 12 months



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

In order to be eligible for participation in this trial, the subject must:

  1. Diagnosis of localized breast or uterine cancer that is either biopsy proven or suspected based on history, physical, and or radiographic findings, and who are planned for definitive resection of the tumor without the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy at TJUH are eligible to participate.
  2. Subjects must be ≥ 18 years of age at time of consent.
  3. Subjects must be newly diagnosed or suspected to have breast, uterine (endometrial cancer with histologies including endometrioid, serous, clear cell, and carcinosarcoma) or cervical cancer.
  4. Patient must be able to swallow pills.
  5. Patients with serum creatinine levels less than 1.5 mg/dL.
  6. Women of child bearing potential must have a negative urine or blood pregnancy test within 14 days of study enrollment.
  7. Informed Consent: All subjects must be able to comprehend and sign a written informed consent document.
  8. ECOG Performance status <1

Exclusion Criteria:

The subject must be excluded from participating in the trial if the subject:

  1. Subjects that do not have a baseline tumor specimen/biopsy prior to starting study medications.

    a. Tumor specimens do not need to be at Jefferson at time of eligibility determination. Tumor specimens held at outside institutions are not a reason for exclusion. Samples from outside institutions should be requested for analysis of pre-treatment tumor vs post-treatment tumor.

  2. Received any prior cancer therapy for the breast or uterine cancer that is being resected, including progesterone therapy for endometrial cancer patients.

    a. Patients may have had prior therapy for other contra-lateral breast cancer.

  3. Subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding or may become pregnant during metformin and doxycycline administration.
  4. Subjects on metformin or doxycycline for any reason during the preceding 4 weeks.
  5. Diabetic subjects that are managed by taking metformin or insulin.
  6. Subjects who have received iodinated contrast dye must wait 12 hours prior to starting Metformin. If a CT scan with contrast is scheduled after screening and consent, the metformin cannot be taken until after the CT with contrast has been completed and they have waited 12 hours.
  7. Patients with serum creatinine level greater than 1.5 mg/dL.
  8. Patients with history of lactic or any other metabolic acidosis.
  9. Patients with history of congestive heart failure stage III or greater.
  10. Patients scheduled for definitive cancer surgical resection less than 7 days from beginning of study drug administration or greater than 6 weeks from beginning study drug administration.
  11. Patients with history of hepatic dysfunction or hepatic disease and abnormal liver function tests defined as AST, ALT, Alk Phos, and or total bilirubin greater than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal.

    a. Patients who have a history of hepatic dysfunction or hepatic disease and normal liver function tests will be eligible to participate.

  12. Patients with a current history (in the past 30 days) of heavy drinking which is defined in accordance with CDC definition as more than 8 drinks per week for women and more than 15 drinks per week for men. A standard drink contains .6 ounces of pure alcohol. Generally, this amount of pure alcohol is found in 12-ounces of beer, 8-ounces of malt liquor, 5-ounces of wine, 1.5-ounces or a "shot" of 80-proof distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, or whiskey). While on study, patients should limit their alcohol consumption to no more than 8 drinks per week for women and no more than 15 drinks per week for men. Patients who feel they cannot comply with this recommendation are not eligible.
  13. Prior allergic reaction to metformin, doxycycline, or any other tetracycline antibiotic in the past.
  14. Patient is on medications that are contraindicated with metformin or doxycycline under current FDA recommendations. The following is a list of medications identified as class D (consider therapy modification) when treatment with metformin or doxycycline is considered:

    • Class D:

      • Bismuth Subsalicylate
      • Cimetidine
      • Iodinated contrast agents
      • Somatropin

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02874430


Contacts
Contact: Jennifer Johnson, MD, PhD 215-955-8874

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Thomas Jefferson University Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Contact: Jennifer Johnson, MD, PhD    215-955-8874      
Sub-Investigator: Adam Berger, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Theodore Tsangaris, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Melissa Lazar, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Christine Kim, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Norman Rosenblum, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Benjamin Leiby, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Madalina Tuluc, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Joanna Chan, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Ubaldo Martinez Outschoorn, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Nicole Simone, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Johnson, MD, PhD Thomas Jefferson University

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02874430     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 16D.317
First Posted: August 22, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Breast Neoplasms
Carcinosarcoma
Mixed Tumor, Mullerian
Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous
Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Cystadenocarcinoma
Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous
Metformin
Doxycycline
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents