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Study Comparing Efficacy and Safety of Defibrotide vs Best Supportive Care in the Prevention of Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease in Adult and Pediatric Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02851407
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 1, 2016
Results First Posted : March 2, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 2, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jazz Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
This study is to compare the efficacy and safety of defibrotide prophylaxis in addition to best supportive care versus best supportive care alone in the prevention of hepatic veno- occlusive disease (VOD) in adult and pediatric patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant who are at high risk or very high risk of developing VOD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Veno-occlusive Disease Drug: Defibrotide Other: Best Supportive Care Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 372 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Adaptive Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Defibrotide vs Best Supportive Care in the Prevention of Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease in Adult and Pediatric Patients Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 20, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : October 20, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Defibrotide
Defibrotide is administered intravenously at a dose of 25 mg/kg/day in addition to best supportive care on the day before the first day of the conditioning regimen and will continue (for those patients without a VOD diagnosis) for a recommended minimum of 21 days and end no later than Day +30 post HSCT
Drug: Defibrotide
Best Supportive Care
Best supportive care alone (without the addition of defibrotide) according to institutional guidelines and patient need, is administered on the first day of conditioning and will continue until Day +30 post HSCT or hospital discharge, whichever is sooner, or diagnosis of VOD, if applicable
Other: Best Supportive Care



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Veno-occlusive Disease (VOD)-Free Survival by Day +30 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) Per the Independent Endpoint Adjudication Committee (EPAC) [ Time Frame: Day +30 Post-HSCT ]
    VOD-free survival is a composite of survival status and VOD occurrence as determined by modified Seattle criteria adjudicated by a blinded independent EPAC. An event is defined as a VOD diagnosis (as assessed by the EPAC) or death, whichever, is earlier, up to and including Day +30 post-HSCT. The values reported below are participants who did not experience VOD or death by Day +30 post-HSCT.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD)-Free Survival by Day +100 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) Per the Independent Endpoint Adjudication Committee (EPAC) [ Time Frame: Day +100 Post-HSCT ]
    VOD-free survival is a composite of survival status and VOD occurrence as determined by modified Seattle criteria adjudicated by a blinded independent EPAC. An event is defined as a VOD diagnosis (as assessed by the EPAC) or death, whichever, is earlier, up to and including Day +100 post-HSCT. The values reported below are participants who did not experience VOD or death by Day +100 post-HSCT.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD) by Day +30 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) [ Time Frame: Day +30 Post-HSCT ]
    The number of participants who were diagnosed with VOD based on the Modified Seattle Criteria as per blinded EPAC assessment. The percentage was calculated out of the total number of participants in each arm of the study. The values reported below are the numbers and percentages of participants who experienced VOD by Day +30 post-HSCT.

  3. Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD)-Free Survival Rate by Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    VOD-free survival is a composite of survival status and VOD occurrence as determined by modified Seattle criteria. An event is defined as a VOD diagnosis or death, whichever, is earlier, up to and including Day +180 post-HSCT. The diagnosis of VOD through Day +100 post-HSCT was based on Endpoint Adjudication Committee (EPAC), and the diagnosis of VOD after Day +100 post-HSCT was based on investigator assessments. The values reported below are participants who did not experience VOD or death by Day +180 post-HSCT.

  4. Non-Relapse Mortality (NRM) for Defibrotide (DP) and Best Supportive Care (BSC) by Days +100 and +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) [ Time Frame: Days +100 and +180 Post-HSCT ]
    NRM is defined as death that occurs after HSCT in participants who were noted as having malignant primary disease on the disease history electronic case report form (eCRF) and do not have primary disease relapse post-HSCT.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD)-Associated Multi-Organ Dysfunction (MOD) by Days +30 and Days +100 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) in Patients Who Developed VOD [ Time Frame: Days +30 and +100 Post-HSCT ]
    VOD-associated MOD is defined for participants as occurring if the investigator answers "Yes" to the question "Has the participant been diagnosed with VOD associated MOD?" in the electronic case report form (eCRF). The values below are the number of participants who received the answer, "Yes."

  6. Percentage of Participants Who Had Resolution of Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD) by Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    The proportion of participants who had resolution of VOD by Day +180 post-HSCT is reported as a percentage.

  7. Time to Resolution of Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD) by Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    Time to Resolution of VOD is calculated as follows: Time to Resolution of VOD= [Date of VOD resolution] - [Date of VOD diagnosis by investigator].

  8. Percentage of Participants With Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD) After Day +30 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) up to Days +100 and +180 Post-HSCT [ Time Frame: Days +100 and +180 Post-HSCT ]
    The values shown are the number and percentage of participants with VOD after day +30 post-HSCT and on or before Days +100 and +180 post-HSCT. The diagnosis of VOD through Day +100 post-HSCT was made by Endpoint Adjudication Committee (EPAC), and the diagnosis of VOD after Day +100 post-HSCT was based on investigator assessments.

  9. Change in 5-Level EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D-5L) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Adult Participants Age ≥ 16 Years: Mobility [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-5L, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 Post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  10. Change in 5-Level EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D-5L) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Adult Participants Age ≥ 16 Years: Self-Care [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-5L, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 Post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  11. Change in 5-Level EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D-5L) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Adult Participants Age ≥ 16 Years: Activity [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-5L, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 Post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  12. Change in 5-Level EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D-5L) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Adult Participants Age ≥ 16 Years: Pain [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-5L, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 Post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  13. Change in 5-Level EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D-5L) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Adult Participants Age ≥ 16 Years: Anxiety [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-5L, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 Post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  14. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 4 and ≤ 7 Years: Mobility [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  15. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 4 and ≤ 7 Years: Self-Care [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  16. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 4 and ≤ 7 Years: Activity [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  17. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 4 and ≤ 7 Years: Pain [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  18. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 4 and ≤ 7 Years: Anxiety [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  19. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 8 and ≤ 15 Years: Mobility [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  20. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 8 and ≤ 15 Years: Self-Care [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  21. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 8 and ≤ 15 Years: Activity [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  22. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 8 and ≤ 15 Years: Pain [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  23. Change in EuroQol-5D for Youth (EQ-5D-Y) Dimensions From Baseline to Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) for Pediatric Participants Age ≥ 8 and ≤ 15 Years: Anxiety [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    For each of the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, activity, pain, and anxiety based on the descriptive system of the EQ-5D-Y, self-report version, the numbers and percentages of participants for all categories (the three levels of reported problems and question not completed) at Day +180 post-HSCT was assessed. Each dimension was categorized as follows: Condition improved, if the reported level of problem is lower at the assessment than baseline; condition unchanged, if the reported level of problem remains the same; condition deteriorated, if the reported level of problem is higher at that assessment than at baseline; and unknown, if the reported level of problem is missing either at baseline or at that assessment.

  24. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Defibrotide Prophylaxis During the Prophylaxis Phase [ Time Frame: Day +1 and +7 Post-HSCT ]
    Cmax is the maximum defibrotide plasma concentration, obtained directly from the observed data. Cmax is a summary statistic and it is not reported on an hourly basis. If veno-occlusive disease (VOD) occurs, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the day before the start date of rescue defibrotide. If VOD does not occur, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the date of study completion/early termination.

  25. Area Under the Defibrotide Concentration-Time Curve (AUClast) of Defibrotide Prophylaxis During the Prophylaxis Phase [ Time Frame: Day +1 and +7 Post-HSCT ]
    AUClast is the area under the defibrotide concentration-time curve from 0 (pre-dose) to time of last quantifiable defibrotide concentration at time "t". AUClast is a summary statistic and it is not reported on an hourly basis. If veno-occlusive disease (VOD) occurs, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the day before the start date of rescue defibrotide. If VOD does not occur, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the date of study completion/early termination.

  26. Mean Clearance of Defibrotide Prophylaxis During the Prophylaxis Phase [ Time Frame: Day +1 and +7 Post-HSCT ]
    Mean systemic clearance after intravenous dosing. Mean clearance is a summary statistic and it is not reported on an hourly basis. If veno-occlusive disease (VOD) occurs, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the day before the start date of rescue defibrotide. If VOD does not occur, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the date of study completion/early termination.

  27. Volume of Distribution of Defibrotide Prophylaxis During the Prophylaxis Phase [ Time Frame: Day +1 and +7 Post-HSCT ]
    Mean volume of distribution following intravenous dosing. Mean volume of distribution is a summary statistic and it is not reported on an hourly basis.If veno-occlusive disease (VOD) occurs, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the day before the start date of rescue defibrotide. If VOD does not occur, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the date of study completion/early termination.

  28. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Defibrotide Prophylaxis During the Rescue Phase [ Time Frame: Day +14 Post-VOD Treatment ]
    Cmax is the maximum defibrotide plasma concentration, obtained directly from the observed data. Cmax is a summary statistic and it is not reported on an hourly basis. For the subset of participants who developed veno-occlusive disease (VOD) and received rescue defibrotide, the rescue treatment phase begins on the start date of rescue defibrotide and ends on the date of study completion/early termination.

  29. Area Under the Defibrotide Concentration-Time Curve (AUClast) of Defibrotide Prophylaxis During the Rescue Phase [ Time Frame: Day +14 Post-VOD Treatment ]
    AUClast is the area under the defibrotide concentration-time curve from 0 (pre-dose) to time of last quantifiable defibrotide concentration at time "t". AUClast is a summary statistic and it is not reported on an hourly basis. For the subset of participants who developed veno-occlusive disease (VOD) and received rescue defibrotide, the rescue treatment phase begins on the start date of rescue defibrotide and ends on the date of study completion/early termination.

  30. Volume of Distribution of Defibrotide Prophylaxis During the Rescue Phase [ Time Frame: Day +14 Post-VOD Treatment ]
    Mean volume of distribution following intravenous dosing. Mean volume of distribution is a summary statistic and it is not reported on an hourly basis. For the subset of participants who developed veno-occlusive disease (VOD) and received rescue defibrotide, the rescue treatment phase begins on the start date of rescue defibrotide and ends on the date of study completion/early termination.

  31. Percentage of Participants With Grades 2, 3, and 4 Acute Graft-Versus-Host-Disease (GvHD) by Days +30, +100, and +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) in the Prophylaxis Phase [ Time Frame: Days +30, +100, and +180 Post-HSCT ]
    The number and percentage of participants with Grade 2-4 acute GvHD in the prophylaxis phase. Grade 2 is defined as Skin stage = 3, or Liver stage = 1, or GI stage = 1. Grade 3 is defined as Skin stage = 3, or Liver stage = 2-3, or GI stage = 2-4. Grade 4 is defined as a Skin stage = 4, or Liver stage = 4, or GI stage = 2-4.

  32. Percentage of Participants With Grades 2, 3, and 4 Acute Graft-Versus-Host-Disease (GvHD) by Days +30, +100, and +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) in the Rescue Phase [ Time Frame: Days +30, +100, and +180 Post-HSCT ]
    The number and percentage of participants with Grade 2-4 acute GvHD in the rescue phase. Grade 2 is defined as Skin stage = 3, or Liver stage = 1, or GI stage = 1. Grade 3 is defined as Skin stage = 3, or Liver stage = 2-3, or GI stage = 2-4. Grade 4 is defined as a Skin stage = 4, or Liver stage = 4, or GI stage = 2-4.

  33. Percentage of Participants With Chronic Graft-Versus-Host-Disease (GvHD) by Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    The values shown are the number and percentages of participants who developed chronic GvHD by Day +180 post-HSCT in the prophylaxis phase and rescue phase.

  34. Number of Participants With Graft Failure During the Prophylaxis Phase and Rescue Phase [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    Graft failure is defined as participants that after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) never reached an absolute neutrophil count >0.5 x 10^9/L that is maintained for three consecutive days or a platelet count >20 x 10^9/L without a platelet transfusion in the preceding seven days. If veno-occlusive disease (VOD) occurs, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the day before the start date of rescue defibrotide. If VOD does not occur, the prophylaxis phase starts on the baseline date and ends on the date of study completion/early termination. For the subset of participants who developed VOD and received rescue defibrotide, the rescue treatment phase begins on the start date of rescue defibrotide and ends on the date of study completion/early termination.

  35. Number of Participants With Neutrophil Engraftment by Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    The date of neutrophil engraftment was recorded on the electronic case report form (eCRF) and is defined as the first date after HSCT of an absolute neutrophil count >0.5 x 10^9/L that is maintained for three consecutive days. The definition of "absolute neutrophil count" includes both segmented neutrophils and "bands," immature neutrophils. The number of participants with neutrophil engraftment was assessed.

  36. Number of Participants With Platelet Engraftment by Day +180 Post-Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) [ Time Frame: Day +180 Post-HSCT ]
    The date of platelet engraftment was recorded on the electronic case report form (eCRF) and is defined as the first date after HSCT of a platelet count >20 x 10^9/L without a platelet transfusion in the preceding seven days. The number of participants with platelet engraftment was assessed.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient must be above the age of 1 month as of the start date of study treatment.
  2. Patient must be scheduled to undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) (adults or pediatric patients) or autologous HSCT (pediatric patients only) and be at high risk or very high risk of developing veno-occlusive disease (VOD).
  3. Female patients (and female partners of male patients) of childbearing potential who are sexually active must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception with their partners during exposure to defibrotide and for 1 week after the last dose of defibrotide.
  4. Adult patients must be able to understand and sign a written informed consent. For minor patients, the parent/legal guardian or representative must be able to understand and sign a written informed consent. Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has hemodynamic instability within 24 hours before the start of study treatment.
  2. Patient has acute bleeding that is clinically significant within 24 hours before the start of study treatment.
  3. Patient used any medication that increases the risk of bleeding within 24 hours before the start of study treatment.
  4. Patient is using or plans to use an investigational agent for the prevention or treatment of VOD.
  5. Patient, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study.
  6. Patient or parent/legal guardian or representative has a psychiatric illness that would prevent the patient or parent/legal guardian or representative from giving informed consent and/or assent.
  7. Patient has a serious active disease or co-morbid medical condition, as judged by the investigator, which would interfere with the conduct of this study.
  8. Patient is pregnant or lactating and does not agree to stop breastfeeding.
  9. Patient has a known history of hypersensitivity to defibrotide or any of the excipients.
  10. Patient or parent/legal guardian or representative lacks the full mental capacity to understand and sign a written informed consent.
  11. Patient is receiving or plans to receive other investigational therapy during study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02851407


Locations
Show Show 114 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jazz Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Jazz Pharmaceuticals Jazz Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Jazz Pharmaceuticals:
Study Protocol  [PDF] August 20, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 24, 2020

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Jazz Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02851407    
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-007
First Posted: August 1, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 2, 2022
Last Update Posted: March 2, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Jazz Pharmaceuticals:
stem cell transplant
hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT)
veno-occlusive disease (VOD)
sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Defibrotide
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors