Effectiveness and Efficacy of Dynamic Optimal Timing, a Smart Phone App for Avoiding Pregnancy: an Observational Study
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02833922|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 14, 2016
Results First Posted : February 17, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Desire to Avoid Pregnancy||Behavioral: Women using Dot to avoid pregnancy|
This is a prospective, efficacy study of the Dynamic Optimal Timing (Dot), an app-based method of family planning that provides the user with information about her daily probability of pregnancy based on the length of her menstrual cycles over time. To use the app, women enter the first day of their menstrual period. Women are then provided information about their daily risk of pregnancy for that day, which they can then use to avoid having unprotected sex. The study is being conducted by the Institute for Reproductive Health (IRH) at Georgetown University.
The study will examine the relationship between women's use of the Dot method (both perfect and typical use) and their pregnancy outcomes at the end of the study. The study will also look at several additional secondary outcomes, such as perceived partner support for the method, coital frequency during the fertile time, and intention to continue using the method after study discontinuation, as well as several other variables around the acceptability of conducting an efficacy study via an app.
The study will recruit women who have already downloaded the DOT app on their Android phones. The study will only recruit women who have previously set their intent in the Dot app as "avoid pregnancy" and entered their second period start date into the app. Eligible women will be: between 18 and 39 years old, have not been pregnant or used hormonal contraception in the last 3 months, are sexually active in a relationship with a male partner, and desire to avoid pregnancy for at least one year.
Women who are consented and entered into the study will activate a "research module" within the Dot app. This module is essentially an "overlay" to the DOT app. It does not change the app itself in any way, but provides a data platform for researchers to obtain self-reported data from study participants about their daily sexual history and to collect periodic surveys from participants on topics pertaining to the study primary and secondary outcomes. Women who report pregnancy, or who fail to enter a new cycle start date within the 40-day window allowed by the Dot method, will be contacted and sent urine pregnancy tests, to confirm their pregnancy status. Participants will complete a maximum of 13 menstrual cycles (approximately 1 year) in the study.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||718 participants|
|Official Title:||Perfect- and Typical-use Effectiveness of the Dot Fertility App Over 13 Cycles: Results From a Prospective Contraceptive Effectiveness Trial|
|Study Start Date :||September 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 30, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 30, 2019|
Women using Dot to avoid pregnancy
Women living in the United States, ages 18-39 who have not used hormonal birth control or been pregnant in the last three months, who are in a relationship with a male sexual partner, and who wish to use the Dot app to avoid pregnancy for at least one year.
Behavioral: Women using Dot to avoid pregnancy
Women who have chosen to use Dot to prevent pregnancy will be followed for 13 cycles to assess perfect and typical use of the Dynamic Optimal Timing method.
- Pregnancy Rates [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Pregnancy rates during perfect and typical use of the Dynamic Optimal Timing method to avoid pregnancy in a way directly comparable to the approach used in recent family planning effectiveness studies
- Intent to Continue Using the Method at Study Completion [ Time Frame: 1 year ]46.8% of women reported on their 13th cycle that they intend to keep using Dot to prevent pregnancy.
- Perceived Partner Support [ Time Frame: 1 year ]687 out of 718 women completed the survey where we asked about perceived partner support. The survey was not mandatory and some women did not complete the study or exited the study prior to its administration.
- User Acceptability of App-based, Self-reported Data Collection [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- User Perceived Impact of the Dot App [ Time Frame: 1 year ]The Dot app has increased my awareness of the importance of knowing my fertile window, in order to prevent pregnancy
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02833922
|Principal Investigator:||Victoria Jennings, PhD||Institute for Reproductive Health at Georgetown University|