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Veliparib, Capecitabine, and Temozolomide in Patients With Advanced, Metastatic, and Recurrent Neuroendocrine Tumor

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02831179
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Loss of funding support)
First Posted : July 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 28, 2017
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jordan Berlin, MD, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of veliparib when given together with capecitabine and temozolomide in treating patients with neuroendocrine tumor that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment, has returned after a period of improvement, and cannot be removed by surgery. Veliparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Functional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Malignant Somatostatinoma Merkel Cell Carcinoma Metastatic Adrenal Gland Pheochromocytoma Metastatic Carcinoid Tumor Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2A Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2B Neuroendocrine Neoplasm Non-Functional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Pancreatic Glucagonoma Pancreatic Insulinoma Recurrent Adrenal Cortex Carcinoma Recurrent Adrenal Gland Pheochromocytoma Recurrent Merkel Cell Carcinoma Somatostatin-Producing Neuroendocrine Tumor Stage III Adrenal Cortex Carcinoma Stage III Thyroid Gland Medullary Carcinoma Stage IIIA Merkel Cell Carcinoma Stage IIIB Merkel Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Adrenal Cortex Carcinoma Stage IV Merkel Cell Carcinoma Stage IVA Thyroid Gland Medullary Carcinoma Stage IVB Thyroid Gland Medullary Carcinoma Stage IVC Thyroid Gland Medullary Carcinoma Thymic Carcinoid Tumor VIP-Producing Neuroendocrine Tumor Well Differentiated Adrenal Cortex Carcinoma Zollinger Ellison Syndrome Drug: Capecitabine Drug: Temozolomide Drug: Veliparib Other: Pharmacological Study Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of veliparib (ABT-888) in combination with capecitabine and temozolomide in patients with advanced well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors.


2. To determine the safety profile of the combination of capecitabine, temozolomide and veliparib in patients with advanced well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET).

3. To evaluate the antitumor activity of the combination of capecitabine, temozolomide and veliparib in advanced well-differentiated NET patients

4. To determine progression-free survival (PFS) of the combination of capecitabine, temozolomide, and veliparib in advanced well-differentiated NET patients IV. To evaluate the association between pharmacodynamic biomarkers and response in patients with advanced well-differentiated NET patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of veliparib.

Patients receive capecitabine orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-14, temozolomide PO BID on days 10-14 and veliparib PO BID on days 10-14. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of Veliparib (ABT-888) in Combination With Capecitabine and Temozolomide in Advanced Well-Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors
Estimated Study Start Date : December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (capecitabine, temozolomide, veliparib)
Capecitabine PO BID on days 1-14, temozolomide PO BID on days 10-14 and veliparib PO BID on days 10-14.
Drug: Capecitabine
Given PO

Drug: Temozolomide
Given PI

Drug: Veliparib
given PO

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose determined by dose limiting toxicities defined as any toxicity in the first course evaluated according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate measured as complete response, partial response or stable disease according to RECIST 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: 56 days (2 courses) ]
  2. Response duration [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
  3. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: From start of treatment to time of progression or death, assessed up to 4 weeks ]
  4. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
  5. Poly-adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribosylated (PAR) level [ Time Frame: Baseline to day 15 of course 1 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed metastatic unresectable well differentiated (low grade and intermediate grade) neuroendocrine tumors (Ki-67 < 20% and mitotic rate < 2 per 10 high power field) that demonstrate progressive disease (by serial computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] scans) in past 12 months including

    • Carcinoid tumors originating anywhere in the body including the gastrointestinal (GI) tract or bronchial tree or thymus
    • Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (including functional and non-functional islet cell, insulinomas and glucagonomas)
    • Pheochromocytomas
    • Gastrinomas (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome)
    • Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN type I/II),
    • Adrenal carcinomas with NET markers by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or serum
    • Somatostatinoma
    • VIPoma (vasoactive intestinal peptide)
    • Merkel cell tumors
    • Medullary thyroid carcinoma
    • Neuroendocrine tumors of unknown primary site
  • Patients must have progressed on octreotide therapy and/or radioactive isotopes linked to octreotide or its congeners if they had a positive octreotide scan; patients who have negative or mildly positive octreotide scans are exempt from this requirement
  • Somatostatin analogs can be continued at their tolerated dose in patients with functional symptoms related to underlying disease such as in functional islet cell, insulinomas, glucagonomas etc
  • Patients may have received prior chemotherapy for advanced disease including either capecitabine or temozolomide single agent as long as it did not include combination of capecitabine and temozolomide
  • Patients must have completed prior (non-excluded) anti-cancer therapy (including surgery or chemotherapy or hepatic embolization/chemoembolization or radioactive isotopes i.e. yttrium 90) at least 4 weeks prior to day 1
  • Patients with no brain metastases or a history of previously treated brain metastases who have been treated by surgery or stereotactic radiosurgery at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment and have a baseline MRI that shows no evidence of active intracranial disease and have not had treatment with steroids within 1 week of study enrollment
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Anticipated life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • Patients must have measurable disease either primary and/or metastatic masses reproducibly measurable in one or two diameters by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria 1.1 parameters by CT scan or MRI scan; positron emission tomography (PET) or octreotide scans are useful adjuncts but will not be used to measure response
  • Granulocytes > 1,500/ml
  • Platelets > 100,000/ml
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dl
  • Creatinine < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for subjects with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3 x ULN (< 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present)
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of veliparib, capecitabine and temozolomide administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients must be able to swallow pills

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy with combination of capecitabine (or 5-flourouracil [5-FU]) "and" temozolomide (or dacarbazine [DTIC]) will be excluded; patients can have had prior therapies up to 3 prior chemotherapy regimens such as streptozocin, anthracyclines, irinotecan, etoposide, or a platinum agent including single agent capecitabine (or 5FU) or temozolomide (or DTIC).
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to capecitabine, 5-FU, temozolomide or DTIC will be excluded (i.e. anaphylaxis or anaphylactoid reactions)
  • Patients who have active or uncontrolled infection or serious medical or psychiatric illness preventing informed consent or on intensive treatment
  • Patients with brain metastases are excluded
  • Patients with uncontrolled seizures or any neurological conditions resulting in increased risk for seizures are not eligible for study entry
  • Patients with documented central nervous system (CNS) ischemia and/or infarction, whether symptomatic or discovered incidentally without clinical symptoms, will be excluded from study participation
  • Patients with a history of the arterial or venous thromboembolism within =< 12 months of study entry are not eligible
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy are excluded from the study
  • Patients with another active malignancy within the past five years except for carcinoma in situ of cervix or in situ carcinoma of the bladder or non-melanomatous carcinoma of the skin
  • Clinically significant and uncontrolled major medical conditions including but not limited to: active uncontrolled infection, psychiatric illness/ social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements; any medical condition, which in the opinion of the study investigator places the subject at an unacceptably high risk for toxicities
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Major surgical procedure within 4 weeks of treatment
  • Patients may not have any clinically significant cardiovascular disease including the following:

    • Myocardial infarction or ventricular tachyarrhythmia within 6 months
    • Prolonged QTc > 480 msec at baseline
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF) of New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class >= 3
    • Major conduction abnormality (unless a cardiac pacemaker is present)
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with capecitabine or temozolomide or veliparib

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02831179

Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Jordan Berlin, M.D. Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: Jordan Berlin, MD, Professor of Medicine, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Identifier: NCT02831179    
Other Study ID Numbers: VICC GI 14134
NCI-2016-01044 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: July 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 28, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Carcinoid Tumor
Adenoma, Islet Cell
Carcinoma, Medullary
Thyroid Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
Adrenocortical Carcinoma
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2a
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2b
Thyroid Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Endocrine System Diseases
Neuroectodermal Tumors