Public Health Targeting of PrEP at HIV Positives' Bridging Networks (SOPHOCLES)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02676167|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 8, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 9, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|HIV||Behavioral: PrEP Intervention||Not Applicable|
This developmental research grant award (R21) requests funds to explore the feasibility and impact of a public health system PrEP intervention in a recently emerging HIV epidemic in Athens Greece. As HIV epidemics in most settings globally have plateaued or are in decline, emerging epidemics, re-emerging epidemics or outbreaks will become more common, particularly when social, political or other "shocks" that impact HIV prevention resources occur. One well characterized example is the recent epidemic among people who inject drugs (PWID) that started in Athens following austerity measures in 2010. While some success in limiting the epidemic within PWID has been observed, recent phylogenetic and surveillance analysis demonstrates that the HIV strain from this most recent PWID epidemic (CRF35_AD, CRF14_BG, subtypes A and B) has spilled over into MSM in 2013 (see Preliminary Studies).
In emerging epidemics, oral chemoprophylaxis is a commonly-used public health strategy to prevent infectious diseases in susceptible persons. For example, among US and European MSM, antibiotic prophylaxis for sex-partners in outbreaks of invasive meningococcal disease has limited emerging outbreaks. Similarly, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has the potential to be used in emerging epidemics to prevent onwards HIV transmission. While this approach would seem intuitive, current conceptualizations of PrEP implementation narrowly use a clinical model focused on individualized intervention between health provider and client. This is problematic because the public health impact of PrEP may be limited due to lack of proper targeting. In fact, evidence from "real-world" PrEP use suggests that lower risk clients are accessing PrEP. As compared to resource intensive clinical trials or demonstration studies, careful modeling approaches can provide insight into who within a new HIV epidemic should be targeted for PrEP to prevent onward transmission as well as the strategies used to identify these individuals and link them to care. The investigators propose a modeling approach using an Agent Based Model (ABM) that moves beyond basic pathogen and transmission patterns to dealing with complex social interactions, including overlapping social and sexual networks as well as implementation realities, like finite PrEP resources, delayed linkage to PrEP care and early PreP care retention based upon empirically collected data in Athens Greece. Specifically the investigators aim to: 1) Characterize a bridging MSM network (n=308) by measuring individual-level risk factors, network-level connections, and HIV phylogenetic clusters; 2) Measure early PrEP cascade outcomes (HIV testing, PrEP linkage to care) of a sub-sample (n=50) of HIV uninfected MSM over the short term; and 3) Model the effects of this targeted public health PrEP intervention on HIV transmission in Athens. Agent-based models that account for empirical network structure are state-of-the-art in modeling HIV transmission and are flexible enough to address fundamental questions of who should receive PrEP and ultimately how a network-PrEP intervention can impact emerging/reemerging HIV epidemics.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||308 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Health Services Research|
|Official Title:||Public Health Targeting of PrEP at HIV Positives' Bridging Networks|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2019|
Behavioral: PrEP Intervention
- PrEP prescription within 6 months of referral [ Time Frame: 6 months ]A first clinic visit where PrEP is prescribed within 6 months of referral. Clinic visit will be measured by abstracted clinical records and referral date will be collected by the field interviewer.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02676167
|Athens, Greece, 11527|
|Principal Investigator:||John Schneider, MD, MPH||University of Chicago|