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Genetic and Metabolic Disease in Children

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02650622
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 8, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective, non-randomized, non-blinded observational study. The overarching goal is to discover new disease-associated genes in children, while establishing a specific focus on disorders where molecular characterization is most likely to lead to novel therapies. This study will merge detailed phenotypic characterization of patients presenting to the Pediatric Genetics and Metabolism Division in the Department of Pediatrics/Children's Medical Center at Dallas and collaborating clinics with Next-Generation sequencing techniques to identify disease-producing mutations. The primary objective of the study is to identify novel pathogenic mutations in children with rare Mendelian disorders. A secondary objective of the study is to establish normative ranges of a large number of metabolites from healthy newborns and older children.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Genetic Diseases Metabolic Diseases Procedure: Skin Biopsy

Detailed Description:

Discovery of genetic basis of impaired metabolism has greatly advanced treatment of patients with known metabolic diseases. However, many more genetic and metabolic disorders and their molecular causes remain to be discovered. The overall goal of this study is to discover new disease-associated genes in children, while establishing a specific focus on metabolic disorders where molecular characterization is most likely to lead to novel therapies. The primary objective is to identify novel pathogenic mutations in children with rare Mendelian disorders. The secondary objectives are: 1) Optimize methodology for metabolomic sample collection, processing and analysis; and 2) Establish normative ranges for a large number (potentially up to 1000) of metabolites in healthy newborns and older children.

Approximately one in three admissions to tertiary care pediatric hospitals results from conditions with a genetic basis. Although the majority of these conditions are rare, they collectively account for a disproportionate amount of illness and death in children. Discovery of the genetic basis of rare conditions often uncovers the pathophysiological basis of common diseases. This is particularly true for genetic diseases of impaired metabolism (inborn errors of metabolism, IEMs). There are many more genetic and metabolic disorders yet to be discovered. Of approximately 20,000 known human genes, less than one-fifth are currently associated with a disease phenotype. IEMs are a particular area of focus for us for two major reasons. First, of the several hundred known IEMs, many are already effectively treated with dietary modifications and/or medical therapy. This indicates to us that discovery of new IEM genes has great potential to produce clinically actionable insights into pathophysiology and therapeutic opportunities, ultimately leading to treatment of children that would otherwise be impossible to treat. Second, the PI of this study, Dr. Ralph DeBerardinis, is an expert in metabolomics, the practice of identifying and quantifying metabolites from biological systems. We will therefore implement research-based metabolomic profiling to the evaluation of patients with suspected IEMs or other genetic diseases. This detailed analysis will substantially increase the likelihood of identifying clinically relevant metabolic perturbations in children with growth failure, acidosis, hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, and other abnormalities of putative genetic origin. It would also enable us to interpret mutations uncovered by clinical or research-based genomic sequencing. We believe that establishing a systematic procedure to evaluate both the metabolome and the genome in sick children will produce new insights into the genetic basis of pediatric disease, and ultimately new ways to treat these conditions.

In this study, subjects will be recruited as two populations: control and diseased. In the control population, plasma samples of healthy newborns will be acquired at the time of blood collection for state-mandated newborn screening from Parkland. We will also collect blood from healthy children from the clinics at Children's Medical Center (CMC), again piggybacking this research sample with venipuncture for clinically indicated blood collection. All plasma samples will be subjected to metabolomics to determine the healthy ranges for a large number of metabolites. This comprehensive profile of metabolites in children will be used as normative ranges to identify outlying metabolites in diseased subjects. Additionally, if suspected metabolic outliers are detected from this normal population, DNA samples extracted from the leftover packed cells or blood samples will be subjected to genomic sequencing to profile the associated gene mutations. The diseased population will be recruited from the clinics of the Pediatric Genetics and Metabolism Division in the Department of Pediatrics/CMC. Blood and DNA samples will be collected from patients for metabolomic analysis and next-generation sequencing respectively to define the metabolic abnormalities and associated gene mutations. Skin fibroblasts from patients will also be collected and used for biological validation of the metabolic effects of novel mutations, in particular by complementing diseased fibroblasts with wild-type alleles of genes mutated in the patient. If any rare Mendelian disorder is considered in a subject, blood from his/her family members will be acquired and subjected to metabolomic and genomic analyses to facilitate identification of the diseased-associated genes.


Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 1550 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Genetic Regulators of Metabolism and Development in Children
Actual Study Start Date : June 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Cohort 1-Newborns aged 1-2 days
No intervention will be applied specifically for this cohort. Blood samples will be collected from this cohort by piggybacking the state-mandated newborn screening test.
Cohort 2-Children aged 0-18 years
No intervention will be applied specifically for this cohort. Blood samples will be collected from this cohort by piggybacking the blood draw of patient's standard of care.
Cohort 3-Diseased childrens and families
Blood samples will be collected from this cohort by piggybacking the blood draw of patient's standard of care. Skin biopsy will be performed on the proband children with the agreement from parents or guardians.
Procedure: Skin Biopsy
Skin biopsy will only be performed on the proband children in the cohort 3. A small piece of skin (less than 1/8'') will be removed using a local anesthetic cream and a punch, which will then be used for culture of skin cells and other laboratory tests on metabolic function.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Perform metabolomic profiling and exome sequencing in children with presumed genetic and metabolic diseases [ Time Frame: 3-4 years ]
    The Levels of the metabolites that can be detected in the plasma from the enrolled children will be measured by mass-spectrometry technique.The DNA samples will be extracted from the blood samples of diseased children and then subjected to exome sequencing to identify gene mutations.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Perform metabolomic profiling in healthy children [ Time Frame: 3-4 years ]
    The Levels of the metabolites will be measured by by mass-spectrometry technique in the plasma samples from enrolled healthy children.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Establish a specimen repository of healthy and diseased children [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Blood samples and derived plasma and DNA samples, and patient fibroblast cell lines will be de-identified and stored in research laboratory.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

There are 3 cohorts in this study:

Cohort 1: healthy newborns Cohort 2: healthy children aged 0-18 years old Cohort 3: Children with genetic/metabolic disorders and their families

Blood samples will be collected from all the three cohorts for isolation of plasma for metabolomic analysis.

In addition, DNA will be extracted from the blood samples of cohort 3 patients for genomic sequencing, and skin fibroblast cells will be collected from the proband patients in cohort 3.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Two populations will be enrolled in this study, control and diseased. Healthy newborns and older children will be recruited into the control population from Parkland Postpartum units and Children's Medical Center (CMC), respectively. The diseased population will be recruited from the clinics of the Pediatric Genetics and Metabolism Division in the Department of Pediatrics of CMC.
Criteria

Inclusion criteria of Cohort 1- Newborn:

  • Subjects aged 1-2 days
  • Subjects with gestational age 37-42 weeks
  • Subjects with stable clinical status (admitted to normal newborn nursery)

Inclusion criteria of Cohort 2 - Older children:

• Subjects aged 0-18 years

Inclusion criteria of Cohort 3 - Diseased children:

Subjects (no age limit) with ANY phenotype as below:

  • Confirmed metabolic or genetic diseases
  • Suspected metabolic or genetic diseases
  • Episodic metabolic decompensation (e.g. hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, metabolic acidosis)
  • Developmental regression
  • Major congenital malformation
  • Other unexplained symptoms of potential genetic origin

Exclusion criteria of Cohort 1 - Newborn:

  • Subjects with gestational age <37 weeks or >42 weeks
  • Subjects with overt signs of metabolic dysfunction, distress or genetic diseases including hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, sepsis/shock, hypoxemia, or major congenital malformation
  • Subjects with mothers whose pregnancies were complicated by gestational diabetes, gestational hyperglycemia, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, or any other major disorders.

Exclusion criteria of Cohort 2 - Older children:

  • Subjects with confirmed metabolic or genetic diseases
  • Subjects with suspected metabolic or genetic diseases
  • Subjects with episodic metabolic decompensation (e.g. hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, metabolic acidosis)
  • Subjects with developmental regression
  • Subjects with major congenital malformation

Exclusion criteria of Cohort 3 - Diseased children No.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02650622


Contacts
Contact: Min Ni, PhD 2146482189 min.ni@utsouthwestern.edu

Locations
United States, Texas
Children's Medical Center at Dallas Recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Contact: Donnice Michel    214-456-6148    DONNICE.MICHEL@childrens.com   
Principal Investigator: Ralph J DeBerardinis, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ralph J DeBerardinis, MD, PhD UT Southwestern Medical Center, Children's Medical Center at Dallas

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02650622     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU 112014-001
First Posted: January 8, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 2, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
Metabolism
Genetics
Metabolomics
Genomics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Metabolic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn